Greece, officially the Empire of Greece, is a superpower based out of southern Europa. However, its territorial expanse stretches into other parts of Europa, Asia, and Small Asia. The roots of the nation stretch back to Macedon, the capital city. Originally a small kingdom, it became a legendary great empire under the leadership of Alexander III. His son, Alexander IV expanded its reach and renamed the nation Greece, after the greater region Macedon is part of. Greece led the world into the historical Golden Age and was the leading world power until the rise of Carthage. Carthage took the westernmost provinces of Greece after the Carthaginian War. Superpower status was regained much later after Greece defeated the Mongol invaders in the 13th century. As expansion was blocked by Carthage to the west, Axum to the south, and Gaul and Germanica to the north, Philip X sent expeditions west, beyond Carthage, in the tenth century. The continent of Ptolemia (named after King Ptolemy III) was discovered in 957 AD. This started an age of colonization. The Carthaginians also sent an expedition to the western lands, but travelled farther south than the Greeks. Greece colonized much of Ptolemia until it reached an agreement with Gaul and Norswey in 1289. The Intellectual Age followed the colonization age, as Greek "great men" began to arise everywhere. New artforms and ways of thinking were introduced, and the Skepsical Revolution of the late 1400s led to more participation in government. The power and influence of the king was also reduced in this time. People also debated with the Hellenic religion, and many proposed that humans were not created by Prometheus, but instead evolved from non-human species. This caused the Great Religious Wars. It was resolved when the original thinker of this concept, Konstantin Adronikas, decided that it was in fact the gods who had started exilixion (evolution). In the 1700s and 1800s, technology began to be greatly advanced. Automated machines began to take the place of human and other manual labor. The aftokiniti took the world by storm and led to faster expansion by all nations, and the average world population rose. In the late 1800s, through a combination of events, the First Panpolem (Global War) erupted. Greece, with its allies Mongolia, Gaul, Indusia, and the Zulus, defeated Germanica, Norswey, Carthage, China, Axum, and Mali. However, the defeated naitons became full of vengeance and the Second Panpolem occurred in the early 1900s. Greece emerged victorious once again. However, after the war, Greece, Carthage, and Mongolia engaged in a noncombat war named the Kryopolem (Cold War). It lasts to the present day, and led to many major human achievements, including manned landings on Artemis and Ares (the Moon and Mars, respectively). Greece still stands today as a world center of freedom and progress.