German Democratic Republic
Deutsche Demokratische Republik
Timeline: One Union
Flag of Germany Coat of arms of East Germany
Flag Emblem

Proletarier aller Länder, vereinigt Euch! (German)
("Workers of the world, unite!")

Anthem "Auferstanden aus Ruinen"

"Risen from Ruins (English)"

(and largest city)
Language German
Demonym German
Government Marxist-Leninist single-party state
  legislature Volkshammer
General Secretary Wolfgang Schwanitz
President Egon Krenz
Chairman Hans Harich
Population 80,712,093 (2016 census) 
Currency Deutsche Mark
Internet TLD .de
Germany (German: Deutschland), officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR) (German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik or DDR), is a sovereign communist state located in central-western Europe. It rules over several districts and has over 80 million inhabitants, making Germany the second most populous state in the Warsaw Pact and third most populous country in the entirety of Europe. Its capital and largest city is Berlin.

Various Germanic tribes have occupied the northern parts of current Germany since classical antiquity. A region named Germania was documented before 100 AD. During the Migration Period the Germanic tribes expanded southward. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation. In 1871 most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire. After World War I and the German Revolution of 1918–1919, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic. The establishment of the national socialist dictatorship in 1933 led to World War II and systematic genocide. After the end of the war and the occupation of the country by Soviet forces, Germany gained nominal independence in the form of a communist state, but lost much of their pre-war territory.

After the establishment of the GDR, the ruling Socialist Unity Party consolidated power within the government, making the country more centralized. The economy became centrally-planned and increasingly state-owned. Although the GDR had to pay substantial war reparations to the USSR, it became the most successful economy in the Warsaw Pact and one of the most competitive economies in all of Europe. Germany was at the forefront of the Cold War, as its westernmost border was directly on the United Kingdom.

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