|Province of Guatemala|
Provincia de Guatemala
Map of the Republic of Guatemala, 1861.
|-||Lieutenant-Governor||Justo Rufino Barrios|
|Establishment||(As a country on the 1st of July 1823)|
|-||1865 estimate||1.5 million|
Guatemala, officially the Province of Guatemala, is a Province of The United Confederation of Central America and is bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, the province of Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east, Honduras to the east and the province of El Salvador to the southeast.
It was previously the Republic of Guatemala until April 8th, 1866, when the Republics of Guatemala and El Salvador signed to create The United Confederation of Central America
The territory of modern Guatemala once formed the core of the Mayan civilization, which extended across Mesoamerica. Most of the country was conquered [by the Spanish] in the 16th century, becoming part of the viceroyalty of New Spain. Guatemala attained independence in 1821 as part of the Federal Republic of Central America, which dissolved in 1841.
On the 8th of August 1863, Conservative President Rafael Carrera died unexpectedly, triggering events that put the liberal President Justo Rufino Barrios in power, which ultimately led to the creation of The United Confederation of Central America.
Union with El Salvador
The concept began after the coup executed by the country of El Salvador that overthrew the conservative government of Guatemala in 1863. Talks of a union between the two liberal governments began in 1864, motivation grew as tension between conservatives and liberals of Central America increased and fear grew from the collapse of neighboring Mexico. The Union was successfully signed April 8th, 1866.