Hong Kong (Cantonese: 香港, hēung góng) is a sovereign state located in East Asia. The nation is bordered in the north by China and has a maritime border with Portugal (through Macau) in the south. As a part of the Commonwealth Realm, the head of state of Hong Kong is Queen Elizabeth II.
The British Empire acquired Hong Kong Island in 1842 from the North Qing Dynasty after their defeat in the First Opium War. The British gradually acquired more territory throughout the 19th Century, with the current borders being set after World War II. During the 1940s, Hong Kong was occupied by the Xian Dynasty. Hong Kong would remain a crown colony of the United Kingdom until the 1980s, at which time they gained independence.
Hong Kong is one of the wealthiest nations in East Asia.