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Great War (Rule, Britannia!)

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Great War
WW1 TitlePicture For Wikipedia Article
Date 1908 - 1912
Location Europe, Atlantis, Africa, Asia
Result Victory of the Grand Alliance, end of the Austro-Hungarian and Egyptian empires, transfer of Prussian colonies, creation of new countries in Europe and the Middle East
Belligerents
Grand Alliance

Flag of Britannia (Rule, Britannia!) Britannia

Hellenic Kingdom Flag 1935 Greece
Flag of the Netherlands Netherlands
Flag of Bavaria (lozengy) Bavaria
Flag of Italy (1861-1946) Savoy
Flag of Italy (Rule, Britannia!) Italy
Flag of Denmark Denmark
State Flag of Serbia (1882-1918) Serbia
Flag of the United Principalities of Romania (1862 - 1866) Transylvania
Flag of Alaska (Rule, Britannia!) Alaska
Flag of the United States 36 Stars (Rule, Britannia!) United States
War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army Japan

Central Powers

Flag of Prussia 1892-1918 Prussia
Flag of France France
Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy Austria-Hungary
Romanov Flag Russia
Union Jack of Sweden and Norway (1844-1905) Sweden-Norway
Flag Portugal (1830) Portugal
Confederate Rebel Flag Pacifica
Flag of Mexika (Rule, Britannia!) Mexika
Flag of Castile-La Mancha Castile
Flag of Empire of Brazil (1870-1889) Amazonia
Flag of Egypt (1882-1922) Egypt

Commanders and leaders
Grand Alliance

Flag of Britannia (Rule, Britannia!) Edward V
Flag of Britannia (Rule, Britannia!) Arthur Balfour
Flag of Britannia (Rule, Britannia!) H. H. Asquith
Flag of Britannia (Rule, Britannia!) Douglas Haig
Hellenic Kingdom Flag 1935 Constantine I
Hellenic Kingdom Flag 1935 Eleftherios Venizelos
Hellenic Kingdom Flag 1935 Panagiotis Danglis
Flag of the Netherlands Wilhelmina
Flag of the Netherlands Pieter Cort van der Linden
Flag of the Netherlands
Flag of Bavaria (lozengy) Otto
Flag of Bavaria (lozengy) Georg von Hertling
Flag of Bavaria (lozengy) Leopold of Bavaria
Flag of Italy (1861-1946) Victor Emmanuel III
Flag of Italy (1861-1946) Giovanni Giolitti
Flag of Italy (1861-1946) Luigi Cadorna
Flag of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy Lucien II Napoleon
Flag of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy Paolo Boselli
Flag of Denmark Frederick VIII
Flag of Denmark Christian X
Flag of Denmark Niels Neergaard
Flag of Denmark Ludvig Holstein-Ledreborg
Flag of Denmark Klaus Berntsen
Flag of Alaska (Rule, Britannia!) Vladimir I
Flag of Alaska (Rule, Britannia!) Cyril I
Flag of Alaska (Rule, Britannia!) Sergei Rachmaninoff
Flag of the United States 36 Stars (Rule, Britannia!) Charles Evan Hughes
Flag of the United States 36 Stars (Rule, Britannia!) William Howard Taft
Flag of the United States 36 Stars (Rule, Britannia!) John J. Pershing
Flag of the United States 36 Stars (Rule, Britannia!) William Simms
Flag of the United States 36 Stars (Rule, Britannia!) Mason Patrick
War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army Emperor Taishō
War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army Saionji Kinmochi
War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army Kōzō Satō
War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army Kamio Mitsuomi

Central Powers

Flag of Prussia 1892-1918 Wilhelm II
Flag of Prussia 1892-1918 Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg
Flag of Prussia 1892-1918 Arthur Zimmerman
Flag of Prussia 1892-1918 Alfred von Tirpitz
Flag of France Armand Fallières
Flag of France Joseph Joffre
Flag of France Philippe Pétain
Flag of France Ferdinand Foch
Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy Franz Joseph I
Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy Leopold Berchtold
Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy Friedrich von Habsburg-Lorraine
Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy Conrad von Hötzendorf
Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy Svetozar Boroević
Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy Arthur Arz von Straußenburg
Romanov Flag Nicholas II
Romanov Flag Georgy Lvov
Romanov Flag Nicholas Nikolaevich
Romanov Flag Aleksei Brusilov
Romanov Flag Alexander Samsonov
Union Jack of Sweden and Norway (1844-1905) Gustaf V
Union Jack of Sweden and Norway (1844-1905) Arvid Lindman
Union Jack of Sweden and Norway (1844-1905) Karl Staaff
Flag Portugal (1830) Carlos I
Flag Portugal (1830) Bernardino Machado
Flag Portugal (1830) José Norton de Matos
Confederate Rebel Flag Charles IV
Confederate Rebel Flag Jean II
Confederate Rebel Flag Damien Guillory
Flag of Mexika (Rule, Britannia!) Victoriano Huerta
Flag of Mexika (Rule, Britannia!) Francisco I. Madero
Flag of Castile-La Mancha Henry V
Flag of Castile-La Mancha José Canalejas y Méndez
Flag of Empire of Brazil (1870-1889) Isabel
Flag of Empire of Brazil (1870-1889) Venceslau Brás
Flag of Egypt (1882-1922) Hussein Kamel
Flag of Egypt (1882-1922) Hussein Rushdi Pasha
Flag of Egypt (1882-1922) Fevzi Çakmak

The Great War (sometimes called the First Great War) was a global war centered in Europa that began on 28 July 1908 and lasted until 11 November 1912. More than nine million combatants and seven million civilians died as a result of the war, a casualty rate exacerbated by the belligerents' technological and industrial sophistication, and tactical stalemate. It was one of the deadliest conflicts in history, paving the way for major political changes, including revolutions in many of the nations involved.

The war drew in all the world's economic great powers, which were assembled in two opposing alliances: the Grand Alliance (Britannia, Greece, Netherlands, Bavaria) and the Central Powers of Germany, France, Austria-Hungary, and Russia. These alliances were reorganized and expanded as more nations entered the war: Denmark, Savoy, Italy, and the United States joined the Grand Alliance, and Sweden-Norway, Portugal, Pacifica, and Mexika the Central Powers. Ultimately, more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europans, were mobilised in one of the largest wars in history.

The war ended with victory for the Grand Alliance. Prussia, Russia, France, Austria-Hungary, and Egypt lost territories across the world, with their colonies either gaining independence (Ethiopa) or being gained by members of the Grand Alliance. In Europa, they lost land to facilitate the creation of new nations such as Poland, Hungary, Venice, Caucasia, and Ukraine. Also, Bavaria occupied Alsace-Lorraine and the Saarland and in the Middle East, Egyptian territory was reduced to create new nations, although they became mandates under the influence and protection of other Europan powers. However, in other places, such as Atlantis and Oceania, the status quo was essentially maintained. The war also led to massive civil unrest in Russia and eventually the Russian Revolution and eventually led to the Chinese Civil War in Asia.

During the Constantinople Peace conference, The Big Four (Britannia, Greece, the Netherlands, and the United States) imposed their terms in a series of treaties. The United Nations was formed with the aim of preventing any repetition of such an appalling conflict. This aim, however, failed with weakened states, economic depression, renewed European nationalism, and the Prussian feeling of humiliation contributing to the rise of fascism, which spread to Austria and France. These conditions eventually contributed to the Second Great War.

Background

The two main alliances of the war were formed out of several other alliances. The Grand Alliance was based in the Dutch-Britannic Dual Alliance and expanded to include Bavaria after the collapse of the German Confederation and the Franco-Bavarian War. This new alliance was called the Triple Alliance, which Greece joined after defeating Egypt in the late 19th century. The origins of the Central Powers lied in the relation between Austria and Germany, two German states. After French defeat in the Franco-Bavarian War, Otto von Bismarck led the creation of the Iron Pact, in which Austria and Germany allied with France against Bavaria and the Netherlands. The Iron Pact expanded to include Russia after it was defeated by Britannia and Greece in the Crimean War.

Prelude

In 1908, Austria-Hungary annexed the territories of Bosnia and Herzegovina. This angered the Kingdom of Serbia and its patron, the Kingdom of Greece. This led to a month of diplomatic manouvering called the July Crisis. It resulted in Serbia declaring war on Austria-Hungary, who responded in kind. Shortly after, Greece began to mobilize against Austria-Hungary, followed by Russia threatening war if Greece attacked. When Greece joined Serbia, Russia declared a state of war against Greece. Germany was initially reluctant to declare war, but when the Netherlands joined Greece, Germany declared war against the Netherlands, followed by France. Britannia then declared war on France and Germany, officially starting the Great War.

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