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Alternate History

Ice Hockey World Championships (An Earlier World Cup of Football)

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The Ice Hockey World Championships is an annual international ice hockey competition which is run by the International Ice Hockey Federation. It was first launched at the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp which led to being one of the first sports to be in the Winter Olympics Games. The first event that was held outside of Olympic years was in 1930 with twelve nations participating in the competition.

History

The IIHF recognized the first World Championship to be held in 1920 at the Summer Olympics in Antwerp. It was played between the 13th-19th April with seven teams entering the first tournament. Canada, Czechoslovakia, United States, Switzerland, Sweden, France and Belgium. The Winnipeg Falcons (who was representing Canada) took home the gold medal scoring 30 goals in three matches. United States, and Czechoslovakia came in second and third. Following on in 1921, where the first Winter Olympics was held in Chamonix. Every tournament up to until 1964, the Olympics was an official World Championship tournament. Canada won the gold in 1928 and 1932 while Sweden and Austria would claim their first medal in 1928.

Canada continued their dominance and in 1934, the United States took the gold medal to break the Canada streak of seven gold medals. Germany would be the next winner to take home a gold medal after they won the 1938 edition in Prague as they defeated Canada in the final. The second World War would cancel the event until 1947. Following on from the second world war, the Czechoslovakia team took out the 1947 edition with the only game where they had to battle being against Sweden. The 1948 edition of the tournament was what would be the forgotten year with the Amateur Athletic Union and the Amateur Hockey Association sending American teams to the Olympics which was held in St. Moritz during that year. With the two teams ready to play at the Olympics, a tense showdown between the two and the IOC deemed that neither team would be able to compete in the competition. With this decision, the LIHG boycotted the Olympics which cancel the 1948 edition of the World Championships. After this incident the Americans were banned from playing in international ice hockey tournaments for five years but would later be dropped to three after an appeal.

The 1949 edition was the first edition to not have the Americans in the competition and it was Czechoslovakia who would take out the title after winning all five of their matches. The next year, the competition went back to a four team opening group round instead of the three team group that happened in the previous year. Canada would take out the title for the 12th time after they defeated Sweden in the final game of the competition to record the title while for Sweden they would finish in the runner up spot once again.

Champions

Year Gold Silver Bronze Host city / cities Host country / countries
1920 Canadian Red Ensign 1868-1921 Canada (1) US flag with 48 stars by Hellerick United States (1) Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia (1) Antwerp Belgium
1924 Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957 Canada (2) US flag with 48 stars by Hellerick United States (2) Flag of the United Kingdom Great Britain (1) Chamonix France
1928 Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957 Canada (3) Flag of Sweden Sweden (1) Flag of Austria Austria (1) St. Moritz Switzerland
1930 Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957 Canada (4) Flag of Germany (3-2 aspect ratio) Germany (1) Flag of Poland Poland (1) Chamonix France
1931 Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957 Canada (5) US flag with 48 stars by Hellerick United States (3) Flag of Sweden Sweden (1) Krynica-Zdrój Poland
1932 Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957 Canada (6) US flag with 48 stars by Hellerick United States (4) Flag of Germany (3-2 aspect ratio) Germany (1) Lake Placid United States
1933 Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957 Canada (7) US flag with 48 stars by Hellerick United States (5) Flag of Austria Austria (2) Prague Czechoslovakia
1934 US flag with 49 stars by Hellerick United States (1) Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957 Canada (1) Flag of Switzerland Switzerland (1) Milan Italy
1935 Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957 Canada (8) Flag of the United Kingdom Great Britain (1) Flag of Sweden Sweden (2) Davos Switzerland
1936 Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957 Canada (9) Flag of the United Kingdom Great Britain (2) US flag with 48 stars by Hellerick United States (1) Montreal Canada
1937 Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957 Canada (10) Flag of the United Kingdom Great Britain (3) Flag of Poland Poland (2) London Great Britain
1938 Flag of German Reich (1935–1945) Germany (1) Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957 Canada (2) Flag of the United Kingdom Great Britain (2) Prague Czechoslovakia
1939 Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957 Canada (11) US flag with 48 stars by Hellerick United States (6) Flag of Switzerland Switzerland (2) Basel & Zurich Switzerland
1947 Flag of the Czech Republic Czechoslovakia (1) Flag of Sweden Sweden (2) Flag of Austria Austria (3) Prague Czechoslovakia
1949 Flag of the Czech Republic Czechoslovakia (2) Flag of Switzerland Switzerland (1) Flag of Sweden Sweden (3) Stockholm Sweden
1950 Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957 Canada (12) Flag of Sweden Sweden (3) Flag of Switzerland Switzerland (3) London Great Britain

Medal table

Countries in italics no longer compete at the World Championships.

Country Gold Silver Bronze Medals
Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957 Canada 12 02 00 14
Flag of the Czech Republic Czechoslovakia 02 00 01 03
US flag with 48 stars by Hellerick United States 01 06 01 08
Flag of German Reich (1935–1945) Germany 01 01 01 03
Flag of Sweden Sweden 00 03 03 06
Flag of the United Kingdom Great Britain 00 03 02 05
Flag of Switzerland Switzerland 00 01 03 04
Flag of Austria Austria 00 00 03 03
Flag of Poland Poland 00 00 02 02

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