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Hungary (Fidem Pacis)

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Kingdom of Hungary
Magyar Királyság
Timeline: Fidem Pacis

OTL equivalent: Hungary
Flag of Hungary (Fidem Pacis) No coa
Flag Coat of Arms
Europe (Fidem Pacis)
Location of Hungary
Capital
(and largest city)
Budapest
Language
  official
 
Hungarian
  others Slovak, Vlachian
Religion Islam
Government Constitutional monarchy
  legislature Diet
King
Prime Minister
Area 305,411 km²
Population 60,886,487 
Established 1000
Independence from Romania
  declared 1603
  recognized 1685
Annexation to Romania
  date 1204
The Kingdom of Hungary (Hungarian: Magyar Királyság) is a landlocked sovereign state in central Europe, bordering Poland, Lithuania, Vlachia, Serbia, Croatia, Austria and Bohemia. It has long been a powerful force in the region, having once dominated much of the Balkans. The first Hungarian state was founded by Prince Árpád who invaded the Carpathian Basin in 895, and he and his descendents ruled Hungary for centuries until the kingdom was absorbed into the Roman Empire in the 13th century.

For four hundred years Hungary was treated as a Roman province like any other, its laws and customs as an independent kingdom ignored. Though it did prosper from trade, as most of the trade routes between Romania and northern Europe passed through its territory, it was also repeatedly ravaged by war due to its vulnerability as a border province and its distance from Romania's heartlands. From the mid-16th century Romania's involvement in the Forty Years' War resulted in the destruction of most of the main Hungarian cities and cut the trade routes, and this, combined with the Kantakouzenid dynasty's centralisation of power, resulted in the impoverishment of the country amidst widespread discontent.

Hungary regained its independence in the 17th century during the Danubian Wars, when it revolted against Roman rule together with a number of other countries in the Danube-Balkan region. Although it had been decided that the kingdom should be restored, the Estates were unable to decide on who should be king, resulting in the division of Hungary among three rival claimants based in Pest, Debrecen and Pozsony. The three fought several wars in late 17th and early 18th century, before being united by Miklos II of Debrecen in the face of Bohemian and Lithuanian expansion.

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