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House of Habsburg (Principia Moderni III Map Game)

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House of Habsburg
Country Austria, Kingdom of Germany, Holy Roman Empire, Tuscany, Bohemia, Moravia, Brandenburg, and Luxembourg
Titles
  • Holy Roman Emperor
  • King of the Romans
  • King of Germany
  • King of Bohemia
  • King of Spain
  • King of Poland
  • Archduke of Austria
  • Grand Duke of Tuscany
  • Duke of Luxembourg
  • Duke of Silesia
  • Margrave of Moravia
  • Margrave of Brandenburg
  • Count of Habsburg
Founded 11th century: Radbot, Count of Habsburg
Dissolution N/A
Ethnicity Germans (Austrian)
Cadet branches
  • Leopoldian line
  • Albertine line
  • Brandenburgian line
  • Habsburg-Wittlesbach
  • Habsburg-Breslau

The House of Habsburg, also spelled Hapsburg, is one of the most important royal houses of Europe. The throne of the Holy Roman Empire is currently ruled by the House of Habsburg, beginning in 1410 with the election of Albert II of Germany. The house also produced kings of Bohemia, as well as rulers of other German and Italian countries.

The House takes its name from Habsburg Castle, a fortress built in the 1020's by Count Radbot of Klettgau, who chose to name his fortress Habsburg. His grandson, Otto II, was the first to take the fortress name as his own, adding "Count of Habsburg" to his title. The House of Habsburg gathered dynastic momentum through the 11th, 12th and 13th centuries.

By 1276, Count Radbot's seventh generation descendant, Rudolph of Habsburg, had moved the family's power base from Habsburg Castle to the Duchy of Austria. Rudolph had become King of Germany in 1273, and the dynasty of the House of Habsburg was truly entrenched in 1276 when Rudolph became ruler of Austria, which the Habsburgs rule to the present. A series of dynastic marriages enabled the family to vastly expand its domains, to include several kingdoms and other territories into the inheritance.

Royal Family

The Archduchy of Austria has been ruled by the House of Habsburg from 1282 to the present, and the current ruler is Wolfgang I.

House of Habsburg

The House of Habsburg is the principle house of Austria, and one of the most important royal houses of Europe. The throne of the Holy Roman Empire is currently ruled by the House of Habsburg, beginning in 1410 with the election of Albert II of Germany. The house also produced kings of Bohemia, as well as rulers of other German and Italian countries.


 
 
 
Albert IV
(1377 - 1404)
 
 
 
Johanna Sophia of Bavaria
(1373 - 1410)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Elisabeth of Bohemia
(1390 - 1455)
 
Albert V
(1397 - 1464)
 
Margarete
(1395 - 1447)
 
Dmitri I
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Anne
(1427)
 
Albert von Wettin
(1412 - 1465)
 
George
(1434-1486)
 
Dorothea of Brandenburg
(1435)
 
 
 
Otto
(1440)
 
 
Mary of Pomerania
 
Elisabeth
(1442)
 
Carlos of Castile
 
Ladislaus
(1445)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
House
of Wettin
 
Katharina
 
Maximilian
(1458-1408)
 
Catherine
(1460)
 
Margaret
(1463)
 
Balthasar
(1469)
 
Ursula
 
Brandenburgian Line
 
John of Castile
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Charles V
(1486-1562)
 
Alexis of Castile
 
 
 
Anna
 
Albert
(1490)
 
Walter
(1500)
 
Anna
(1504)
 
Magnus von Wittlsbach
 
Ulrich
(1507)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Phillip I
(1504)
 
 
 
Ferdinand I
(1504-1592)
 
Leopoldine
 
Francis
(1515 - 1567)
 
Gregoria
(1515 - 1572)
 
Constance
(1517 - 1589)
 
Eleanor
(1518 - 1580)
 
House of Habsburg-Wittlesbach
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wolfgang I
(1545-1622)
 
Elisabeth
(1546)
 
John
(1548)
 
Ursala
(1552)
 
Charles
(1556)
 
Elisabeth von Hohenzollern
 
Constance
(1558)
 
Mary
 
Barbara
(1560)
 
Eberhard von Württemberg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Leopold I
(1572-1649)
 
Elizabeth Valois-Arc
(1572)
 
Margaret
(1568)
 
Afonso of Portugal
(1574)
 
Gregoria
(1580)
 
Albert
 
Frederick
(1583)
 
Mary
 
House of Habsburg-Breslau
 
House of Württemberg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rudolph II
(1593-1677)
 
Margaret
 
Anna
(1595)
 
Frederick
 
Ernest
(1597)
 
Elizabeth
(1600)
 
Wenceslaus
(1604)
 
Eleanor
(1613)
 
Otto
(1615-1700)
 
Eleonore-Magdalena
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ferdinand II
(1612-1705)
 
Proserpina of Oldenburg
(1610)
 
 
Maximilian
(1630)
 
Anna van Nassau-Orleans
(1632)
 
 
Dorothea
(1643-1717)
 
William de la Marck
 
Magnus
(1645-1705)
 
Anna von Sonderburg
 
Albert
(1649)
 
Anna
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Maria Amelia
(1670)
 
Karl von Liechtenstein
(1664)
 
 
Luise Ulrike von Hohenzollern
(1671)
 
Leopold II
(1670 - 1760)
 
Maria Anna
(1675)
 
 
House of La Marck
 
Augusta
 
Balthasar
(1672-1748)
 
Elisabeth
 
Magnus
(1675)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Karl Eusebius
(1707)
 
 
Eleonora Maria
(1720)
 
Stephen II Palaiologos
(1728)
 
Joseph I
(1703)
 
Rozenn
(1720)
 
Carolina
(1705)
 
Giovani d'Visconti
(1699)
 
Maria Theresa
(1725)
 
Charles de Trastamara-Wittelsbach
(1734)
 
Frederick
(1700)
 
Anne
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wolfgang
(1740)
 
 
 
Rudolph
(1745)
 
 
Stephano
 
 
 
 
 
Albert
 
 
Maria Amalia
 
Frederick von Croÿ
 

House of Habsburg-Paderborn

  • Balthasar I, Duke of Paderborn
    • Frederick I, Duke of Paderborn (1700 - 1770)
      • Albert I, Duke of Paderborn (1730 - 1809)
        • Leopold Karl, Duke of Paderborn (1758)
      • Maria Amelia - Frederick von Croy

House of Palatinate-Simmern

  • Frederick V, Elector of the Palatinate (1709 - 1762)
    • Charles Louis (1730 - 1759)
    • Louise Juliana (1733 - 1809) - Wolfgang II, Holy Roman Emperor (1740)

House of Habsburg

  • Wolfgang II, Holy Roman Emperor (1740) - Louise Juliana von Palatinate-Simmern
    • Franz Ferdinand, Crown Prince of Westphalia (1762)
      • Franz Karl (1785)
        • Franz Joseph (1810)
      • Joseph Albert (1788)
        • Charles Stephen (1811)
      • Albert Frederick, Duke of Kolossland (1790) - Marie von Siegsburg
        • Maria Christina (1812)
        • Josef Peter (1814)
    • Franz Ludwig, Elector of the Palatinate (1764)
      • Leopold Charles (1788)
      • Caroline Josepha (1790)
      • Eleonore Caroline (1793)
      • Charles Joseph (1795)
      • Augusta Amalia (1798)
      • Louise Maria (1802)
    • Joseph Karl, Duke of Zweibrücken (1766)
      • Alexander Leopold (1790 - 1812)
      • Joseph (1792)
        • Joseph Stephen (1812)
    • Maria Dorothea (1770)
    • Maria Caroline (1773)
    • Maximilian Francis, Hochmeister (1775)

House of Liechtenstein

  • Karl Eusebius, Duke of Liechtenstein (1707 - 1779)
    • Josef Florian, Duke of Liechtenstein (1731 - 1801)
      • Aloys I, Duke of Liechtenstein (1755)
        • Josef Ferdinand (1780)
          • Franz Josef (1805)
          • Aloys (1808)
          • Maria Clementina (1812)
        • Marie-Louise (1782)
        • Josef Anton (1784)
        • Maria Clementina (1786)
        • Amalie Theresa (1790)
      • Marie-Caroline (1757)
      • Johann Joseph (1760)
      • Friedrich Adalbert (1763)
      • Henriette Maria (1765)
    • Johann Karl (1734)
      • Marie Alexandra (1766)
      • Georg Hartmann (1768)
      • Ulrich Joseph (1771)
      • Maria Theresia (1774)
      • Aloys Heinrich (1778)
    • Maria Josepha (1736) - Leopold I von Lippe (1733)
      • Leopold II (1768)
      • Ernest (1771)
      • Friederike (1773)
      • Karl (1777)
      • Pauline (1780)
    • Leopoldina Maria (1740) - Otto von Ravensberg (1736)
      • Friedrich (1770)
      • Bernard (1773)
      • Margaret (1776)

Brandenburgian Line

The Brandenburgian Line of the House of Habsburg, named for the territory originally associated with the line, refers to the descendants of Magnus von Habsburg, Margrave of Brandenburg.


 
Otto
(1440)
 
Mary of Pomerania
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Magnus
(1464-1539)
 
Margaret
 
Sophia
(1467)
 
Urraca of Portugal
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Frederick I
(1485-1533)
 
Mary
 
 
Ursula
(1488-1530)
 
Albert
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lothar I
(1518 - 1577)
 
Catherine
 
 
Johann
(1520)
 
Anna
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lothar II
(1539-1606)
 
Anna
 
 
Cymburgis
 
William of Britannia
 
Frederick
(1542)
 
Mary
 
 
Cymburgis
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ursala
(1560)
 
 
Magnus II
(1564 - 1631)
 
Teresa Manrique de Figueroa
(1575)
 
Mary
(1582)
 
Alfred
(1586)
 
Otto
(1575)
 
Catherine
 
Margaret
(1577)
 
Anna
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Otto I
(1594)
 
 
Albert
(1596)
 
 
 
 
Frederick
(1596)
 
 
Wilhelm
(1600)
 
 
Mary
(1602)
 
 
 
 

House of Württemberg

The House of Württemberg is the primary house of Swabia. One of the region's most powerful families, the family successfully unified the duchy, which it rules to this day.


 
 
 
Eberhard IV
(1388 – 1419)
 
 
 
Henriette
(1387 – 1444)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ulrich V/I
(1413 - 1481)
 
Elisabeth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Henry I
(1435 - 1511)
 
Margareta
 
Christian
Archbishop of Trier
(1445)ma
 
Katharina
 
Maximilian I
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eberhard I
(1460 – 1527)
 
Ursala
 
Christoph
(1470 – 1546)
 
Hedwig
 
House of Habsburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sabine
(1480 – 1552)
 
Maximilian
 
Ludwig I
(1483 – 1559)
 
Emilie
 
Leopold
(1488 – 1560)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Henry
(1505 – 1578)
 
Eleonore
 
Ulrich II
(1508 – 1585)
 
Dorothea
 
Eberhard
(1510 – 1571)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Frederick
(1547)
 
Margareta
 
Johann I
(1550)
 
Irene Strategopoulos
(1570)
 
Christoph
(1555)
 
Anne von Hohenzollern
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ulrich
(1570)
 
 
Mary
(1575)
 
 
Christoph
(1590)
 
 
Henry
(1580)
 
 
 
 

House of Wettin

The House of Wettin is the primary house of Saxony.


 
 
 
Albert
(1412 - 1465)
 
 
 
Anne von Habsburg
(1427)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
George
(1447)
 
Barbara
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
George II
(1468 - 1536)
 
Anna
 
Henry
(1470 - 1548)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rudolph I
(1488 - 1558)
 
Mary
 
Frederick
(1491 - 1557)
 
Catherine
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Frederick I
(1507 - 1577)
 
Hedwig
 
Albert
(1510 - 1589)
 
Anna
 
Ernest
(1511 - 1581)
 
Mary
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Margaret
(1547)
 
 
Frederick II
(1550)
 
 
Maurice
(1549)
 
 
 
 
 
 

House of Habsburg-Wittlesbach

The House of Habsburg-Wittlesbach is a cadet branch of the House of Habsburg, created upon the marriage of Magnus von Wittlesbach and Anna of Austria.


 
 
Anna
(1504)
 
Magnus von Wittlsbach
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Magnus
(1543)
 
 
 
Ulrich
(1545)
 
Aygöl
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Otto
(1570)
 
Urraca Manrique de Figueroa
(1573)
 
Elisabeth
(1572)
 
Edmund von Jülich
 
 
 
 


House of Habsburg-Breslau

The House of Habsburg-Breslau is a cadet branch of the House of Habsburg, named for their capital of city of Breslau, in the Duchy of Silesia which they rule.


 
 
Constance
(1558-1624)
 
Mary
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Albert
(1588)
 
Mary
 
Anna
(1590)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Conrad
(1609)
 
 
 
Henry
(1612)
 
 
 
 


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