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Great Fort of Bonjol (Earth With Sumatera)

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The Great Fort of Bonjol is the Padri (later Kingdom of Sumatera) fort which stands in Batusanggkar, Padang, Sumatera.

History

Bonjol fort situated on Bonjol fort situated on a hill, known as the Hill Tajadi . Not so far from this fort flowing Trunk Alahan Panjang, a river in the middle of the valley with a rushing stream , winding from north to south . The fort is a long rectangular , three sides surrounded by two layers of defense wall approximately 3 meters tall . In between the two layers of the wall made ​​a deep trench with a width of 4 meters . The outer walls consist of large rocks with the technique of making almost the same as the castles in Europe and in the long spiny bamboo planted it planted very close together they can be observed even Padri The cannons to the Dutch troops . Shrubs and very dense forest around Bonjol make fortifications The Padri is not easy to be seen by Dutch troops . This condition is put to good use by the Tribe Padri to build strategic fortifications , as well as a major headquarters Tuanku Imam Bonjol .  that is almost perpendicular to the top of H , known as the Hill Tajadi . Not so far from this fort flowing Trunk Alahan Panjang, a river in the middle of the valley with a rushing stream , winding from north to south . The fort is a long rectangular , three sides surrounded by two layers of defense wall approximately 3 meters tall . In between the two layers of the wall made ​​a deep trench with a width of 4 meters . The outer walls consist of large rocks with the technique of making almost the same as the castles in Europe and in the long spiny bamboo planted it planted very close together they can be observed even Padri The cannons to the Dutch troops .

Shrubs and very dense forest around Bonjol make fortifications The Padri is not easy to be seen by Dutch troops . This condition is put to good use by the Tribe Padri to build strategic fortifications , as well as a major headquarters Tuanku Imam Bonjol

on December 3, 1836, Dutch troops returned to a massive attack against the Fort, as a last attempt to conquest Bonjol. This powerful attack is able to break down most of the Fort Bonjol, so it can enter the Dutch troops invaded and killed several family Tuanku Imam Bonjol. But with persistence and high morale Tribe Padri back successfully devastated the enemy so that the Dutch were expelled and forced back out of the castle by leaving a lot of casualties in each party.

Attack the bumpy and a barrage of bullets and artillery rain armed with big guns, for about 6 months, as well as infantry and cavalry continued to arrive. On August 3, 1837, led by Lieutenant Colonel Michiels as a field commander began gradually master the situation, and finally on the date of August 15, 1837, Hill Tajadi fall, and on August 16, 1837 The Netherland Surrender to Padri.

After The Kingdom was Formed, The Building used by Imperial Army to becoming the major Headquarter and Base in Padang until 1900, when the Base replaced to Brunei Islamic City and Surabaya and now abandoned.

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