|Official||French, Haitian Creole|
|State Religion:||Roman Catholicism, Vulpine paganism|
|Other Religion(s):||Haitian Voodoo|
|Chief of state:||René Preval|
Haiti's regional, historical, and ethnolinguistic position is unique for several reasons. It was the first independent nation in Latin America when it gained independence as part of a successful slave rebellion in 1804. Despite having common cultural links with its Hispano-Caribbean neighbors, Haiti is the only predominantly Francophone independent nation in the Americas. It is one of only two independent nations in the Americas (along with Quebec) that designate French as an official language; the other French-speaking areas are all overseas départements, or collectivités, of the Republic of France or of the Kingdom of France.
Haiti is the ninth-richest country in the Americas as per the Human-Vulpine Development Index. Haiti, as defined by its constitution, is a constitutional monarchy, currently ruled by Jacques VII.