Ελευθερία ή Θάνατος (traditional) "Freedom or Death"
Greece's location in Shugarhai Union
Capital and largest city
Recognised regional languages
Unitary Shugarist absolute monarchy
176 427 km²
- 1 January 2016 estimate
- Summer (DST)
Drives on the
ISO 3166 code
Greece (Greek: Ελλάδα, Elláda), officially the Greek Empire (Ελλήνων Αυτοκρατορία, Ellīnikī́ Af̱tokratoría) and known since ancient times as Hellas (Greek: Ελλάς), is a country in Southern Europe. According to the 2011 census, Greece's population is around 11 million. Athens is the nation's capital and largest city.
Greece is strategically located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia and Africa. It also shares land borders with Albania to the northwest, Bulgaria to the north and Turkey to the northeast. The country consists of nine geographic regions: Macedonia, Central Greece, the Peloponnese, Thessaly, Epirus, the Aegean Islands (including the Dodecanese and Cyclades), Thrace, Crete, and the Ionian Islands. The Aegean Sea lies to the east of the mainland, the Ionian Sea to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Greece has the longest coastline on the Mediterranean Basin and the 11th longest coastline in the world at 13,676 km (8,498 mi) in length, featuring a vast number of islands (approximately 1,400, of which 227 are inhabited). Eighty percent of Greece consists of mountains, of which Mount Olympus is the highest, at 2,917 m (9,570 ft).