The Governor of Nova Scotia is the chief executive of the state of Nova Scotia. He has the power to veto legislation sent by the Legislature of Nova Scotia, is the commander-in-chief of the Nova Scotia National Guard and the Nova Scotia State Police Division (NSSP) and appoints the heads of state departments and state judges, as well as all state row officers, making the Governor of Nova Scotia among the most powerful governorships in the country. The Governor's office is in the Nova Scotia State Capitol in Halifax and he is eligible to reside at the Stanfield House across the street. In case of a vacancy in the event of a resignation or death, the Governor is succeeded by the President of the Nova Scotia Senate until the end of his constitutionally mandated term. This provision has only come into effect once, after the death of Angus MacDonald in 1954.

The current Governor of Nova Scotia is Dominic LeBlanc, who has served since January 1, 2017.

List of Governors of Nova Scotia

Name Portrait Term Party Notes
Robert Borden 1901-1909 Democrat Later US President 1913-1917
George William Grafton 1909-1917 National
Robert Kick 1917-1925 National
James Callahan 1925-1933 Democrat
Angus L. McDonald 1933 - 1941 Democrat First two terms
William Logan Brown 1941-1949 National
Angus L. McDonald 1949 - April 13, 1954 Democrat Second two terms; died in office
Harold Connolly (acting) April 13, 1954 - April 20, 1954 Democrat President pro tem of the Senate; Acting Governor for 7 days after death of Angus L. McDonald
Henry Hicks April 20, 1954 - January 1957 Democrat President of the Senate, succeeded to office upon death of Angus McDonald
Robert Stanfield 1957-1965 National Elected US Senator (1965-1989)
Hédard Robichaud 1965-1973 Democrat Previously US Representative for Nova Scotia's 1st District (1949-1965); later US Senator (1973-1985), succeeded as both Governor and Senator by Gerald Regan
Gerald Regan 1973-1981 Democrat Formerly Attorney General of Nova Scotia; Succeeded Hédard Robichaud as both Governor and US Senator (1985-1997)
John Buchanan 1981-1989 National Later elected US Senator, 1989-2001
Ed Kapinski 1989-1993 Democrat Former Mayor of Halifax
John Hamm 1993-2001 National
Gerald Keddy 2001-2009 National US Representative for Nova Scotia's 3rd District, 1995-2001
Shawn Graham 2009-2017 Democrat Son of former Speaker of the Nova Scotia House Alan Graham
Dominic LeBlanc January 2017 - present Democrat Son of former US Representative Romeo LeBlanc