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The German Empire is a nation located in central northern Europe. It is considered one of, if not the, most powerful nations on earth.
The idea of Pan-Germanism had been around for many years, almost being realised several times. It was not until the Franco-Prussian war that the dream was realised. On 10 December 1870 the North German Confederation Reichstag renamed the Confederation as the German Empire and gave the title of German Emperor to the King of Prussia as President of the Confederation. During the Siege of Paris on 18 January 1871, King Wilhelm I of Prussia was proclaimed German Emperor in the Hall of Mirrors at the Palace of Versailles.
World War I
Following the crisis of 1914, Germany was quick to strike against Russia and France. The anticipated quick war, however, dragged on into trench warfare. German troops were caught up against British reinforcements and any chance of advancing was crushed.
Successes were had at sea, however, as the German Navy defeated the British fleet in the Battle of Jutland. This was a huge morale raiser and signified Germany's new position as the top naval power.
The war would see German positions slowly pushed back until 1917, when the French army mutinied. The Germans were quick to capitalise on this and pushed forwards quickly, capturing Paris. Later, the Russians would surrender too, and then the British.
Germany gained several colonies from the war. They also dismantled Russia's Empire in the west and made sure France would never be a threat again. Germany was now the world power.
Germany's economy boomed after the war. Although experiencing instability during the 1920's, a new democratic constitution was made meaning that everybody over 18, even women, could vote for a chancellor.
In the 1930's, the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire meant that Austria would find itself alone and struggling to cope with losing so much territory. Germany offered Austria statehood within the Empire, which it accepted after a referendum.
Germany was one of the first countries to condone the rise of the BUF in Britain. Germany had reason to be worried, as the tearing up of the Treaty of Paris and subsequent rearmament threatened the legacy of the Great War. When Britain invaded Ireland in 1939, Germany condoned the action and considered joining with France in declaring war.
World War II
The war initially did not affect Germany, as British plans mainly were aimed at France. Germany knew, however, that it was probably inevitable that war would come. It did in March 1940, after Britain launched an attack into the Lowlands and Rhineland. France looked likely to fall within the next few months and a state of panic arose in Germany. Troops were quickly mobilised as Wallonia capitulated. Within a few days, however, the German Navy engaged the British fleet off Jutland. This was a disaster for the British, and was a complete walkover for the Germans.
British troops surging through the Rhineland began to slow down, as they met the German fortifications. With supplies running out, they were forced to retreat from here and the northern coast of Germany, in a major retreat that would end their presence on the continent. By August 1941, the next year, the last troops had surrendered.
The German and French Allies knew an invasion of Britain was needed, and this was carried out in March 1942. German troops made landings on the north-east coast, capturing major industrial cities and played a key role in the Battle of Glasgow, which marked the end of the war in June.
The Rhineland had suffered heavily from the war, many towns being partially destroyed. Flanders was in a bad state too. The economic downturn after the conflict meant that these problems could only be fixed in the 1950's.
German occupation of Britain was costly too, so two satellite states were set up. These remained under leadership of the Kaiser but had their own governments.
German culture blossomed during the 1960's and 70's. Although involved in tensions between the USA, Russia and France, Germany managed to keep a domestic focus. Most colonies were given independence in the 1980's peacefully, although some do remain today.
Germany was one of the main players in the creation of the United Republic in 1992, and was criticised largely after the British Civil War broke out. German troops intervened along with France and the US, eventually restoring North and South England. The rest of Great Britain, however, remained unstable.
The structure of the German government and of North England can be seen belowL