The Greater German Confederation (German: Großdeutsches Bund) is a nation on Central Europe. It was founded when the Großdeutschland option for the unification of Germany was chosen over the Kleindeutschland one. The third most populated nation on Europe, Germany has almost 100,000,000 inhabitants as of 2010. It has one of the richest economies of the world, although being defeated on the First World War (1912-1919). However, it won World War II (1937-1946) and was one of the main causers for the independence of Italy from the United Kingdom of Iberia and Italy.
In 1600, the Ibero-Italian Union was the strongest nation in all of the world. The Iberians, although not a part of the Holy Roman Empire to full extent, had a personal union with Austria, and believed that a strong ally to the north of Italy would be preferable than a mix of small, friendly nations. So the Iberians started campaigns for the Unification of Germany. Preferring the "Großdeutsches" option to the "Kleindeutsches" one, as the Kleindeutsches would give them a mostly Protestant nation, the Großdeutsches option was finally elected in 1640. Ferdinand III declared the Greater German Confederation and officially disbanded the Holy Roman Empire.
However, Germany had been originally unified as a very racist nation, which thought in ideals of racial German superiority. This would be a foreshadowing of later, more horrific ways of racism that would occur on northern Germany, especially in the nations around the Baltic Sea, in the mid- and late XX century. Although the ideals of ethnic superiority were repulsed with the Confederational Law of 1655, by then Istria, Dalmatia, Hungary, Bohemia-Moravia, Tirol, and the Balkans didn't feel as part of the German Confederation, and seceded from the Confederation. This cut the Confederation's territory in more than half.
The XVIII Century
In 1727, at the death of King of the Confederation Georg Ludwig of Hannover and the abdication of his son Georg August, who decided only to stay with the Electorate of Hannover (which had maintained it's title of electorate even though the Holy Roman Empire didn't exist anymore), the two nations pretending to the throne of the Confederation, Prussia and Austria, entered in civil war, dragging the rest of the confederation after themselves. Both claimed the right to the throne for their respective nations, members of the Confederation. This war ended in an Austrian victory with a compromise. The Austrian Archduke would become the head of state, but the Prince of Prussia would be the second at command.
The Greater German Confederation continued being an essential part of European politics during all the Early Modern Age. It created three main colonies: German North America (OTL Quebec), German Asia (OTL Iran) and German Africa (OTL French Morocco). Although the empire was insignificant compared to the gigantic behemoth of Iberia-Italy, it still was a powerful empire, and it's troops weren't so overextended.
Hate between Iberia-Italy and Germany led to the Seven Years War, which confronted Iberia-Italy and France against Germany. Georg III of Hannover had led the war, being a German tradition since it's unification allowing the Electorate of Hannover to manage diplomacy in behalf of Germany as a whole. This drove Georg mad and Georg IV ascended as a regent of Hannover (and leader of German diplomacy) since 1782 (the year the Seven Years War was lost) until Georg III's mysterious death twenty years later.
The XIX Century
Georg IV died on Hannover in 1820, and was followed by one-year old Victoria as Elector of Hannover. When Victoria became 20, she immediately took charge of Hannover, and later, staging a coup d'etat, took over all of the Confederation, executing Frederick William I of Prussia, and Franz Joseph I of Austria. Victoria's reign was a revival of German power, and by 1830, the Germans had colonized some new territories. These were:
- German Africa (OTL Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, and Namibia)
- German America (the OTL Falkland Islands)
- German East Indies (the whole New Guinea island).
Germany started the War of the North against Denmark and Sweden in 1850, and by the end of it the Germans fused both crowns as the Kingdom of Scandinavia, a German puppet state under Victoria's ten-year-old daughter of the same name.A new flag was also chosen for Germany during the Victorian age. The red stripe got darkened and placed directly under the black one, and the white (now at the bottom) was changed to gold. This is the modern flag of the German Confederation.
John of Saxony and Otto von Bismark ascended upon the throne on the same day (October 19, 1855), one as Chancellor of Germany (third in power in all of the Confederation) and other as the King of Saxony (fourth in power). This two men brought Germany to it's Golden Age (1857-1919). Under it, Germany modernized and enlarged it's army, until it became second in the world.In 1858, Germany went into war against France, after Germany claimed Alsace-Lorraine. Although a message had originally been given to the French, claiming the area for Germany as an ultimatum, the French had barely refused the message when the Germans took over Strasbourg, without even declaring war. The French armies, taken by surprise, routed out of Alsace-Lorraine. Much of Eastern France became unprotected as all of the French troops retreated onto two main regions: the area around Metz and the Île-de-France further west. This retreat left the Germans free to take over most of Alsace-Lorraine, which from then on would be known as Elsaß-Lothringen. The war ended in a crushing defeat for France, to the horror of Iberia-Italy, which by now had terrible relationships with the German Confederation. This war triggered the start of the Triple Alliance, between Iberia-Italy, France and Ireland. The Germans realized that in the case of a war with the Triple Alliance, they would almost certainly lose. Therefore, they created the Eastern Alliance (Germany, Poland-Lithuania, Scandinavia and the Russian Empire) so to defend themselves against a possible Allied attack.
The XX Century
Victoria died in a visit to Munich, Bavaria in 1901. Some think she was killed, as it is not sure why she did die. After her death, Wilhelm I of Germany ascended to the throne as the Prince of Prussia, while Franz Ferdinand of Austria ascended as the Archduke of Austria.
World War I
The First World War started when the assassination of Prince Ernst Heinrich of Saxony by a Bohemian nationalist from Sudetenland, that wanted this area to be annexed into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (which had recently reformed into the Kingdom of West Slavia). Although West Slavia was at the time part of the Eastern Alliance, German propaganda plus several misunderstandings brought Germany to declare war to England in 1913. England had a mutual protection pact with France, which joined.
France, Iberia-Italy and Ireland were allied, so the two later joined the war. Greece stayed neutral until the Germans decided to use the Hungarian lands as territories for their expansion. Hungary was neutral, but had a mutual protection pact with Greece, which joined the Allies in 1914. The Germans won land at first, then after the unsuccessful October Revolution in Russia (1917) forced most of the Eastern Alliance's troops to go help the royal government, lost land gigantically. In 1918, Ibero-Italian troops raised their flag over Berlin and the war was over. Iberia-Italy won a large swath of territory, while France recuperated Elsaß-Lothringen, and Greece got a small share of Russian territory in Crimea. This embittered the Germans, and led directly to the Second World War.
The Inter-War years
Austrian soldier and politician Adolf Hitler took over Germany in late 1934, and during its reign, the Greater German Confederation became the German Empire. He led the whole Empire during the inter-war years. He annexed the whole of Czechoslovakia in 1937 and in 1938, attacked the Kingdom of Poland, triggering World War II in December 19, 1938.
World War II
After World War II
After the German victory, Adolf Hitler became more eccentric and soon opened the secret histories of the Holocaust. Therefore, many of Hitler's closest people, led by William Patrick Hitler, defeated him in the Valhalla Revolt of 1946. At the end of it, Hitler was killed when he fell off a bridge in Treptow-Köpenick in East Berlin, and the Confederation was restored.
Germany is a very diverse region with high mountains, large rivers and many lakes, between others.
See main article: Administrative divisions of Germany
Germany is divided into three main territories. The first is North Germany. North Germany has ten Königreiche (German for Kingdoms). These are:
The second of the territories of Germany is Austria. Austria has six Herzogtum (German for Duchies). This are:
Finally, the third (and smallest) of the territories of Germany is Switzerland. Switzer
Farther south, there are more mountains in Germany. The Alps reach Vienna through the south and cross over all of Switzerland, while Bavaria and all of the German south has lower mountains that cover much of the territory. Northern Germany, however, is very flat, and so is the Netherlands. The Alps in the south prove to be the largest chain of mountains on Germany. The highest point in Germany is Monte Rossa, in its border with Italy. This mountain is 4634 meters (15,203 feet) tall.
The main German rivers are the Oder, the Elbe, the Rhine and the Danube. Three are in North German territory, while one (the Danube) is in Austria.
The Danube is Europe's second longest river, although not much of it is in Germany or Austria. It starts in the Black Forest in Southern Germany and crossing through Austria, quickly passes out of the way of the confederation.
The Oder stretches in a line covering the borders of south-eastern Prussia. It is relatively long, and crosses through Silesia before entering Bohemian territory and leaving Germany permanently.
66.1% of the Elbe river litoral, which also includes tributary rivers, is within Germany, which comes from rivers in north-east Germany. Later it moves south, where it takes the influx of many smaller rivers including the Vlatava that crosses Prague. Crossing into Germany, it goes through Dresden and Wittemberg, between others, before finally dropping in the North Sea, where Hamburg is located.
The Rhine river was once the frontier of the Agri Decumates of the Roman Empire, and later the one of the German Confederation, until the frontier moved until the Mosel River in the farthest west. The Rhine is an extremely important waterway in modern times.
GovernmentGermany is currently a constitutional federalist monarchy, which means that several monarchs exist with a central power binding them all. Although the first two positions are hereditary (Archduke of Austria and Prince of Prussia), the Chancellor of the German Confederation (currently Angela Merkel) is elected every two years. The fourth person in overall power is the King of Saxony.