House of Wittelsbach
Country Bavaria, Austria, Brandenburg, Pomerania, Venezia, Franconia, Saxony, Poland
  • Holy Roman Emperor
  • King of the Romans
  • Duke of Bavaria
  • Grand Duke of Bavaria
  • King of Bavaria
  • King of Austria
  • King of Poland
  • King of Venezia
  • Count of Saxony
  • Count of Thuringia
  • Duke of Franconia
  • Duke of Greater Saxony
  • Grand Duke of Greater Saxony
  • Grand Duke of Saxony-Franconia
  • Margrave of Brandenburg
  • Duke of Brandenburg
  • Duke of Pomerania
Founded 11th Century
Founder Otto of Scheyern
Current head Frances I, Queen of Bavaria
Cadet branches
  • Ballardine Line
  • Elisabethan Line
  • Marian Line
  • Habsburg-Wittelsbach Line

The House of Wittelsbach is a major dynasty in Europe. The family was formed during the 11th century, when Count Otto of Scheyern moved his power base from the Castle of Scheyern to the Castle of Wittelsbach. From then on, the Wittlesbach slowly gaind power before being awarded the Duchy of Bavaria in the 13th century. 

Today, the Wittelsbachs control all of the Kingdoms of Bavaria, Austria, and Venezia, as well as the Ducal seats of Brandenburg and Pomerania. Smaller branches of the family exist as well. Since the middle ages, Wittelsbach lords have ruled the Palatinate. In the 1540s, the House of Habsburg-Wittelsbach was created when the son of Grand Duke Heinrich XVII, Magnus, was wed to a Habsburg princess. The House of Habsburg-Wittelsbach briefly ruled the throne of Poland before being deposed a short time later. Since then, the cadet branch has enjoyed continued prominence in Bavaria, and its members have held the post of provincial governor more than once.