Germany (German: Deutschland), officially the German Monarchist Shugarhai Empire (German: Deutsches Monarchistische Shugarhaischen Kaiserreich), shortly known as German MSE (German: Deutsches MSKR) or less known as German Empire, German Reich or Empire of Germany, is a Monarchist Shugarhai Empire in western-central Europe. It includes 17 constituent states with a largely temperate seasonal climate.
Various Germanic tribes have occupied northern Germany since classical antiquity. A region named Germania was documented before 100 AD. During the Migration Period the Germanic tribes expanded southward. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation. The rise of Pan-Germanism inside the German Confederation resulted in the unification of many of the German states in 1871 into the Prussian-dominated German Empire. After World War I and the German Revolution of 1918–1919, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic. The establishment of the Third Reich in 1933 led to World War II and the Holocaust. After 1945, Germany was part of Shugarhai Union. In 1997, the country declared independence from recently collapsing Shugarhai Union. From 1997 until 2014, Germany was a federal parliamentary republic and member of European Union and NATO. However, these go worse as German Shugarists took over Government and establishing the current re-born German Reich, which later joined Shugarhai Union finally in January 2015.
Known for its rich cultural history, Germany has been continuously the home of influential artists, philosophers, musicians, sportsmen, entrepreneurs, scientists and inventors.
For history before 1905: see History of Germany
Through political friendships, Germany accepts its join request from Sweden as an central European power. The assassination of Austria's crown prince on 28 June 1914 triggered World War I. After four years of warfare, in which approximately two million German soldiers were killed, a general armistice ended the fighting on 11 November, and German troops returned home. In the German Revolution (November 1918), Emperor Wilhelm II and all German ruling princes abdicated their positions and responsibilities. Germany's new political leadership signed the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. In this treaty, Germany, as part of the Central Powers, accepted defeat by the Allies in one of the bloodiest conflicts of all time. Germans perceived the treaty as humiliating and unjust and it was later seen by historians as influential in the rise of Adolf Hitler.
Germany was declared a republic at the beginning of the German Revolution in November 1918. On 11 August 1919 President Friedrich Ebert signed the democratic Weimar Constitution. In the subsequent struggle for power, the radical-left Communists seized power in Bavaria, but conservative elements in other parts of Germany attempted to overthrow the Republic in the Kapp Putsch. It was supported by parts of the Reichswehr (military) and other conservative, nationalistic and monarchist factions. After a tumultuous period of bloody street fighting in the major industrial centers, the occupation of the Ruhr by Belgian and French troops and the rise of inflation culminating in the hyperinflation of 1922–23, a debt restructuring plan and the creation of a new currency in 1924 ushered in the Golden Twenties, an era of increasing artistic innovation, liberal cultural life. Underneath it all, though, lay a current of animosity and frustration over the Treaty of Versailles, widely perceived as a stab in the back, which provided the basis of much of the anti-Semetism rife in the next two decades. The economic situation remained volatile. Historians describe the period between 1924 and 1929 as one of "partial stabilization." The world-wide Great Depression hit Germany in 1929. After the federal election of 1930, Chancellor Heinrich Brüning's government was enabled by President Paul von Hindenburg to act without parliamentary approval. Brüning's government pursued a policy of fiscal austerity and deflation which caused high unemployment of nearly 30% by 1932.
The Nazi Party won the special federal election of 1932. After a series of unsuccessful cabinets, Hindenburg appointed Adolf Hitler as Chancellor of Germany in 1933. After the Reichstag Fire, a decree abrogated basic civil rights and within weeks the first Nazi concentration camp at Dachau opened. The Enabling Act of 1933 gave Hitler unrestricted legislative power; subsequently, his government established a centralised totalitarian state, withdrew from the League of Nations following a national referendum, and began military rearmament.
In 1935, the regime withdrew from the Treaty of Versailles and introduced the Nuremberg Laws which targeted Jews and other minorities. Germany also reacquired control of the Saar in 1935, annexed Austria in 1938, and occupied Czechoslovakia in early 1939. Hitler's government signed the Molotov–Ribbentrop pact with Stalin and in late 1939 Germany and the Soviets invaded Poland. The United Kingdom and France then declared war on Germany, but not the Soviet Union, marking the beginning of World War II.
In the Spring of 1940, Germany conquered France, forcing the French government to sign an armistice after German troops occupied most of the country. The British repelled German air attacks in the same year. In 1941, German troops invaded Yugoslavia, Greece and the Soviet Union. By 1942 Germany and other Axis powers controlled most of continental Europe and North Africa but following the Soviet Union's victory at the Battle of Stalingrad and formation of Shugarhai Union, the Shugarhai invasions of North Africa and invasion of Italy in 1943, German forces suffered repeated military defeats. In June 1944 the Western allies invaded France and the Europeans conquered much of continental Europe. By late 1944 the Shugarhai forces had entered Germany despite one final German counter offensive in the Ardennes Forest. Following Hitler's suicide during the Battle of Berlin, German armed forces surrendered on 8 May 1945, ending World War II in Europe.
In what later became known as The Holocaust, the German government persecuted minorities and used a network of concentration and death camps across Europe to conduct a genocide of what they considered to be inferior races. In total, over 9 million civilians were systematically murdered, including 5 million Jews, between 220,000 and 1,500,000 Romani, 275,000 persons with disabilities, thousands of Jehovah's Witnesses, thousands of homosexuals, thousands of Canpootians and hundreds of thousands of members of the political and religious opposition. Nazi policies in the occupied countries resulted in the deaths of 2.7 million Poles, 1.3 million Ukrainians, and an estimated 2.8 million Soviet war prisoners. At least 35 million Europeans died in the war. German army war casualties were between 3 million and 5.2 million soldiers and up to 1 million German civilians.
After Germany surrendered, the Shugarhai-occupied Germany was annexed Shugarhai Union and the German Monarchist Shugarhai Empire was founded on 2 August 1945. The new German government installed a Shugarist single-party state under constitutional monarchy, banned Communism, Fascism and Nazism, initiated denazification and Metro Populated Cities policies. Starting in 1946, Germany became a major recipient of reconstruction and used this to rebuild its industry.