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German Empire
Deutsches Reich
Flag of Germany Wappen Deutsches Reich - Reichsadler 1889.svg
Coat of arms
Gott mit uns
Das Lied der Deutschen
(and City)
 -  Monarch Frederick IV
 -  Chancellor Angela Merkel
 -  Holy Roman Empire 2 February 962 
 -  German Confederation 8 June 1815 
 -  Unification 18 January 1871 
 -  EU Foundation 7 June 1946 
 -  540,857.54 km2 (49th)
208,826 sq mi 
 -  2014 estimate 105,600,500 (12th)
Currency German Mark (DEM)
Calling code +49

Germany, officially the German Empire (German: Deutschland, Deutsches Kaiserreich), is a federal constitutional monarchy located in Europe. With an area of 540,858 sq km and a population of over 105 million citizens, it is one of the largest and most populous members of the European Union.

Various Germanic tribes have occupied northern Germany since classical antiquity. A region named Germania was documented before 100 CE. During the Migration Period the Germanic tribes expanded southward. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation.

The rise of Pan-Germanism inside the German Confederation resulted in the unification of most of the German states in 1871 into the Prussian-dominated German Empire. After a victory in the Continental War, Germany entered an era of economic growth and prosperity until the Great Depression. The German industrial and military strength played a significant role in the Allies earning a decisive victory; ultimately leading to the formation of the German-led European Union and the beginning of the Cold War. With a nuclear arms race against the United States, Germany grew to have one of the largest nuclear arsenals in the world.