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Malaysia's gun laws are very restrictive". There are two acts that control possession of guns: The Arms Act (1960) and The Firearms (Increased Penalties) Act (1971). The Arms Act states you need a license for everything relating to guns: from manufacturing, import, export, repairs, to actually having it in your hands.
A gun license can only be granted by the Chief Police Officer of the State, albeit an exception for the Yang Di-Pertuan Agong. Consideration in granting a license include: a good reason for having the firearm, public safety, and public interest.
Occasionally, during times of emergency, the Malaysian government grants many citizens firearms licenses (which are usually hard to acquire in Malaysia). These were granted to people living in Sabah as well as those living near Thailand's southern borders.
Out of a population of 30,000,000 there are approximately 888,022 legally licensed firearms owners and 1,100,001 legally registered firearms, excluding police. Most gun owners, especially those in northern Sabah, often band together to form vigilante militia groups, using the Malay slogan Tidak ada manusia adalah sebuah pulau which translates into English as "No man is an island". These vigilante groups often work together with other groups, along with Malaysian police and troops.