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Guam is a United States territory located in Marianas Archipelago. It became a U.S. possession after it was ceded by Spain following the Spanish-American War. The current governing body of the island was the American Pacific-Asiatic Zone up until its occupation by Japanese forces.
Guam was first inhabited by Austronesians traveling from the Asian mainland to the Pacific Islands. The island were discovered by Ferdinand Magellan on his way to the Spice Islands. It because a Spanish colony 1565, along with the Marianas, Palau, Micronesia, and the Philippines. It, along with the Marianas was an important galleon stop for ships traveling to the New World via the Pacific. After the victory of the United States in the Spanish-American War, Guam was occupied by the U.S., formally transferred on December 23, 1898 as per the Treaty of Paris. A U.S. Marine seaplane unit was stationed in Guam from 1921 to 1930, the first in the Pacific. Pan American Airways established a seaplane base on the island for its San Francisco-Manila-Hong Kong route, and the Commercial Pacific Cable Company built a telegraph/telephone station in 1903.
Guam lost all contact with the U.S. mainland in the aftermath of the Yellowstone eruption. It maintained close ties with the Japanese protectorate of the Marianas, the Dutch East Indies and the Commonwealth of the Philippines - one of the nearest and known U.S. remnants in the Asia-Pacific region. Upon contact with remnant United States government in the West Coast, Guam became under the administration of the American Pacific-Asiatic Zone. Nonetheless, when the Pacific War broke out in 1939, Guam was occupied by the Empire of Japan.