Großherzogtum Hessen und bei Rhein (German)
Grand Duchy of Hesse and by Rhine
State of the German Empire (1871-1991)
Flag of Hesse.png
1806–1991 Flag of Hesse.png
Flagge Großherzogtum Hessen ohne Wappen.svg Wappen Deutsches Reich - Grossherzogtum Hessen-LF.png
Flag Coat of arms
NGW Hesse.png
Hesse in the German Empire, in 1952
Capital Darmstadt
Official language German,
Religion Catholicism, Protestant
Government Constitutional Monarchy
Grand Dukes
 - 1806-1830 Louis I (First)
 - 1892-1918 Ernest Louis
 - 1918-1937 Georg
 - 1937-1968 Louis V
 - 1968-1980 Philipp
 - 1980-1991 Mortiz (Last)
 - Established 1806
 - Disestablished 1991
Currency Papiermark (1914-1938)
Reichsmark (until 1991)

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