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Following the February Revolution, Georgia found itself part of the a semi-autonomous Transcaucasian Region of Russia. Although the socialist leaders had remained loyal to the Provisional Government, pressure from the more nationalistic factions forced them to seek independence to prevent a potential civil war.
The bi-partisan negotiation that followed (instead of an unilateral declaration of independence) allowed for a peaceful transition, and showed the way for other Independentist groups. Thanks largely to this, Georgia has maintain a close working relationship with the Russian Republic, allowing troops to be stationed near the border to prevent an invasion by the Germans or Ottomans.
Some resented the presence of Russian soldiers following the end of the Great War and a process of replacing Russian units with Georgian ones (after new ones were being trained) began in 1918 until the last one left in 1921.
Also in 1921, was engaged in a war with turkey over the area inhabited by the Ajaris (a Muslim population in southwestern Georgia). The Georgian lost the war and after a brief period of independence, Ajaristan was annexed by Turkey.
Form of Government
The head of state was the Chairman of the Government who was named by the parliament for a one year term (individual being limited to two consecutive terms). The Parliament was elected. The chairman named his cabinet and formed the executive. The legislative branch was the parliement whose members were elected through a proportional representation system. Together the cabinet and the parliement formed the Constituant Assembly.