Politics of HawaiiHawaii has a constitutional monarchy, which used to be the previous rule, which was instated with the nation's constitution in 2007. The nation is very progressive with universal health care, gay marriage and legalization of marijuana. The nation has only two levels of government, Federal and local, with a weak judicial branch. The Federal government is composed of a 65 member House of Commons elected every four years and the majority party appoints the ten member Cabinet and Prime Minister. The second level in Parliament is the House of Nobles which includes ten members elected from a party list, every eight years, appointed members from the Queen and approved by the Commons, and appointed one appointed member from the Polar Republic to show their care for each other, and one from the British Monarchy. The House of Nobles currently has 39 members, which was named after the former higher chamber during the last Monarchy rule. The Nobles is led by the High Noble Lord which leads the seven member cabinet of the government. The only other level is city councils which are give a good amount of power due to only two levels of government. The nation is considering a referendum in 2013 to be allowed into the American Union.
Prime Ministers and Monarchs of Hawaii
There have been two Prime Ministers of Hawaii since the nation's founding in 2007. Long time politician Daniel Inouye was the first Prime Minister from the IPP and is regarded as a great founding father and shaped the country's progressive policies. Since his recent death, his friend Daniel Akaka has taken over as Prime Minister.
|Daniel Inouye||Island Progressive Party||2007-2012|
|Daniel Akaka||Island Progressive Party||2012-present|
There has only been one monarch on the throne of Hawaii, Queen Mauna Kamehameha which since being related to the former Monarch of Hawaii, was able to take the throne. She was 59 when she took the throne and is now 65. The Queen barely has any power other than participating in the Council of America and to propose bills to the House of Nobles.
|Queen Muana Kamehameha||2007 - present|
Political PartiesThere are four main political parties in the nation, the most dominant being the Island Progressive Party. The IPP is a loyalist (being pro-monarchy, and pro-nobles, while some want a more democratic Nobles), progressive party which was able to set up the nation's basic laws, and popular social reforms and was mostly unhurt in the recession. The Native Lands Party, active in most American countries, ended there attempt to gain seats after the first election and the major laws helping those Native people. The other three Parties are the Conservative Hawaii Party, Green Nature Party, and the King's Party. The Conservative Party, are Loyalists who support some Hawaii protectionism, and basic conservative values. The Green Nature Party, is a anti-monarchy, anti-nobles, which supports greater protection of the Hawaiian environment and progressive ideas. Although GNP members have been offered Nobleships in the Nobles, they choose not to accept them. The King's Party, is a breakaway from the IPP, founded by an appointed Noble Henry Hio, which supports more socialistic values than the IPP and still supports the idea of a traditional Hawaiian monarchy. Since the founding of the KP more IPP Nobles have joined the Party due to lack of trust in the IPP Lord's leadership.
|Party||Spectrum||Leader (non-lords)||High Noble Lord||Seats in the House of Commons (65 in total)||Seats in the House of Nobles (39 in total)||(affiliated) AU Party||Local seats|
|Island Progressive Party||loyalist, progressive, social liberalism||Daniel Akaka||Calvin Say||49||21||Social Democrats and Progressives||308|
|Conservative Hawaii Party||loyalist, conservative, protectionist, centrist (minor)||Sam Slom||Linda Lingle||13||12||American People's Party||129|
|Green Nature Party||environmentalist, anti-monarchy, anti-nobles progressive||Keiko Bonk||none||3||0||Green Activists||38|
|King's Party||Loyalist, socialism||Henry Hio||Henry Hio||0||6||Social Democrats and Progressives||7|
2007 General elections
In the 2007 General elections the newly founded Island Progressive Party was able to win a huge majority due to the demographics of the nation and the leadership of the IPP's members and appoint long time politician Daniel Inouye as Prime Minister. The nation was set in the right direction with high corporate and income tax, regulations and public spending in the Hawaiian Health Service (HHS) their publicly funded health care system, and made sweeping social reforms like gay marriage and legalization of marijuana. The nation's unemployment rate did increase to 6.1% in 2010, reaching its highest point before the 2011 elections but proved to being minimally harmful to the IPP.
|Party||Seats in the Commons (65 in total)||Elected nobles (10 in total)||Seats in the nobles (29 in total)|
|Island Progressive Party||46||6||16|
|Conservative Hawaii Party||17||2||10|
|Green Nature Party||2||0||0|
- ^two elected nobles from the IPP left to join the KP even though they were not elected with that party.
2011 Commons elections
In the 2011 Commons elections the IPP was able to gain seats due to the popularity of PM Inouye and the government's policies. The CP campaigned on repealing the HHS which was already popular, polls showing around 92% approval of the HHS. The IPP was able to appoint new nobles, institute new educational and welfare reforms, and set up new tax breaks for small businesses and overall tax breaks for corporations. The IPP passed a referendum in June 2012, with approval of the American Union Parliament 700-38, 57-4 in the Hawaiian Commons, and 29-10 in the Nobles, to allow the nation vote on full membership in January of 2013, on whether to join the AU. Opinion polls show favorably for full membership.
On December 17th, 2012, at age 88, Prime Minister Daniel Inouye died. A national funeral service was held the next day. On December 20th the IPP announced the party would appoint the deputy leader Daniel Akaka to finish out the Parliamentary term and hold a Deputy leadership contest.
|Party||Seats in the House of Commons (65 in total)||Seat Changes||Seats in the House of Nobles (39 in total)|
|Island Progressive Party||49||+ 3||21|
|Conservative Hawaii Party||13||- 4||12|
|Green Nature Party||3||+ 1||0|
2013 American Union ReferendumA campaign promise of the Island Progressive Party was to have a referendum to allow entrance into the American Union. The IPP, which supports entrance to the AU, sent Prime Minister Inouye and his cabinet to the Council of America, a council of national executives which could propose laws to the AU Parliament. The Council sent the bill to the AUP to recognize the outcome of the referendum and agree to allow the nation to hold it by a vote of 700-38. Next the referendum was proposed to the Commons and approved 57-4, with all opposition coming from the Conservative Hawaii Party. In the Nobles, of the 39 of them, 29 voted 'aye' and 10 voted against, all in the Conservative Hawaii Party. The announcement of a referendum came on June 27th, 2012 that would be voted on as such "Will the Nation of Hawaii join the American Union, become a full, binding, member with elected members to represent the nation and hold those elections by the next AU elections in 2016." Quickly two campaigns came out trying to court the electorate, "Yes! For a Better Hawaii" and "No! For a Sound Hawaii". In the months that came opinion polls showed large support for the yes campaign with the IPP, Green Nature Party, and King's Party telling their party members to vote yes, while the Conservative Hawaii Party chose to stay neutral, which the IPP tried to exploit in showing weakness.
The referendum took place January, 14th and with resounding support of 75% for AU membership. Prime Minister Akaka said the referendum showed that the country was able to take stride in improving there economy and help integrate their economy. Opposition leader Sam Slom said the referendum was very sound and glad that the country voted Yes, while about 45% of his party voted against.
|Date of opinion poll||Yes vote||No vote||Undecided|
|June 30th, 2012||56%||30%||14%|
|July 10th, 2012||55%||29%||16%|
|July 19th, 2012||58%||29%||13%|
|August 5th, 2012||60%||30%||10%|
|August 28th, 2012||65%||27%||8%|
|September 10th, 2012||64%||30%||6%|
|September 20th, 2012||60%||31%||9%|
|October 2nd, 2012||62%||32%||6%|
|October 10th, 2012||60%||31%||9%|
|October 18th, 2012||62%||30%||8%|
|October 29th, 2012||62%||29%||9%|
|November 6th, 2012||63%||29%||8%|
|November 11th, 2012||65%||26%||9%|
|November 22th, 2012||67%||25%||8%|
|December 1st, 2012||70%||25%||5%|
|December 9th, 2012||67%||25%||8%|
|December 15th, 2012||70%||24%||6%|
|December 21st, 2012||72%||22%||6%|
|December 25th, 2012||75%||20%||5%|
|January 2nd, 2013||76%||20%||4%|
|January 10th, 2013||75%||22%||3%|
|January 14th, 2013 (actual referendum)||75%||25%||-|
2013 Monarchy ReferendumApart of an agreement in 2007 after the Constitution was approved was to hold a referendum after six years on the status of the Royal family of Hawaii. The Monarchy has virtually no power, only ceremonial roles, but is paid about 5.9 million dollars a year for the Queen, King's there dependents and there children. That number is expected to rise as more people become related to the family and along with security and palace upkeep the total budget for the family is about 15.2 million dollars. The referendum date is set for April 9th, 2013 in which every citizen in the country can vote, which is different because usually the Monarch and Heredity Nobles can not vote in elections. The proposal for a referendum was supported by most parties, as the IPP was in government, the proposal was approved by the commons 65-0 and by the Nobles, 29-0. In September of 2012 early campaigning started for the Referendum with "Yes! For a Traditional Hawaii" being supported by the Island Progressive Party, (now defunct) Native Lands Party, Conservative Hawaii Party, and the split away from the IPP, the King's Party. Only supporting the "No - For a Free Hawaii" was the Green Nature Party, and the campaign was even headed by the GNP Vice President Kevin Neohaven. The people of Hawaii are generally happy with the new sense of renewed culture with a Hawaiian monarch and polls reflect the General approval of the Monarchy. A yes vote showed support for the Monarchy, a no vote showed support for the abolition of the monarchy. For the Monarchy to stay, the Yes votes needed at least 55% support of the people, yet in every opinion poll yes votes around upwards of 70%.
|Date||Yes vote||No vote||Undecided|
|December 1st, 2013||76%||20%||4%|
|(Of IPP members only) December 5th, 2012||68%||25%||7%|
|December 10th, 2012||75%||20%||5%|
|December 15th, 2012||77%||20%||3%|
|(Of CHP members only/of GNP members only) December 18th, 2012||95%/9%||2%/90%||3%/1%|
|December 20th, 2012||84%||15%||1%|
|December 25th, 2012||85%||12%||3%|
|January 2nd, 2013||89%||10%||1%|
|January 9th, 2013||88%||11%||1%|
|January 15th, 2013 (IPP members only)||75%||22%||3%|
|January 15th, 2013||90%||9%||1%|
There have been different important leadership elections for political parties around Hawaii. Here are some of them:
2007 CHP leadership electionIn the beginning stages of the nation's founding, early political parties were established. The IPP, the most dominate party by ideology, already had a senior leadership and the Green Nature Party was too small to have one. The CHP, with a weak membership base and low amount of seats in the Commons, then held a leadership election and deputy leadership election in one. The election would include candidates from the Commons which would then, on election day, the first place candidate would become the leader and the second place candidate deputy, with each voter getting two votes (but not being able to vote for the same candidate twice). Of the 17 elected CHP members, five decided to run for leader/deputy leader. Sam Slom, Interim leader, Kymberly Pine, Shadow Minister for Energy and Environment, Allison Ng, a local newspaper owner and backbencher, Linda Lingle, Former Hawaiian Governor and Shadow Lords Minister for Social Services/Shadow High Noble Lord, and Cynthia Thielen, a was backbencher but currently is the Shadow Under Minister for Healthcare and Services. The election was held in September of 2007 after two months of Campaigning. The early leader was the conservative Sam Slom who campaigned on privatisation and conservative social values. His campaign strength lead to early poll results in the months of July and with great performances in the Prime Minister's Questions he shot to CHP fame. Though he was challenged greatly, his most credible opponent was Allision Ng who owned a local newspaper and supported some mainstream conservative values. Her campaign reached the most popularity in late July, but her support was cut in half after a debate in early August when she supported Republicanism over a Constitutional Monarchy. Former Governor Linda Lingle proved herself, along with Slom, to be a good candidate but do to moderate policy positions only gained some support in the polls. After more rigorous campaigning the Thielen campaign, with weak support, decided to endorse Slom, for leader, not to split the vote further. She instead aimed to make a run for the Deputy position, trying to gain support from other campaigns. After continuing campaigning the five candidates cam together in the end of August, just a few days until election day. In this event Pine became a credible candidate and came out the victor. She promised mainstream conservative policies and to promote the party as a way to save Hawaii. In the final days Slom seemed to be in first place, having the leadership position already won. But Lindle and Pine now faced off for the deputy position, which by the polls seemed up for grabs. In the end the surge for Pine, lead her to gain the second most amount of support and become Deputy CHP Leader with Slom winning a massive 40% of the vote.
|July 4th, 2007||19%||9%||15%||22%||6%||29%|
|July 9th, 2007 (leadership only)||22%||10%||14%||25%||4%||25%|
|July 14th, 2007 (LO)||21%||10%||16%||24%||4%||25%|
|July 17th, 2007||25%||9%||13%||19%||3%||31%|
|July 25th, 2007||23%||10%||19%||20%||4%||24%|
|July 30th, 2007 (one day after the debate)||27%||12%||10%||19%||5%||27%|
|August 5th, 2007||29%||14%||9%||20%||5%||23%|
|August 8th, 2007 (Thielen announces run for deputy spot, gives Slom support)||30%||14%||9%||19%||7%||21%|
|August 13th, 2007||29%||13%||10%||20%||6%||22%|
|August 17th, 2007||34%||12%||8%||20%||8%||18%|
|August 19th, 2007 (a day after the debate)||35%||18%||10%||19%||8%||10%|
|August 22nd, 2007||38%||18%||11%||19%||10%||4%|
|August 26th, 2007||40%||19%||7%||20%||7%||7%|
|September 3rd, 2007||40%||20%||8%||19%||9%||4%|
September 5th, 2007 (Election Day)
2013 Deputy IPP leadershipThe 2013 Deputy leadership election for the IPP, came after the sudden death to Former Prime Minister Daniel Inouye and the Deputy Prime Minister Daniel Akaka taking over to lead the country. A snap election was called for the Deputy position on December 20th, for January 24th to take place ten days after the by-election for Inouye's seat and the Referendum. On December 21st, nominations ended with three IPP members from the House of Commons entering the race with the IPP council sending out a letter to all there members: "Rest in Peace to Inouye. We all miss him. Aloha." Another listed the three members running for the Deputy position, Neil Abercrombie (Minister for the Environment), Colleen Hanabusa (Minister for Hawaiian Culture), and Jack Usted (Backbencher, Committee Member for Taxes and Revenues, and Head of the Committee on Hawaiian Culture). Early on in the election Abercrombie and Hanabua were early favorites, as Usted's low name recognition lead to low poll numbers. The first debate will be held January 15th.
|December 21st, 2012 (by AUN)||29%||29%||17%||25%|
|December 21st, 2012 (by Hawaiian Island News)||30%||27%||10%||33%|
|December 23rd, 2012 (by AUN)||30%||30%||15%||25%|
|December 27th, 2012 (by Honolulu Star-Adviser)||32%||32%||17%||19%|
|January 3rd, 2012 (by HS-A)||35%||35%||16%||14%|
|January 7th, 2012 (by AUN)||36%||34%||17%||13%|
|January 10th, 2012 (by HIN)||35%||35%||20%||10%|
|(after debate) January 16th, 2012 (by HIN)||35%||40%||18%||7%|