Greece (Ancient Greek: Ἑλλάς, Hellás), also known as Hellas and officially the Kingdom of Greece, is a country in southeastern Europe. Situated on the southern end of the Balkan Peninsula and the western part of the Anatolian peninsula, Greece has land borders with Albania, Bulgaria to the north, and Turkey to the east. The Aegean Sea lies to the east of mainland Greece, the Ionian Sea to the west, the Black Sea to the north, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south.
Modern Greece traces its roots to the civilisation of ancient Greece, generally considered the cradle of Western civilization. As such, it is the birthplace of democracy, Western philosophy, the Olympic Games, Western literature and historiography, political science, major scientific and mathematical principles, and Western drama, including both tragedy and comedy. This legacy is partly reflected in the 17 UNESCO World Heritage Sites located in Greece. The modern Greek state was established in 1830, following a victorious uprising against Ottoman rule.
A developed country with an advanced, high-income economy, a very high Human Development Index (22nd highest in the world as of 2010) and consistently high quality of life rankings, It is a founding member of the United Nations, the OECD, and the Black Sea Economic Cooperation Organization. Constantinople is the capital and the largest city in the country ; other major cities include Thessaloniki, Sinope, Adalia, Athens, Larissa and Ioannina.