Henry Parkes
1st Prime Minister of Australia
The Honourable
Preceded by Office Established
Succeeded by George Reid
Monarch Victoria
7th Premier of New South Wales
Personal details
Born 27 May 1815
Warwickshire, England
Died 21 March 1896
Melbourne, Australia
Nationality Australian Federation Flag.svg Australian
Political party Free Trade Party
Spouse(s) Clarinda Varney (1836-1888)

Eleanor Dixon (1889-1896)

Profession Statesman
Religion Anglican
Sir Henry Parkes, GCMG (27 May 1815 - 21 March 1896) was an Australian statesman and politician who is considered to be the "founding father" of Australia. An early advocate of Federation, he led the movement toward nationhood, and after serving as Premier for New South Wales on five different occasions, he was selected as the caretaker of the Australian government by the first Governor-General, Victor Villiers, Earl of Jersey, thus making him the first Prime Minister. After winning re-election in the 1894 election, he would continue to serve until he died of a stroke on the 21st of March, 1896.