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Hawaii (Central World)

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Kingdom of Hawaii
Aupuni Mō'ī o Hawai'i
Timeline: Central World

OTL equivalent: Hawaii
Kanaka Maoli flag Royal Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Hawaii
Flag of Hawaii Coat of Arms of Hawaii

Motto
Ua Mau ke Ea o ka ʻĀina i ka Pono (Hawaiian)
("The life of the land is perpetuated in righteousness")

Anthem "Hawai'i Pono'i"
Capital Honolulu
Largest city Honolulu
Other cities Kailua-Kona, Lahaina
Language
  official
 
Hawaiian
  others English, Japanese
Religion
  main
 
Christianity
  others Shinto, Buddhism, Hinduism
Ethnic Groups
  main
 
Caucasic, Native
  others Asian, Black
Demonym Hawaiian
Government Kingdom
Area
  main
 
app. 16,000 km²
  water (%) 41,2
Population 1,250,000 
Established 1795
Independence from United States of America
  declared 1946
Annexation to United States of America
  date 1898
Currency Hawaiian Dolar
Internet TLD .hi

The Kingdom of Hawaii (Hawaiian: Aupuni Mō'ī o Hawai'i) is a nation on the mid-Pacific.

History

Overthrow of 1893 — the Republic Hawaii (1894–1898)

In January 1893, Queen Liliʻuokalani was overthrown and replaced by a Provisional Government composed of members of the Committee of Safety. Controversy filled the following years as the queen tried to re-establish her throne. The administration of President Grover Cleveland commissioned the Blount Report, which concluded that the removal of Liliʻuokalani was illegal. The U.S. government first demanded that Queen Liliʻuokalani be reinstated, but the Provisional Government refused. Congress followed with another investigation, and submitted the Morgan Report on February 26, 1894, which found all parties (including Minister Stevens) with the exception of the queen "not guilty" from any responsibility for the overthrow. The accuracy and impartiality of both the Blount and Morgan reports has been questioned by partisans on both sides of the debate over the events of 1893.

In 1993, a joint Apology Resolution regarding the overthrow was passed by Congress and signed by President Clinton, apologizing for the overthrow of the Hawaiian Kingdom. It is the first time in American history that the United States government has apologized for overthrowing the government of a sovereign nation.

The Provisional Government of Hawaii ended on July 4, 1894, replaced by the Republic of Hawaii.

The first Japanese immigrants arrived in Hawaii in 1885 as contract laborers for the sugarcane and pineapple plantations. Puerto Rican immigration to Hawaii began when Puerto Rico's sugar industry was devastated by two hurricanes in 1899. The devastation caused a world wide shortage in sugar and

780px-Iolani Palace (1328)

The I'Olani Palace in Honolulu where the hawaiian monarchy live

a huge demand for the product from Hawaii. Hawaiian sugar plantation owners began to recruit the jobless, but experienced, laborers in Puerto Rico. Two distinct waves of Korean immigration to Hawaii have occurred in the last century. The first arrived in between 1903 and 1924; the second wave began in 1965.

Annexation — the Territory of Hawaii (1898–1946)

After William McKinley won the presidential election in 1896, Hawaii's annexation to the U.S. was again discussed. The previous president, Grover Cleveland, was a friend of Queen Liliʻuokalani. McKinley was open to persuasion by U.S. expansionists and by annexationists from Hawaii. He met with annexationists from Hawaii Lorrin Thurston, Francis Hatch and William Kinney. After negotiations, in June 1897, McKinley agreed to a treaty of annexation with these representatives of the Republic of Hawaii. The president then submitted the treaty to the U.S. Senate for approval.

The Newlands Resolution in Congress annexed the Republic to the United States and it became the Territory of Hawa

ii. Despite some opposition in the islands, the Newlands Resolution was passed by the House June 15, 1898, by a vote of 209 to 91, and by the Senate on July 6, 1898, by a vote of 42 to 21.

In 1900, Hawaii was granted self-governance and retained ʻIolani Palace as the territorial capitol building. Despite several attempts to become a state, Hawaii remained a territory for forty-six years. Plantation owners and key capitalists, who maintained control through financial institutions, or "factors," known as the Big Five, found territorial status convenient, enabling them to continue importing cheap foreign labor; such immigration was prohibited in various states.

Independence and Today

On 1946, after Allied collapse in WW2 , the Japanese signed the Treaty of Fresno in which the United States recognized the puppet Kingdom of Hawaii and the Free State of Alaska as sovereign states.

Quentin

To the right King Quentin Kawananakoa

In the 1950s the power of the plantation owners was finally broken by descendants of Japanese laborers. Because they were born in a Hawaiian territory, they were legal Hawaiian citizens. The Hawaii Democratic Party, strongly supported by plantation owners, was voted out of office. The Royal Party of Hawaii has dominated politics since then.

In 1956 Hawaii joined the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere as an observer member.

After joining, Hawaii quickly modernized via construction and rapidly growing tourism economy. Later, state programs promoted Hawaiian culture. The Hawaii Kingdom Constitutional Convention of 1978 incorporated programs such as the Office of Hawaiian Affairs to promote indigenous language and culture.

Geography

The Hawaiian Islands (Hawaiian: Mokupuni o Hawai‘i) are anarchipelago of eight major islands, several atolls, numerous smaller islets, and undersea
800px-Pāhoehoe and Aa flows at Hawaii

Lava in Hawai'i

seamounts in the North Pacific Ocean, extending some 1,500 miles (2,400 km) from the island of Hawaiʻi in the south to northernmost Kure Atoll (the northwesternmost island in Hawaii is Green Island, which is joined to the Kure Atoll). Once known as the "Sandwich Islands", the archipelago now takes its name from the largest island in the cluster.

The islands are the exposed peaks of a great undersea mountain range known as the Hawaiian-Emperor seamount chain, formed by volcanic activity over a hotspot in the Earth's mantle. At about 1,860 miles (3,000 km) from the nearest continent, the Hawaiian Island archipelago is the most isolated grouping of islands on earth.

Flora and Fauna

Located some 2,400 miles (4,000 km) from the nearest continental shore, the Hawaiian Islands are the most isolated group of islands on the planet. The plant and animal life of the Hawaiian archipelago is the result of early, very infrequent colonizations of arriving species and the slow evolution of those species—in isolation from the rest of the world's flora and fauna—over a period of at least 70 million years. As a consequence, Hawai'i is home to a large number of endemic species. The radiation of species described by Charles Darwin in the Galapagos Islands which was critical to the formulation of his Theory of Evolution is far exceeded in the more isolated Hawaiian Islands.

Foreign Relations

Hawaii have very good relations with the GEACOP members, specially with Japan, Japan has also offered to construct nuclear power plants in Hawaii to help meet the country's energy, while also seeking to aid the development of Hawaii's natural resources. Japan has provided economic, military, and technical assistance to Hawaii. The alliance remains strong.

The USA has mentioned many times during the Cold War, that the Kawananakoas are puppet kings of the "Empire of Evil" {Japan}.

Monarchs

King Edward D. Kawānanakoa (1917-1953)
Kawananakoawithkingedwardviii Queen Abigail K. Kawānanakoa (1953-1961)
Edwardabnelkawananakoa King Edward A. Kawānanakoa (1961-1997)
Quentin King Quentin K. Kawānanakoa (1997-)

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