Kingdom of HamburgTimeline: Principia Moderni III (Map Game)
OTL equivalent: Hamburg, Brunswick-Lüneburg, Saxe-Lauenburg, Bremen, Lübeck
"Freiheit, von den Ältesten verdient, kann der Nachwuchs bemühen, würdig zu schützen." (German)
Freedom, earned by the elders, may the offspring worthily endeavor to protect.
|Regional Languages||Low German, Danish, Lithuanian|
|Ethnic groups||German, Danish, Lithuanian|
|-||Upper house||House of Lords|
|-||Lower house||House of Commons|
|-||As Free Imperial City||808 A.D.|
|-||As Duchy of Hamburg||1435 A.D.|
|-||As Kingdom of Hamburg||1792 A.D.|
Hamburg is a Free Hanseatic city located on the River Elbe in the north of the Holy Roman Empire.
Hamburg is a city located on the Elbe River in the Holy Roman Empire. It is autonomous, in control of its own internal affairs.
Hamburg is a major trading center, operating one of the largest ports in Europe. It is a member of the Hanseatic League, an economic and defensive alliance with Leübeck and others.
In the early 1400s, Hamburg began to open trade with many of Europe's powers, including the Novgorod Republic and Venice.
Hamburg has its own constitution, called the Rezeß (translation: withdrawal). It has numerous points aimed at granting more rights to the common man, among them:
- Article 1. No citizen, poor or rich, is to be arrested without a hearing at the senate or a court.
- Article 6. The senate is not allowed to begin a war without a hearing of the citizens.
- Article 10. The senate cannot grant safe conduct for a person who owes a citizen of Hamburg.
- Article 13. In case of disputes between the senate and the citizens, these disputes need to be corrected immediately and are not to be delayed by jurists.
- Article 15. Disloyal public servants need to be discharged.
Though the Rezeß has been amended several times, it remains one of the oldest continually active constitutions in the world.
UNC War of Reclamation
In 1403, under the false pretense that Hamburg is a Nordic possession, the recently established United Norse Crown attacks the city. Though the defenders fought valiantly, the UNC was too strong. In the ensuing peace treaty, Hamburg agreed to give the UNV a portion of its trade earnings, provide a port for the UNC Navy, and remain neutral against the UNC. All were to stand in place until the year 1450, 47 years later.
But, in 1413, under the condition of sending aid in case of a war with the Russian states, Hamburg was released from the treaty.
Beginning in 1400, Hamburg began to reassert itself as the north European trade capital. A massive ship-building operation was initiated to replace Hamburgs aging trade fleet. With the Hanseatic league reaching record profits, and new trade routes opening far and wide, it seems Hamburg would be set to become the premier stop for North Sea trade within a matter of years. It would be set back by a cold, northern wind.
In 1402, the Kalmar Union turned its gaze on Hamburg, claiming it as Nordic. The talk was immediately rejected in Hamburg, but it struck a chord in the Union. The next year, Hamburg took part in the Muscovite Crusade, a military effort to free the Duchy of Muscovy from the rule of Poland-Lithuania. Seeing their opportunity, the Kalmar Union, now reformed into the United Norse Crown, attacked Hamburg from their vassal of Holstein. Historians have placed the Hamburger defenders outnumbered anywhere from 5-1 to 20-1. Despite the odds, and with the River Elbe at their backs, the Hamburgers fought a valiant struggle, but ultimately were mostly overwhelmed. In a peace separate from that of the rest of the Muscovite Crusade, Hamburg was forced to pay tribute to the UNC. The defeat would leave an anti-UNC sentiment in the population.
Left to pickup the pieces, Hamburg slowly rebuilt. The Hanseatic League were mostly forced out of Hamburg by the UNC-sponsored Crown Merchants, leaving many trading companies struggling. One day, Henry the Mild of the House of Welf, arrived in Hamburg. With his reputation and close ties, he raises the mayors position to Prince, and became Prince Henry II.
In the remainder of the decade, Hamburg began improving. New trade deals with the Albion, Castile, France, the Romans and Georgia opened up many new markets for the city, and profits slowly increased. By the turn of the decade, Hamburg was regaining its former glory.