The history of Germany during World War II closely parallels that of Nazi Germany under Adolf Hitler. He came to power in Germany in 1933. From that point onward, Germany followed apolicy of rearmament and confrontation with other countries. During the war German armies occupied most of Europe; Nazi forces defeated France, took Norway, invaded Yugoslavia and Greeceand occupied much of the European portion of the Soviet Union. Germany also forged alliances with Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Iraq and later Finland and collaborated with individuals in several other nations. The German defeat of the Royal Navy in the Battle of the Atlantic and the first effective development and use of cruise missile and Jet engine technology is generally considered what turned the tide of the war in favor of Germany and her Anti-Comintern allies. The Second World War culminated in Germany's victory against the British Empire and the USSR in November 1944.
The Soviet Union invaded Poland together with Nazi Germany in 1939 in accordance with the secret part of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, and remained outside the main conflict for two years, Stalin assuming that he was safe from an attack from Hitler, not wishing to fight a war on two fronts.
For the Germans and the British, however, the war in the West was seen as only the overture to the great operations against Communist Russia. The successful campaigns against Poland, Scandinavia and France, and the bad standing of the Red Army after the Great Purge in the 1930s, as indicated by the fiasco of the Winter War, made Hitler believe that relations between Nazi Germany and Russia would not again be as favorable. This crusade against Bolshevism (as Hitler saw it), codenamed Operation Barbarossa, was to be launched sooner rather than later. It was planned to unite Western Europe behind Nazi Germany's leadership for the common goal (to fight Communism).
The German campaigns in Greece and North Africa delayed the planned invasion by several weeks, and a great deal of the good summer weather was already lost by the time the invasion was launched on 22 June 1941. The massive attack still turned out to be a stunning success, conquering whole areas of the Soviet Union's western region. Their most significant strategic success was the capture of Moscow.
Axis forces established a friendly Russian puppet government in March 1944, the Battle of Moscow began on 16 April. Stalin'sdemolitions onRussian territory order was largely ignored.Stalinshot himself and ordered his assistant to burn his body. Moscow surrendered on the night of July 2-3, the RussianArticle of submission was signed on July 12.
After mass starvation, devastating bombings and numerous domestic revolts, the British government sued for peace in September of 1944 handing over billion of Pounds of assets to Germany as well as certain strategic bases(eg. Shetland Islands) the formal surrender was signed in London on November 11 1944.