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German Austria (Deutsch-Österreich, or Austria for short) is a state of Austria-Hungary. It is bordered by Italy, Germany and the states of German Bohemia, Bohemia, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia and Trentino.
German-Austria is parliamentary representative democratic state, with a Minister-President (Ministerpräsident) as the head of government, and a State Governor (Landeshauptmann). According to the Constitution the State is organized as follows:
- The State Governor (Landeshauptmann), who is the head of the state and imperial representative, is appointed for a six year term by the Emperor-King, on advice and consultation of the Minister-President. The Governor promulgates all laws approved by Parliament before they can come into effect; can veto or ask for reconsideration of a bill (a veto can be overrun by two thirds majority vote of the Parliament), promulgating laws by decree, which are proposed by the government alone, can dissolve and call for immediate elections of the Parliament on a proposal of the Minister-President, appoints all high functionaries, judges and chiefs of police force, as stated by law, and grants pardons and commutations.
- The State Government consists of the Minister-President (Ministerpräsiden) and the State Council (Staatsrat). The Minister-President is appointed by the State Governor, from the leader of the party or coalition with majority in the National Council. The rest of the State Council is appointed by the Governor on recommendation of the Minister-President.
- The bicameral Parliament (Parlament) is the supreme legislative and constituent body of the State. The Federal Council (Bundesrat) and National Council (Nationalrat) are elected by universal suffrage using a proportional representation system for a five-year term, unless previously dissolved by the Governor. As in any parliamentary state the National Council can censure and remove the Minister-President and State Council.
- The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The Supreme State Court and Constitutional Court are nominated by the State Governor, on a list proposed by the Parliament.
The main parties are:
- German-National Party (Deutschnationale Partei), merge with similar groups in 1924 as the Greater German People's Party (Großdeutsche Volkspartei, GDVP). National-liberal and nationalist party.
- Christian Social Party (Christlichsoziale Partei, CS) the major conservative political party
- Social Democratic Workers' Party of Austria (Sozialdemokratische Arbeiterpartei Österreichs, SDAP)
- Communist Party of Austria (Kommunistische Partei Österreichs,KPÖ)
- Jewish National Party (Jüdischnationale Partei)
German-Austria is divided into nine provinces (Provinzen). These provinces are then divided into districts (Bezirke) and statutory cities (Statutarstädte). Districts are subdivided into municipalities (Gemeinden). Statutory Cities have the competencies otherwise granted to both districts and municipalities.
Each province as an elected Landtag (representative assembly) and Statthalter (imperial governor, named by the Staatsrat).
German-Austria consists of nine provinces (Provinzen):
- Upper Austria (Oberösterreich) capital Linz
- Lower Austria (Niederösterreich), capital Sankt Pölten
- Styria (Steiermark), capital Graz
- Salzburg, capital Salzburg;
- Carinthia (Kärnten), capital Klagenfurt
- German Tyrol (Deutschtirol), capital Innsbruck
- Vorarlberg, capital Bregenz
- Burgenland, capital Ödenburg
- Vienna (Wien), capital Vienna city
Transport and communications
German-Austria's railroad system both for cargo and passenger in its territory is manged by Imperial Royal State Railways (k. k. Staatsbahnen or kkStB), that also serves neighboring Trentino. Air transport is serviced by various private companies and the state owned Austrian Airlines (Österreichische Luftverkehrs AG).
There is an extensive highways and road system, these are federal (Reichsstrassen, and Reichsautobahn) and State (Landesstrassen and Gemeindestrassen).