Holy Roman Empire has a special position within the states of Europe. Although Charlemagne was crowned in the year 800, it was rather a federation, which was of the same size and ignored the land the vassals had in reality (such as the fact that the Kingdom of Bohemia is a part of the realm, however Hungary doesn't count even though they're in a personal union).
Emperors are elected by a set of electors from among the various states. Originally including Germany, it controls Pomerania, Bohemia, Austria, Italy, Switzerland and a part of the Low Countries. Beginning with Frederick III in 1440 all the Holy Roman Emperors since have come from the Habsburg Dynasty.
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There are seven electors of the Holy Roman Empire. There are three spiritual electors from the Archbishoprics of Mainz, Trier and Cologne and four secular electors from the Electoral Palatine, Electorate of Saxony, Kingdom of Bohemia and Margraviate of Brandenburg. Originally the electors declared a King of the Romans and only the Pope crowned the Holy Roman Emperor. However as a part of special rights for dealing with Martin Luther, Charles V gave the electors right to elect the Emperor straight away. Electors enjoyed titles of Highnesses and special offices inside the Imperial Diet (Council).
|Archbishop of Mainz||Albert of Mainz||Sebastian von Heusenstamm||Wolfgang von Dalberg|
|Archbishop of Trier||Richard von Greiffenklau||Johann von der Leyen||Johann von Schönenberg|
|Archbishop of Cologne||Herman of Wied||Adolf of Schauenburg||Friedrich von Hamm|
|King of Bohemia||Louis II of Hungary||Bela VI of Hungary|
|Elector of Palatine||Louis V, Elector Palatine||Louis VI, Elector Palatine|
|Elector of Saxony||Frederick III of Saxony||John Frederick I of Saxony||John Ernest I of Saxony|
|Margrave of Brandenburg||Joachim I Nestor of Brandenburg||Joachim II Hector of Brandenburg||Sigismund Frederick, Elector of Brandenburg|
|New Emperor||Charles I of Spain||Ferdinand I of Spain||Philip II of Spain|