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The German Empire was first formed in 1838, much to the resentment of the former Austria and her allies. Soon after Austria's annexation much of her former empire rose up in revolt.
On 1 June 1838 Austrian rebels rose up in southern Austria near Lienz, beginning the First Austrian War, a part of the German Patriot War. Three days later an army under Otto Von Mecklenburg is sent from Vienna to quell the uprising. At the same time religious tension building in Hungary fuels a nationalist uprising in central Hungary. By October much of Hungary was in full revolt. The rebellion would not end until early the following year.
On 18 July 1838 Denmark declared war on Germany. Sweden soon declared war with Denmark, prompting Great Britain and Spain to declare war against Germany, something they had already considered. 50,000 German soldiers were moved into Jutland, securing Schleswig-Holstein and southern Denmark. German soldiers continued to advance through Jutland, defeating the Danish at the Siege of Kiel and the Battle of Dybbøl. On November 26 Odense fell to the Germans, and by the spring of the following year all of Jutland had been secured. In early 1839 the occupation set in. Russia also joined the war on Germany’s side on 5 January, after vigorous negotiations. Under German occupation much of the Jutland coast is heavily fortified. 1839 also saw the entrance of the Ottoman Empire into the war.
On 13 April a major British fleet of eighty-eight ships under Admiral of the Fleet Charles Edmund Nugent enters the North Sea with the intention of blockading all northern German trade activity and naval movement, as well as the successful capture of Prince Adalbert, German naval theorist. Several days later Nugent’s fleet met the fledgling German navy twenty-five miles north of the mouth of the Great Belt, defeating the Germans in the Battle of the Great Belt. As the Great Belt is secured for the British a plan is drawn up for a twenty-five ship transport fleet to move 45,000 British soldiers to the Jutland coast, connecting with the Danish army and advancing south.
On 10 June he British-Danish force lands near Odense meeting heavy German resistance. The city was secured on 9 August. Several small skirmishes and clashes occurred between the British and Germans over control of the surrounding area, as the German army falls back to the fortifications around Vejle and Kolding. On 26 October The British Invasion of Jutland begins as 50,000 British and Danish soldiers attack the fortifications near Kolding and Vejle. The main invasion is a disaster. Small pockets of British soldiers hold near Binderup and Fredericia. On 31 October a British force of 20 ships is defeated while on patrol to the north of Jutland after facing a large Swedish navy in the Battle of Skagen. The British command in charge of the Invasion effort is replaced. All besieging British and Danish soldiers are ordered to retreat by to several ships standing by. The Germans begin bombardment of the British transport fleet, chasing down the retreating units. Although the British are now in full retreat the Germans are still unnumbered and don't pursue the British past the shoreline. On 5 December, a small pocket of the tattered and tired retreating British army is attacked at the Battle of Fredericia .The British are defeated. However, some retreating units are able to regroup and fall back to the awaiting ships.
British forces regroup and fortify Odense. A British naval force under Admiral Nugent is sent to meet a large Swedish-German navy at the Battle of Kolobzeg. Nugent is killed, but the British are victorious.
War in Eastern Europe
On 7 December an Ottoman force of 60,000 enters German Croatia and German Serbia. German armies in Hungary and Austria were moved south to meet them. Largely outnumbered, the Germans defeated the Ottomans at the Battle of Sinj.