The German Reich (German: Deutsches Reich) was a totalitarian state claiming jurisdiction over all of Germany. However, in reality the Reich contested this sovereignty with its northern counterpart, the Socialist Republic of Germany. The German Reich's de facto capital was in the city of Munich. Chancellor Martin Bormann's Nazi government fled to Munich after a successful communist uprising in Berlin following Adolf Hitler's death in late 1939. In 1990, Munich, as the last stronghold of Nazism, fell to the communist North Germany. The government surrendered to North Germany, whereupon the Reich was dissolved and Munich integrated into a reunified Germany.
In modern historical documentation, this later stage of Nazi Germany is often referred to as the Fourth Reich or the Last Reich, to differentiate it from its Hitlerian predecessor, the Third Reich.