George Reid
George Reid cph 3c31684
7th President of Australia
In office:

January 26, 1905 - January 26, 1910

Preceded by:

William Lyne

Succeeded by:

Edmund Barton

4th Prime Minister of Australia
In office:

June 2, 1896 - April 10, 1901

Preceded by: William McMillan
Succeeded by: Edmund Barton
Premier of New South Wales
In office:

1894 - 1896

Preceded by: Unknown
Succeeded by: Unknown

February 25 1845, Johnstone, Renfreshire

Died September 12 1918, Sydney, New South Wales
Nationality: Australia
Political party:


Free Trade


Flora Reid

Children: 3
Alma mater:


Occupation: Politician, Businessman
Religion: Presbyterianism

George Reid was an Australian politician who served as Prime Minister of Australia 1896 - 1901, and later as President 1905 - 1910. Reid was the first former Prime Minister to seek (and gain) the office of President.

Following the death of Henry Parkes he was considered the most powerful Free Trade politician, and Parkes' logical heir to the prime ministership. President Andrew Garran appointed Treasurer William McMillan as Prime Minister, to serve until Reid resigned the premiership and was elected to parliament.

Reid assumed the Prime Ministership in June. He led the Free Traders to a victory at the 1898 federal election, but in 1901 he was defeated, with the Free Traders becoming the second largest political grouping, behind the Protectionists.

At the 1903 federal election the Free Traders became the third largest party, with a three way hung parliament. The Free Traders guaranteed confidence and supply to Barton's protectionists.

In 1904 Reid was put forward as a possible joint presidential candidate for the Free Traders and Protectionists. He reluctantly accepted the offer, and was easily elected.

Shortly after his election the Free Trade Party merged with the Protectionist Party to form the Commonwealth Liberal Party, Reid himself joined the party in 1906.

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