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The Great South American War, also known as the Great War, was the pinnacle of the Argentine-Brazilian Cold war in which the Argentinian, and Brazilian spheres of influence came into full conflict with each other. Following decades of issues between the two countries and Argentina's ever-growing Fascist government. When Brazil's main oil supplier, Venezuela, had its main oil derricks destroyed by a Radical political group, the Nation was pushed into a major issue in which its economy was coming close to not being able to run.
With this the Argentinians seeing Brazil's perceived vulnerability rallied its allies and began a full scale war throughout the continent to wipe out Brazilian influence for good. The War began in January of 1986 and ended in March of 1987 and formally ended most if not all hostilities between the two Blocs and was the first known usage of the new Kinetic Weapons system.
The War had a myriad of causes most of which deal with the conflicting influences between Argentina and Brazil. With the mutual ban on developing any nuclear weapons and the concurrent advancements in new conventional technologies, the Two nations had essentially embarked on a new conventional arms race which increased tensions significantly between both nations. With these developments as well as Brazil's increasing international influence in stark contrast to Argentina's waning international influence, The Argentinians were absolutely desperate in maintaining themselves for the Future.
With a Cold war enduring for just under 30 years it looked to the world as if the two nations which had signed a series of peace accords, were finally ending their conflict of interests and were progressing to the full and final end of the conflict. However, when Brazil's military sector spurred on by the Engesa industries new production of weaponry and the Argentinian governments acquisition of more modern equipment from other nations, the Tensions once again flared up with Argentina attempting to look like the victim of Aggression.
By 1985 the Brazilians were beginning to gain the upper hand against the Argentinians with New Brazilian Main Battle Tank, outperforming most if not all of the Argentinian counterparts. By 1986, however, this became irrelevant with the Venezuelan oil production being crippled and Brazil's ability to use its armored vehicles essentially cut by 50 to 60%
Brazilian oil crisis
With the outright collapse of Venezuelan oil industry from a massive revolutionary attack on the field Venezuela was expected to lose much of its production for almost six months with little to no ability to make up the shortfalls. With other options available but the wanting to maintain influence over Venezuela, Brazil made the major mistake of not attempting to seek out major alternatives expecting with Brazilian Support the oil fields being reactivated after just one month.
With this not being the Case the Argentinians began to build up nearly two months into the crisis planning on seizing Brazil's most populous and economical areas before the crisis was resolved. This buildup went unnoticed by the Brazilian government with their own military attempting to fight social unrest, and gas shortages. While a buildup was indeed happening the Argentinians could not easily get their own allies to organize in an expedient fashion impeding the invasion until the almost five month mark just one month before the Oil Crisis was to be fully fixed.
By January of 1986 the forces of Argentina and her major allies were set to make their full intent known and declared war on Brazil and her allies. The Invasion began in earnest and while initially successful was impeded by bad leadership, the terrain, and poor logistical planning which allowed for the various Brazilian aligned nations to get their military forces arrayed against Argentina and her allies.
Operation Infamy was the first initial stages of Argentina's planned invasion of the rest of South America with its allies. The Operation was to be carried out between two separate fronts with the eventual opening up of a third front by nearly 6 Field armies of the invading nations with various other divisions and armies of smaller size to seize periphery objectives. Initially Argentina, Paraguay, and Uruguay, and to a degree Bolivia, would launch a series of Major offensives into Southern and South-Western Brazil with the nearly 8 Armored Divisions and 22 Infantry divisions at first following by a wider action to encircle any defending forces and procede from there consisting of the rest of the forces. . Along with this Bolivia would seize the other part of its country (aligned with Brazil) and then join up with an encirclement operation of Brasilia which was lightly defended by only 50,000 troops with smaller forces of 20,000 and 30,000 nearby conducting training. Simultaneously Bolivian, Peruvian, and and Argentinian troops would make another assault north into Ecuador and southern Colombia intent on wiping out northern Resistance and turning to invade and take the Amazonian areas of Brazil and continue the push east distracting enough forces to allow the much more numerous Southern forces to end the sieges of particular cities using the 5th and 6th Field Armies. With Brasilia, Rio de Janeiro and various other larger southern cities under control, Brazil would then be bled dry without the full access to its resources and the seizure of its most dynamic economic areas.
The Operation while definitively going as planned in the South for quite some time began to stall out around 8 months in. In the South Argentina and its allies seized the initiative and had taken over 70% of Rio de Janeiro and was making its push towards taking the capital of Brasilia and other major towns and cities. However when Bolivian forces encircled and began the assault on Brasilia, the Brazilian armed forces had established defenses that the Argentinians and their allies were completely unprepared to face. nearly 100,000 Brazilian troops alone were fighting block by block for areas of the city and had rationed their fuel allowing for Brazil's Osorio Main Battle tank to be used in multiple powerful counter attacks which saved huge portions of the industrial and business sectors of the city. Finally, when Venezuela's oil finally started to hit the battlefield again, the Siege of Brasilia was lightly broken and the 100,000 troops having been holding out for almost 4 months by this point, were resupplied. The force now leveled to about 80,000 strong from the fighting led a counterattack which marked the failure of Operation Infamy in the Southern theater.
While the most iconic battle of the opening stages of Infame Brasilia was one of the only initial successes as cities like Rio De Janeiro falling and Argentinian and its own allies forces making it almost to Recife before stalling out from overstretched Supply lines. The Battle of Recife turned into the most desperate armored conflict of the war, as Brazilian forces caught entirely off guard were rationing their fuel and vehicles for an engagement on their own terms. When the 23rd and 27th Armored Divisions finally committed to an engagement their total strength was much less than the Coalition presented before them and they did their best to hold the engagement outside of the city. However in an unexpected twist a Brazilian Carrier fresh off an escape from Rio, one of the only carriers docked, had managed to escape hunting naval groups in the south alone and rendezvoused with ships that had organized to carry out an amphibious counter offensive. The Carrier Libertad, meeting up with ships then took command of the fleet and began to fly large scale overwatch of the battle providing massive amounts of air support preventing the battle from managing to close on the city. By the middle of the Battle Brazilian forces fresh off a failed engagement hoping for respite in Recife managed blundered into the large Argentinian force, and reluctantly engaged supporting the dwindling 23rd and 27th armored divisions. Most Notably, the 13th Mechanized Division supported by a single infantry division, and two more armored division did some of the most damage to Coalition forces through the battle managing to separate main units from supply trucks, and the Brazilian getting dangerously close to Coalition generals. The Battle was decidedly called off as the Argentinian coalition forces decided to retreat to a more easily supplyable location south and set up a light defensive line until the Forces in Brasilia pushed through to reinforce them from the West.
Along with this a very small but pitched battle took place in Southern Brazil in the province of Rio Grande do Sul in which the Special forces particularly the Navy and marines "Espada" special forces managed to wage an effective and powerful counterattack. With Evacuation not an option and Vehicles limited to the few forces the 82nd Espada Regiment using more effective tactics as well as draw in maneuvers began to take back key armories in the area and free Prisoners being marched South. After just a month of this the Espadas had saved nearly 20,000 soldiers and with major Armories secure as well as Coalition forces not wanting to go anywhere near their area of operations because of their effectiveness the Breakout of Sul began in which the Espada led military unit (now rearmed fully) worked its way up the coast attempting to find friendly units but kept running into Coalition forces. By this point however the forces managed to work their way down to the coast and began receiving regular supplies and months later after holding out heavily even received re-inforcement. Their efforts in the Breakout of Sul while not known for its major amount of casualties was known for setting up Brazilian counterattacks all throughout the South and Served as a staging point for aircraft eventually leading to the Collapse of Argentina's invasion of Brazil. The 82nd definitively turned the war in Brazil's favor with its special forces warfare and eventual liberation of prisoners totally almost 12,000 coalition casualties and major disruptions to supply lines running through the area.
In the North, however, the operation was doomed from the beginning, Peru leading the operation was given the objective of invading and seizing Ecuador and Southern Colombia. However in an unexpected Twist the Brazilians did not field any resistance, and instead had allowed Venezuelan troops to fill in their gap. The Peruvian forces confident in their abilities and allies went along with it anyways. Peru and her allied forces crossed the borders on February 17th 1986 and only advanced a few km inland before meeting Venezuelan and Colombian forces and the much smaller Ecuadorian forces. The Peruvians while initially successful against Colombian and Ecuadorian units, were extremely surprised when the Venezuelan army refused to budge, taking a large amount of casualties. The Venezuelans enduring this onslaught in a 2 week battle known as the Debacle at Tumaco (Peruvian forces had nearly fully taken Southern Colombia, and almost all of Ecuador at this point) turned the battle around with the prime use of their special forces. The Venezuelan Special forces, highly trained to the point they were on par with Brazil's "Espadas" were used to definitively demoralize troops, kill off leaders, and in some cases used as shock infantry during the battle. The Battle ended with a notable 20,000 Venezuelan casualties and nearly 80,000 Peru and allied casualties. The Northern Theatre then outright collapsed with units from all sides falling back expediently to the Peruvian Border establishing a defensive line.
Operation Southern Strike
With this conflict going on the Brazilians had now devised multiple counterattacks. The first of which was the invasion of Peru, and the Amphibious retaking of Rio De Janeiro. However when intelligence rumored Argentina had brought nearly 600,000 troops from its reserves up for their own counterattack forming the 12th Field Army. the Brazilians decided that now, nearly a year into the conflict that this war should finally end. The Plan was to have Venezuelan and Colombian troops, invade Peru, with the Venezuelan navy also making landings in the Argentine-Chile regions seizing the coastal cities alongside Brazilian naval power. Next the Brazilians themselves would push out from the north down south and retake Brasilia in full (mop up) take back Rio de Janeiro (amphibious landings) and then make a large two pronged attacked down through the south to take out Paraguay, Uruguay, and make set up on the Seizure of Buenos Aires, the Argentine capital. The plan also highly called for Brazil and her allies large scale ability to take down the Argentinian front before her re-inforcements prolonged the war by almost another year by establishing a static defensive line along in Uruguay. This called for nearly three field Armies which in turn led to the usage of nearly 1.3 million active troops in the assault down down, with various other smaller forces in Division size seizing other objectives and a large force of about 100,000 composed of ten smaller divisions attempting to retake Rio de Janeiro.
All out Counterattack
The Beginning of the Operations was marked by quick gains by Brazilian and other allied forces all across the board. Northern Peru became a deathtrap for the Peruvian military, with the Colombians and their 12th, and 5th armies proving their worth by encircling and wiping out Peruvian troops in the tens of thousands nearly wiping out or capturing nearly 13 divisions in the span of a few weeks. the Venezuelans managed to keep various groups of Bolivians and Argentinian elements away from the main battle with a large Airborne operation by the 51st Airborne division and 93rd Airborne Division making dangerous and daring attacks that not even Brazil knew the country could enact. Crazily enough the Venezuelan troops of their own 7th army even managed to push into Bolivia with the 113th Armored Division led by Simon Santiago inflicting devastating casualties.
At this point Argentina was pulling out of the Area having an Amphibious landing at Arica Harbour on its hands and the heavy damaging of two of its fleet carriers, leaving Peru and Bolivia to fight on their own. About a month into the operation with Paraguay having officially surrendering and opening its borders to Brazilian troops Argentinian troops began preparing for the worst. However the Reserve force now having been deployed as the 12th Field army, consisting of nearly 60 divisions, began enacting huge reversals on Brazilian troops threatening to leave the assault on Buenos Aires highly exposed. However Brazil finally considered its last option to end the war quickly and High Command launched its new Superweapon against the 12th Field army leveling most of it. At this point Argentinian high command made the official decision to end the borderline dictatorship in office and holding the country hostage and using its special forces captured President Reynaldo Bignone and put Carlos Menem in temporary power until Elections found him to be the true president less than six months later.
Operation "Southern Strike" was nearing collapse as Brazilians thought as their main offensive to Buenos Aires was considered highly exposed and no general was willing to take the operation in full. This left the government with one option left, and that was to completely destroy the Argentinian Field army which was working to prolong the war and present another mass reversal of Brazilian forces back into Brazilian territory. However, a general made option open that Brazil's new WMD was open for use against the Argentinian force. With this the government fully considered it and in the end of February decided that the Kinetic Weapon known as "Matador" would be deployed against the Argentinian field army. On February 25th the Brazilians deployed its new weapon openly and outright destroyed the Field army leaving nearly 500,000 estimated dead (disputed). The Argentinians officially surrendered less than 25 hours later having no way to fight weapons of the sort, and seeing nearly an entire field army completely disappear in their home territory.
The Brasilia peace accords were set up days later with Argentina now officially recognizing a cease fire, (while truthfully she had unconditionally surrendered.) The Peace while widely fought by Argentina to maintain her influence was outright denied by Brazilian hardliners. With this though Argentina continued to fight back asking not to be treated like a failed nation, in this the more moderates stepped up and created a peace. However, back in Argentina the hardliner government had been completely replaced and a totally new delegation was sent replacing the current Argentinian one.
The New Delegation, much more moderate began conceding things left and right and even helped come up with the idea of creating a continent spanning organization that was meant to prevent more issues like this. Thus the South American Union became born out of this situation as well, and many old issues were quickly forgiven as the organization began to take shape. However the organization would not fully make its well known global debut until a few years after its inception and during the 90's in which it rose to prominence.
The War is considered to be the end of all major military hostilities on the continent and the true beginning of peace ever since the Yellowstone eruption, having gone through the post-eruption chaos, the near collapse of the United States to the north, the Dynamic rises of both Brazil and Argentina, and the various rebellions and jockeying for influence, the nations of the continent were truly all at peace with one another for the first time since just before the Great Depression. The War while ending rather abruptly and brutally for the Argentinians for that matter was considered a major victory in the subject of cultural politics as well as Brazil, a quite different culture compared to Argentina and its allies, which had come to mix the cultures to a major degree of itself and its allies, did not treat Argentina like a conquered enemy and in fact worked closely with the newly Re-Democratized Argentinian government on a plan for helping the families of the deceased, major military cooperation, the putting down of post-war rebel groups unhappy with the outcome, and all and all preventing South America from turning into a group of countries brutally run by a singular superpower.
In the proceeding years just after the conflict Argentinian economy began to climb back up after reaching a major recession (which is rumoured to be a major cause of the war) and in turn led to Brazil and Argentina beginning a program of turning the entire continent into a group of the worlds strongest economies which was eventually joined by Venezuela as well. This project ended up in a grouping of new laws for the South American Union named the Joint Economic Laws which gradually enacted its own currency to countries economically ready, gave good exchange rates to countries still developing, and was a major economic project which for the first time ever had all the nations on the continent working in close union with each other. The Major militarized nations even for the first time put down military spending in major favor of economic development spending for itself and its allies as well as major economic integration between all the SAU member nations. By the late 90's (1999) the process had largely been completed with Colombia one of the continents most populous nations being the last to pull itself into the full Currency union known as the Sauro.
The Peace has been largely beneficial to the Continent and has efficiently worked to end major cultural blocs between nations, and settle age old disputes such as the Bolivian dispute with Chile over a coastline, which eventually led to a Jointly administered area around the newly massive port of Arica Harbour, between the two nations. Along with this a greater cultural union has begun to emerge from the conflict due to Brazil's treatment of the defeated Argentina and its allies. The Brazilians instead of turning Argentina and its allies into a massive economic zone, worked towards improving their governmental structures, the efficiency of their industries, and the removal of Ultranationalistic corruption in the various countries. This also led to massive economic investment which less than five years later had started the rise of large jointly owned companies which began to further unify the continent. As a Result of the Great War, the South American Continent has become a much more fully integrated continent, with nearly every nations maintaining a first class economy and if not, close to achieving said goal. The SAU has also begun its spread up through Central America adapting heavily to the largely similar hispanic culture and beginning to gladly integrate it with nations such as Panama.