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German Bohemia (Twilight of a New Era)

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German-Bohemia
Deutschböhmen (Staat)
— State Austria-Hungary
Timeline: Twilight of a New Era
German Bohemia Flag (TNE) German Bohemia Coat of Arms (TNE)
Civil State Flag
Location German-Bohemia A-H (TNE)
Location German Bohemia
Capital
(and largest city)
Reichenberg
Other cities Aussig, Eger and Carlsbad
Language
  official
 
German
  others Czech
Religion
  main
 
Secular state
  others Roman Catholic and Protestant
Ethnic groups
  main
 
German (German Bohemians)
  others Czech
Demonym German-Bohemian (or Bohemian)
Government Parliamentary State
  legislature Landtag
Representative King-Emperor Landeshauptmann
State government Ministerpräsident and Staatsrat
Established 1920
Currency Krone
Time zone Central European Time (UTC+01:00)
  summer Central European Summer Time (UTC+02:00)

German-Bohemia (Deutschböhmen) is a federal state of Austria-Hungary. It is bordered by Germany, Poland and the states of Bohemia and German Austria.

The States of German-Bohemia and Silesia have common broadcasting services and mutually recognized primary, secondary and higher education diplomas and degrees, and cooperation in various fields. Both States have in the past and at present ethnic and cultural conflicts with Bohemia. They also usually feel abandoned by German-Austria, and criticized the highbrow attitude displayed by Austrians toward these regions. This attitude as shaped and formed a common nationality and outlook largely shared by Germans in both states. Both States have campaigned in several occasions for the integration in the proposed state of Sudetenland (Czech and Slovak: Sudety).

Government

German-Bohemia is parliamentary representative democratic state, with a Minister-President (Ministerpräsident) as the head of government, and a State Governor (Landeshauptmann). Executive power is exercised by the governments, both local and state level. State legislative power is vested in both the government and the unicameral parliament (Landtag).

  • The State Governor (Landeshauptmann), who is the head of the state and imperial representative, is appointed for a six year term by the Emperor-King, on advice and consultation of the Minister-President. The Governor can dissolve and call for immediate elections of the Landtag on a proposal of the Minister-President
  • The State Government consists of the Minister-President (Ministerpräsident) and the State Council. The Minister-President is appointed by the State Governor, from the leader of the party or coalition with majority in the Landtag. The rest of the state council is appointed by the Governor on recommendation of the Minister-President.
  • The unicameral Landtag is the supreme legislative body of the State. Its 80 members are elected by universal suffrage using a proportional representation system for a five-year term, unless previously dissolved by the Governor;
  • The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The Supreme State Court and Constitutional Court are nominated by the State Governor, on a list proposed by the Landtag.

Politics

The main political parties are:

  • The German Nationalist Party (German: Deutsche Nationalpartei, DNP, Czech: Německá národní strana) right wing nationalist and irredentist party and sister party of same name in Silesia;
  • Farmers' League (German: Bund der Landwirte, BdL, Czech: Německý svaz zemědělců) conservative agrarian party and sister party of same name in Silesia;
  • German Christian Social People's Party (German: Deutsche Christlich-Soziale Volkspartei, DCVP, Czech: Německá křesťansko sociální strana lidová) social christian, successor of the Austrian CSP and sister party of same name in Silesia;
  • German Democratic Freedom Party (German: Deutsche Demokratische Freiheitspartei, DDFP, Czech: Německá demokratická svobodomyslná strana NDSS), liberal and socioliberal party , part of a network of sister parties in Bohemia and Silesia;
  • Social Democratic Party of German Bohemia (German: Sozialdemokratische Partei der deutschen Böhmen SDPDB, Sociálně demokratická strana německého Čech SDSNC), a center-left workers' party. Its membership is open to both German and Czech. Represents the interest of labor.
  • Communist Party of Sudetenland (German: Kommunistische Partei Sudetenland KPS) communist party of German Bohemia and Silesia, each branch is regional organization with a common Congress, Central Committee and Secretariat. Its membership is open to both German and Czech.

Administrative division

German-Bohemia is divided in the two provinces (provinz) of Eger and Aussig, districts (Bezirke) and statutory cities (Statutarstädte). Districts are subdivided into municipalities (Gemeinden). The statutory cities (Reichenberg, Eger, Carlsbad ansd Aussig) accomplish tasks on an intermediate level of administration and therefore are not incorporated into the districts but form urban districts in their own right

Economy

The German-Bohemia possesses huge chemical works and lignite mines, as well as textile, china, and glass factories and workshops, famous for their forest glass (Waldglas). The cities of Reichenberg, Aussig, Eger and Carlsbad are the industrial centers of the State, being Aussig an important river port. Lately there as been a shift toward the employment and creation of chemical establishments, metallurgy manufacture, machinetool industries, textiles and nutriment industry.

Brown coal and lignite deposits are located around Komotau and Brüx. Most, in the Sokolov field near Carlsbad, at Teplitz-Schönau. There are small amounts of mercury, antimony and tin in the Ore Mountains (Erzgebirge). Additional mineral resources include kaolin near Carlsbad.

The State is well know for its spas and thermal baths in Karlsbad.

Culture

German-Bohemia's main higher education establishment are the Colleges of Education, the State Polytechnic Institute and the Institute of Commerce and Business. Most students that pursue university degrees go to the German-Austria. The State as a high number of students that pass the admission exams and are given state scholarships mainly in studies of engineering and medical sciences.

Broadcasting services in German-Bohemia and Silesia are licensed to the Sudeten German Broadcasting Corporation (Sudetendeutsche Rundfunk AG SRAG). The terms of the license specify that it must provide in German two separate State services and a common cultural service. It also can broadcast in Czech as part of the existing programs or as a separate service.


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