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The Second American Civil War, or Great American Civil War, began on 14 April 1934, when Nationalist rebel military forces conducted simultaneous raids throughout the continental United States against President Franklin D. Roosevelt's Constitutionalist Armies. The skirmishes and raids of April 1934 quickly degenerated into various stages between the combined forces of the Nationalist army and right wing Conservative-Fascist party militia, and the Constitutionalist bureaucracy of President Roosevelt and the various "left wing, Socialist-Communist" militia armies supporting his coalition regime, later to become the new United American Army.
The Second American Civil War was fought until the 22nd of October 1937 when a ceasefire was called between both sides though sporadic fighting continued until 1940, following the signing of the Chicago Peace Accords which ended most large scale armed conflict on the North American territory until the Second World War (1939-1949). The US Civil War caused terrific destruction and death in the mostly isolated regions which it was fought in. The conflict is most notable for splitting America into three separate nations until after 1937 and beyond, when the Nationalist rebel regime fell and was re-conquered by the Constitutionalist Armies.
Background, Causes and Prelude to Second American Civil War
The prelude to Second American Civil War was born out of the almost five year old economic and political crisis of the Great Depression 1929-1934. Unable to stop the decay of rural America, the propagation of dissonant groups, and with that growing violence (politically and criminally motivated) on the streets of every major American city by Spring 1934, support faltered in many parts of America for President Roosevelt’s government, and the United States virtually collapsed under a wave of populist and reactionary movements.
Nationalist sentiment had remained high in America from the early 1920's into 1930 amongst an overwhelming majority of upper class and upper middle class families of the West and Midwest, centered around the economic gains of the Old West.
On the 22nd of January 1934, war between Nationalist army rebels and the Constitutionalist Regular Army was made even more likely when reactionary Army commanders met and drafted a joint resolution to rise in revolt against the policies of President Roosevelt and what they considered Marxist-Leninist "Red" influence. The Nationalists sought to gain power and defeat Roosevelt through a strictly military based coup, they considered themselves merely a great political awakening behind the legitimate military force of America (the Nationalist Army) just as their de facto head of state Henry Ford may have argued. Their population centers were based in the West and the Southwest based mainly in Texas, California, Colorado, Montana, etc. and also from the Pacific Northwest excluding the Christian Fascist Republic's territory.
Besides commandeered US equipment there was strong financial and political support for the Nationalist cause through American industrialists and upper-echelon businessmen scattered throughout North America and Asia. This includes early armaments from Mauser of Germany and from Japanese stockpiles from the Mainland and from occupied Korea and China.
Fascism emerges in America before the start of the Second Civil War in response to the perceived threat of Bolshevism and the political rise of Roosevelt and his Cabinet. William Dudley Pelley emerges with a strong will and even stronger resolve creating the Silver Legion on the 31st of January 1933. Within two years his Christian Party and corresponding Silver Shirts are close to three million strong and have so much power in the Pacific Northwest that those unsympathetic to the party have all but abandoned the state of Washington, where Führer Pelley held court from 1930-1940.
In October of 1935, with the Nationalists crushing weak opposition to their offensives East, Pelley gains power over the states of Washington, Oregon, and Idaho and creates his version of a Christian Fascist utopia known as the Christian Fascist Republic. Shortly after their independence they gain recognition from Imperial Japan. In 1937 Germany and Italy recognize the CFR and an unlikely country emerges on the North American continent from the chaos of the Second American Civil War.
The actual beginning of the Civil War is murky as both sides claim to have acted in self-defense when the pitched battles of 1934 begin. The Nationalists point to Roosevelt’s recognition of the Soviet Union in 1933 as part of the causation while the military and political figureheads maintain their right to rebel against tyrannical foreign rule as many Nationalist leaders insist on Roosevelt’s subservience to the leadership in Moscow.
The Constitutionalist leadership with Roosevelt, Vice President John N. Garner, and Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau amongst other at its head, quickly moves to consolidate power in the remaining states under United States military control and they call on those loyal Americans under Nationalist rebel occupied territory to flee or rise in rebellion. This proclamation, issued by radio on 4 April 1934 and entitled "A Call to the Free peoples of America" was instrumental in the two sides clashing in the large battles during the campaigns of 1934-December 1935.
Later under President Roosevelt's decree, his power and the power of his councils; the Cabinet, Senate, and Congress, forms with the American Military Commissars. Immediately this new coalition formulates social welfare and economic reform in preparation for total war with the Nationalist rebels. Though no official name change is made, this new government becomes known as the New United States of America (NUSA). Since their recognition of the Soviet Union, Roosevelt's administration had become diplomatically and economically much closer to the Soviet Republics in the East. In 1935 sufficient War Aid and a small Soviet task force are sent to Bolster the fast growing new United American Army.
At the outset of the conflict, the American government under President Roosevelt drafts and creates a new United American Army, consisting of mostly regular military personnel from the Eastern seaboard and the newest recruits of the Citizens Army. The mobilization and transfer of troops to the front line by both sides, stretching from the Great Lakes to Tennessee begins the armed struggle of the Second American Civil War, alternatively titled the US Civil War by some historians or the Great Civil War by others.
Constitutionalist, NUSA (Consti's) Army-All forces under the direct or relegated command of President Roosevelt and the Senate/Congress of Fortress Washington D.C. Comprised of mostly Eastern and Southeastern United States Army and Marine personnel, Roosevelt and the Constitionalists also have control over almost all of the American Naval and Merchant Marine forces.
Their air force has grown throughout the conflict and in 36', and 37' their Soviet made fighters outperform the mostly antiquated World War I planes of the rebels. Retention of all the nation's military academies has made the NUSA army a very efficient fighting from which begins in 1936 and ends in 1938.
NUSA Command is structured on Roosevelt's policy, subservient to official Senate Decree, which is subservient to the Military Commissars directive of 1936.
- A regular army that stands at about 500,000 well equipped and trained front line troops. They are Equipped and train with surplus WWI American and Russian weapons.
- A sophisticated Air Wing comprised of attack, defense, and reconnaissance squadrons established by the Military Commissars directive of '36 By 1937 it uses the best warplanes of American and Soviet design.
- Advanced and modern Naval Fleet stationed throughout the Atlantic and in the Pacific at Hawaii.
- By 1936 a sophisticated intelligence network dedicated to internal security and Spy networks under the FBI's directive.
Nationalist (Nats') Army- All regular army Nationalist forces in the field and who occupied former United States territory were considered rebels, outlaws, and traitors by National Laws until 1939 following a General Pardon. During the Great Civil War Led by Generals from the World War but also by younger commanders of the inter-war period they use armored technology to increasing effectiveness during the Civil War. This army fights for fought and arguably at the behest of the Nationalist elite financial/industrial and military leadership predominate on the West Coast.
The Joint Command of the Nationalist military is structured by seniority and financial backing
- The Nationalist forces infantry numbers in excess of 300,000 men. They are trained well but suffer from a lack of supplies, munitions, and modern weaponry. What good weapons they had were in the hands of the more skilled battalions of the older pre-World War I generals.
- The armored divisions of the Nationalists are some of the best in the world at this time led by Lt. General George Patton they have around 25,000 men and use 20,000 armored cars and tanks of American, British, and French design, and increasingly high numbers of German Panzertanks by 1936 and 1937.
- They utilize a small efficient Nationalist Air Corps lead by General Billy Mitchell until his death in combat in 1936. After the Vice Marshall's death the German Luftwaffe allows one hundred or so Germans to fly for the Nationalists in preparation for their assaults on Pittsburgh, Memphis, Chicago, and Indianapolis in the spring/summer of 1937.
- A small seemingly phantom trade and escort service comprise the Nationalist Naval Forces. Strong evidence points to Japanese involvement and supply and tonnage transport up until the end of the conflict in 1937. At least 27 loaned German U-Boats of unknown vintage were active in the Pacific and off the coast of the Carolinas from 1935-1937 and they caused over one million pounds of tonnage to sink.
Red Army Expeditionary Force- 25,000 strong the RAEF fought in America to support Roosevelt's government and to aid in the training and buildup of the new USA armed forces. Their arrival in 1935 upset the balance of power between the two sides, eventually threatening to involve many other European nations. They fielded small armor cores and an air wing in support of their USA comrades who were stationed on the Ford Salient. RAEF withdraws completely in August of 1937.
Citizens Army- Volunteer and conscripted forces comprised of civilians with only basic military training. Some bring their own weapons while others are given surplus World War I, and later Russian weapons as pay. They guard and bolster the defences of the Southern United States and protect the Eastern Port cities. This force is predominantly infantry but fields smaller numbers of horse and mechanized cavalry for patrols at the front during '36-37.
Several other Factions who's forces often operate independently include:
Silver Legion, The Silver Legions are the military forces of the independent Christian Fascist Republic, a territory within what was Nationalist controlled territory which was eventually been recognized by Germany, Italy, and the Empire of Japan as Fascist enclave in America.
The Silver Legion fought all over America in organized cadres sporadically before the CFR-NUSA War. They also had cells organized to spread terror & dissonance in the Northeast and East of the New United States as well though these groups ceased to operate in 1939.
- A force of just under 800,000 "peasant, soldier-citizens" who stand vigilant on their farms or factory floors according to Pelley. They are equipped with surplus Imperial German weapons.
- The Silver Shirts, by 1937 they numbered 355,000 and before the start of the CFR-NUSA War of 1942, Silver Legion armed forces numbered over 200,000 highly trained and fanatic troops. They operated in the Civil War as a paramilitary force on the Border with Nationalist held American territory as well as in NUSA territory itself. Equipped with surplus American and German equipment from the Great War.
Post Master's Legions: Military brigades of postal workers, civil servants, or vagabonds forced into military service for NUSA on the directive of Postmaster General James Farley. They suffer over 90% casualty rates throughout every major campaign of the War from 1935-1937.
Southern Brigades: Informal military commands of Confederate revivalists who waged an unsuccessful campaign to the South of Washington D.C. in Virginia, Tennessee, Alabama, and Georgia predominately from April 1936 to December 1937. Many fought for different goals but were united by their desire to form an independent Confederate style state. Red militia were eventually employed to suppress this guerrilla campaign from 1937-1940.
Red Brigades: Loosely formed militias and companies of inspired by Leninism, Trotskyism, and Bolshevik Communism. Also known as Red militia guerrillas. They are outfitted with spare Soviet supplies from the stockpiles of Fortress Washington DC.
Texas Rangers: Columns of former soldiers and police officers only loyal to Texas who fought the NUSA Army in Texas, Oklahoma, and Arizona, but who were also continually at odds with the Draconian policies of the Nationalist Army leading to major confrontations by the end of the War in 1937.
Army of Vigilance: Reactionary civilian army who supports the Nationalist cause. They are dressed in civilian attire and use whatever weapons available. Most active in Michigan, Ohio, Kentucky, and Tennessee.
Course and Aftermath of the Conflict
After the Nationalist uprising of 1934 the incursions East by the Northern and Southern Nationalist American Army or the NAA, rapidly deployed and brought two equal Army commands into field for a campaign into the East. The First Army in a march on the South, through Tennessee, and the Second Army other through the Midwest, concentrated mostly in Indiana and Illinois. The first notable actions of the war coming from General Patton.
In this early stage the Nationalists deployed World War I vintage tanks, armored cars, fighter planes, and mass infantry movements as shock units, to surprise and bloody the larger and numerically superior Constitionalist armies. Deployments of troops from encampments in Kansas City, Texas, and the Illinois/Indiana Front initial stagger the United States Army. In May 1935 Detroit was taken by the Nationalist Army and they would soon after begin a siege of Chicago.
As the summer of the 1935 began Nationalist Army momentum and military successes had gained considerable territory at a staggering loss of life to the USA armies as they steadily drew closer to the Mississippi River. October-December mark the turning point in the Southern campaign with the fall of New Orleans, and later General Smedley Butler's battering of the Nationalist's Southern Army.