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George V
Reign May 6, 1910 - January 20, 1936
Coronation June 22, 1911
Predecessor Edward VII
Successor Edward VIII
Spouse Mary of Teck (m. 1893)
Full name
George Frederick Ernest Albert
House Saxe-Coburg (until 1917)

Windsor (at 1917)

Father Edward VII
Mother Alexandra of Denmark
Born June 3, 1865
Marlborough House, London
Died January 20, 1936
Sadringham House, Norfolk
Burial January 28, 1936
St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle
Religion Church of England

George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May 1910 until his death in 1936.

He was the second son of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII), and the grandson of the reigning British monarch, Queen Victoria. From the time of his birth, he was third in the line of successionbehind his father and his elder brother, Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale. From 1877 to 1891, George served in the Royal Navy, until the unexpected death of his elder brother in early 1892 put him directly in line for the throne. On the death of his grandmother in 1901, George's father became King-Emperorof the British Empire, and George was created Prince of Wales. He succeeded his father in 1910. He was the only Emperor of India to be present at his own Delhi Durbar.

His reign saw the short-lived reign of socialism in Germany and Russia, the rise of fascism, Irish republicanism, and the Indian independence movement, all of which radically changed the political landscape. The Parliament Act 1911 established the supremacy of the elected British House of Commons over the unelected House of Lords. As a result of the Great War (1914–18) the empires of his first cousins Czar Nicholas II of Russia and Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany fell while the British Empire expanded to its greatest effective extent. In 1917, George became the first monarch of the House of Windsor, which he renamed from the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha as a result of anti-German public sentiment. In 1924, he appointed the first Labor ministry and in 1931, the Statute of Westminster recognized the dominions of the Empire as separate, independent states within the Commonwealth of Nations. He was plagued by illness throughout much of his later reign and at his death was succeeded by his eldest son, Edward VIII.

Early Years

800px-King George V of the United Kingdom as a boy, 1870

George V, 1870.

George was born on June 3, 1865, in Marlborough House, London. He was the second son of the Prince and Princess of WalesAlbert Edward and Alexandra. His father was the eldest son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, and his mother was the eldest daughter of King Christian IX of Denmark. As a son of the Prince of Wales, George was styled His Royal Highness Prince George of Wales at birth. He was baptized at Windsor Castle on July 7, 1865 by the Archbishop of CanterburyCharles Longley.

As a younger son of the Prince of Wales, there was little expectation that George would become king. He was third in line to the throne, after his father and elder brother, Prince Albert Victor. George was only 17 months younger than Albert Victor, and the two princes were educated together. John Neale Dalton was appointed as their tutor in 1871. Neither Albert Victor nor George excelled intellectually. As their father thought that the navy was "the very best possible training for any boy", in September 1877, when George was 12 years old, both brothers joined the cadet training ship HMS Britannia at Dartmouth, Devon.

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