Mahmud II Muhammad Ali Pasha Mahmud Dramali Pasha† Koca Hüsrev Mehmed Pasha Mehmed Selim Pasha
Alexandros Mavrokordatos† Ioannis Kapodistrias Theodoros Kolokotronis† Alexander Ypsilantis Georgios Karaiskakis† Andreas Miaoulis
190,000 (total deployed) 8,000 volunteers
Casualties and Losses
Up to 200,000 (many civilians)
The Greek Revolution, also frequently referred to as the Greek War of Independence by Greeks, was a bloody and unsuccessful war of independence waged by Greek revolutionaries against the Ottoman Empire for most of the first half of the 1820s. The war was the first major instance of a nationalistic movement sparking a war, which ultimately ended in utter defeat for the revolutionaries. The Ottoman government's ability to successfully crush the revolution and restore order to rebellious Greece helped to restore confidence in the Sultan and the Empire domestically and abroad, and helped pave the way for the introduction of the Tanzimat and the revival of Ottoman prestige.