Hubert Horatio Humphrey, Jr. (May 27, 1911 - January 13, 1978) was an American Socialist politician from Minnesota who served as President of the United States from 1969 until 1977. He was a US Senator from Minnesota from 1949-1968, when he resigned to prepare to take office as President. He was also Mayor of Minneapolis in the 1940s before being elected to the Senate.
A lifelong liberal and committed Socialist, Humphrey played an important part in purging communists from the Socialist-Farmer-Labor (SFL) Party after helping broker the party's merger in Minnesota and was an avowed anti-Communist. He rose to national prominence at the 1948 Socialist National Convention when he expressed his outright support for civil rights, his strong condemnation of both Communist Canada and the de jure segregated Confederate States of America and his support of a "new social contract." After falling flat in the 1960 primaries against Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts, he rose to become Senate Majority Whip and became a well-known Washington power broker. In 1968 he once again decided to make a run for the Presidency and ran on a decidedly left-wing ticket with US Senator Ed Muskie in 1968 against then-Vice President Richard Nixon, winning narrowly.
As President, Humphrey continued many of his Democratic predecessor Nelson A. Rockefeller's social programs such as increased public housing, school integration, and expanded the national health care system. A "Kennedian" Socialist, Humphrey was part of the "soft left" and disfavored outright nationalisation, instead favoring expanded opportunity, cash transfer-based welfare programs and government regulation over the centralisation and government ownership of industry.
In the foreign policy arena, Humphrey favored the policy of Neupolitik being undertaken by German Chancellor Willy Brandt and visited both Canada and the UBPR in his term, the first American President to do so. However, relations with the Confederacy deteriorated early in his first term over his criticism of CSA President George Wallace's staunch segregrationist policy and overturning of much of the goodwill engendered during the Lyndon Johnson administration. Due to strong economic growth, Humphrey was easily reelected in 1972. His second term, however, was marred with scandals, economic crises due to the 1974 South American oil embargo, high inflation and public protests over the Vietnam War, which Humphrey did not support but was hard pressed to publically protest against his German allies. Humphrey left office in 1977 with an approval rating of 46% and died in Minnesota less than a year after leaving office.