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Iceland, officially the Republic of Iceland, is a Federal State in the North Atlantic.
Great Nuclear War
On the Great Nuclear War, Keflavík was targeted by Soviet Missiles, due to its strategic airfield. However, for reasons unknown, the missile missed, and crashed into the sea. However, there were still fears of further attacks, and both Keflavik and Reykjavik were put on high alert and the city centres evacuated, but by the following morning fears were down, and civilians were allowed back in. Despite this, a low-level State of Emergency was declared, and maintained until the end of the year.
Early on, Greenland reached to Iceland for aid. Greenland at the time had been a colony of Denmark, as had Iceland until the Second World War. As soon as the Icelandic situation had stabilised, more assistance was given to Greenland, and they slowly became more dependent on Iceland. In order to better co-ordinate efforts, on the 5th October 1965 Icelandic and Greenlandic representatives met in Nuuk, to discuss the future. Assuming no help would be coming from Denmark, Greenland held an Independence Referendum to help legally secure its situation. The vote succeeded, with 87% of voters voting in favour. The next week a second referendum was held on joining a Federal State with Iceland, which succeeded with 72% voters. Discussions began, and on the 1st January 1967, the Republic of Iceland was trasformed info a federal state.
Immediately the state experienced success. Iceland was able to provide food, whilst Greenland was able to provide raw resources, and construction on exploratory boats was begun. In March 1988 an exploration was made to the Queen Elizabeth Islands. Abandoned after the War, over the next few years Icelandic influence grew.
In 2001, whilst exploring, a fishing boat came across the Republic of Svalbard. After the Great Nuclear War, Svalbard had lost contact with Norway, which had slipped into civil war. Once again, Iceland assisted the islanders, and offered membership as a full Federal Republic with high autonomy. After much deliberation, in 2005 Svalbard was admitted into the union, and in 2006 came across the abandoned archipelago of Franz Josef
Land. Formerly a Soviet Military and Research Base, the personnel are believed to have evacuated shortly after the war to the mainland, where they joined a nation. In 2007, Icelandic troops controversially landed on the islands, claimed them, and began to rebuild the structures. Resources have been also made open to Icelandic, as well as some international, fishermen and traders, and Iceland is currently in the process of transforming into a safe-trading route, from Franz Josef Land to Canada. In 2011 contact was made with Canada. Canada still officially claims the islands of Nunavut, but allows Iceland to occupy them, and trades.
The Republic of Iceland is made up of three federal states, a federal city and one military district. The Federal States are :
|State of Ísland||Reykjavík||255,000||102.775 km²||Most populated state|
|State of Færøerne||Tórshavn||45,750||1.399 km²||De jure part of the Kingdom of Denmark|
State of Grønland
|Nuuk||50,000||2.166.086 km²||Highly dishabitated and de jure part of the Kingdom of Denmark|
|Military district of Jan Mayen||Olonkinbyen||50||377 km²||De jure part of the Kingdom of Norway and under military control|
The Reykjavik Capital District is a Federal City, the isle of Jan Mayen is a military district under control of the Iceland Defence Force, and is habitated by merchants, scientists and military, but also of civilians.
The Republic of Iceland after the union with Greenland it have become a federal parliamentary republic, according to the Federal Icelandese Constitution, created in the 1967-1968.
The legislative power is attribuited at the Althing, the Parliament of the republic, is composed by 30 members from Iceland, 20 from Greenland and 20 from Faroe, the elections are hold every 5 years and all the citizens are attempt to vote, the esecutive power is hold by the national government, the prime minister is nominated by the president and remain in charge for 7 years, but the prime minister need have the approvation of the parliament and he can choose his ministers, the last power is the Judicial who is hold by the national magistrature and by the magistrature of each state.
The president of the republic is elected at universal suffrage for every 10 years, the president is only a formal status with some powers, for example the commander of the Defense Force, the right of declare war, the right of declare martial law and emergency state and the power of pass a bill or law, but only once at time.
The ruling party of the parliament is the Independence Party, witch is a liberal and democratic party, the party himself don't rule alone but is in a coalition of party called "Union for Democracy" with along the Faroese Christian Democratic Party and the Greenlandic National Democratic Union, his opposition is represented by the Socialist Party, Green Party and by the Greenlandic Independence Party, this party from the 2015 rapresent the opposition of the parliament with 20 seats, while the other 50 are of the governing coalition.