The Austrians won the battle of Gitschin during the Austro-Prussian war in 1866. As a result of this, their forces won several other key battles and soon had completely defeated the Prussians. This solidified control over German-speaking areas by the Austrians. Three years later, they united all German states into the German Empire. They quickly expanded into other areas, creating a very powerful empire in Central Europe. This worried other nations.
These other nations absorbed smaller states to create new empires that could defend if the Germans attacked. A history was created in which the twentieth century was dominated by large multinational empires.
After unification of the German states in 1869, the new German Empire turned its attention to the balkans. In 1873, after the Empire had been well established,