Germany (DE: Deutschland) is a federal republic in Europe, located in the Central European Time zone (GMT+1). It is home to over 142 million people.
Germany has seen a number of triumphs and tragedies over the years
Germany is a federal republic with 32 states of varying sizes and populations. Each is guaranteed 4 members of the Bundesrat, and at least 1 member in the Bundestag for every 40,000 people in the states.
The states are:
- East Prussia
- German Bohemia
- German Moravia
- Lower Austria
- Upper Austria
- West Prussia
The country of Germany holds a number of overseas territories which are part of the nation, whose citizens are German by nationality, and use the German Mark as currency.
- Caroline Islands
- German Guiana
- German Samoa
- Jiaozhou Bay concession
- Mascarene, Comoros, and South Indian Islands (OTL Reunion, Mayotte, Mauritius, Rodrigues, Saint Paul, Archipel Crozet, Archipel des Kerguelen, Terre Adélie, and Scattered Islands)
- Solomon Islands
- Tientsin concession
The German government consists of three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. The executive is headed by the President; the legislative consists of the bicameral Reichstag, which consists of the Bundestag and Bundesrat. The system is semi-presidential, having both a President, and a Chancellor (Prime Minister) operating at the same time. The cabinet is responsible to the legislature, who can force a recall with a vote of no confidence. The President is elected to a term of 6 years, and is eligible to re-election once.
The German legislature is composed of two houses in a bicameral body, with the Bundesrat representing the states, and the Bundestag representing the people. There are 4 representatives chosen by the state legislatures for six year terms, while members of the Bundestag are selected for 4 year terms.
The Bundesrat replaced the body of the same name from under the German Empire (1848-1941/5). Originally appointed by state governments just as today, the delegates of the original Bundesrat were usually high-ranking civil servants, whereas today they are chosen by the legislatures of the several states in Germany. Each member has one vote, and even amongst members from the same state, they could vote in different ways on issues. In the event of a vacancy, the Minister-Presidents of the states can appoint a replacement until the next election, which must take place within 8 months of the appointment.
The original Bundesrat could veto bills and every bill required its consent and also dissolve the original Reichstag. Now, the Bundesrat still passes bills from the Bundestag before sending them to the German President, but it cannot dissolve the Bundestag. It confirms appointments of the German President, and can consent to treaties negotiated by the German President.
The Bundestag is the popularly elected legislative body in Germany, its 1200 members elected based on the populations of the states themselves. This body passes the budget, and passes most of the legislation for Germany. The head of this body is the Bundeskanzler, who heads the cabinet as well. He is appointed by the President, and confirmed by the Bundestag, and typically comes from the majority party or coalition of the body, which puts forth its Kanzlerkandidat for his approval.
There are several ministers who form the cabinet:
- Chancellor of Germany
- Vice-Chancellor of Germany
- Head of the Chancellery
- Minister for Defense
- Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development
- Minister for Education and Research
- Minister for Finance
- Minister for Food, Agriculture, and Consumer Protection
- Minister for Health, Family, and Social Affairs
- Minister of the Interior
- Minister for Justice
- Minister for Labor and Social Affairs
- Minister for Overseas Territories (formerly Minister for Overseas Territories and Colonies)
Germany has a number of political parties, which often create coalition governments. Currently, the National Liberal Party is in coalition with the Christian Democrats.
- Christian Democrat Union
- National Liberal Party
- Die Linke
- Free Democrat Party
- The Greens
- The Conservatives
Political Philosophies of the Parties
|Party||Social||Economic||Foreign Policy||Environmental Policy||Territorial Policy|
|CDU||traditional values||free markets with moderate regulation||'special relationship' with UK/US, mild integration with EU aside from North-Europe Economic Union||mild regulation at federal level||integrate with Germany|
|National Liberal||traditional values||free markets, little to no regulation||'special relationship' with UK/US, protect German independence||mild regulation at federal level||integrate with Germany|
|Die Linke||anything goes||socialism, heavy market regulation by federal government||join the EU, form a world government||heavy federal regulation||leave as territories|
|Free Democrat Party||traditional values should be lauded, but federal government has no say in private choice||classical liberalism, von Mises Austrian School||as few foreign entanglements as possible||protect with mild federal regulation||integrate with Germany|
|The Greens||federal government has no say in private choice||progressive taxes, government ownership of business||use UN as world government||heavy regulation, carbon tax||separate from Germany|
|The Conservatives||traditional values should be lauded, but federal government has no say in private choice||Austrian School.||as few foreign entanglements as possible aside from US, UK, Czechia, NEEU||mild protection by states||leave as territories|