The Ice Hockey World Championships is an annual international ice hockey competition which is run by the International Ice Hockey Federation. It was first launched at the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp which led to being one of the first sports to be in the Winter Olympics Games. The first event that was held outside of Olympic years was in 1930 with twelve nations participating in the competition.
The IIHF recognized the first World Championship to be held in 1920 at the Summer Olympics in Antwerp. It was played between the 13th-19th April with seven teams entering the first tournament. Canada, Czechoslovakia, United States, Switzerland, Sweden, France and Belgium. The Winnipeg Falcons (who was representing Canada) took home the gold medal scoring 30 goals in three matches. United States, and Czechoslovakia came in second and third. Following on in 1921, where the first Winter Olympics was held in Chamonix. Every tournament up to until 1964, the Olympics was an official World Championship tournament. Canada won the gold in 1928 and 1932 while Sweden and Austria would claim their first medal in 1928.
Canada continued their dominance and in 1934, the United States took the gold medal to break the Canada streak of seven gold medals. Germany would be the next winner to take home a gold medal after they won the 1938 edition in Prague as they defeated Canada in the final. The second World War would cancel the event until 1947.
|Year||Gold||Silver||Bronze||Host city / cities||Host country / countries|
|1920||Canada (1)||United States (1)||Czechoslovakia (1)||Antwerp||Belgium|
|1924||Canada (2)||United States (2)||United Kingdom (1)||Chamonix||France|
|1928||Canada (3)||Sweden (1)||Austria (1)||St. Moritz||Switzerland|
|1930||Canada (4)||Germany (1)||Poland (1)||Chamonix||France|
|1931||Canada (5)||United States (3)||Sweden (1)||Krynica-Zdrój||Poland|
|1932||Canada (6)||United States (4)||Germany (1)||Lake Placid||United States|
|1933||Canada (7)||United States (5)||Austria (2)||Prague||Czechoslovakia|
|1934||United States (1)||Canada (1)||Switzerland (1)||Milan||Italy|
|1935||Canada (8)||United Kingdom (1)||Sweden (2)||Davos||Switzerland|
|1936||Canada (9)||United Kingdom (2)||United States (1)||Montreal||Canada|
|1937||Canada (10)||United Kingdom (3)||Poland (2)||London||United Kingdom|
|1938||Germany (1)||Canada (2)||United Kingdom (2)||Prague||Czechoslovakia|
|1939||Canada (11)||United States (6)||Switzerland (2)||Basel & Zurich||Switzerland|
Countries in italics no longer compete at the World Championships.