Henry FitzAlan, 19th Earl of Arundel was a successor to his father William FitzAlan, coming to power in the early reign of Henry IX, he rose throw the court ranks, and he supported the first explorations and colonies in America under Henry IX. His main goal was an establishment of New Guildford in Chesapeake Bay. When Edward VI claimed the title of King of America, he made Henry the Supreme Lord Chancellor and granting him authority over all of America and only having responsibility directly to the monarch.
The position of Supreme Lord Chancellor was a viceroyalty and the monarchs had to give conformation for the heir to keep it. Henry's son named for his father and the 20th Earl of Arundel was granted the title once again. However for several days the title was de jure abolished, before Edward gave conformation of the inheritance.
He married a daughter of a Marquess, named Katherine Grey, she gave him four children:
- Henry FitzAlan, 20th Earl of Arundel (1537 - 1610), his heir and the 2nd Supreme Lord Chancellor
- Jane FitzAlan (1539 - 1591), married John Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk
- Thomas FitzAlan (1540 - 1617)
- Margaret FitzAlan (1543 - 1587), married Henry Radclyffe, 3rd Earl of Sussex