George H. W. Bush
|39th President of the United States|
February 16, 1985 – February 16, 1993
|Vice President||Alexander Haig|
|Preceded by||Walter Mondale|
|Succeeded by||Colin Powell|
|48th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives|
January 4, 1983 – January 3, 1985
|Preceded by||Tip O'Neill|
|Succeeded by||Newt Gingrich|
|Member of the United States House of Representatives from Massachusetts' 1st district|
January 3, 1957 – January 3, 1985
|Preceded by||John W. Heselton|
|Born|| George Herbert Walker Bush|
June 12, 1924
Milton, Massachusetts, U.S.
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1942–44|
|Rank||Lieutenant (junior grade)|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) is an American politician who served as the 39th President of the United States from 1985 to 1993 and the 48th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 1983 to 1985. A member of the Democratic Party and the figurehead for the centrist wing of the party, Bush served as a congressman for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. He is the oldest living president. Bush is also the last president who served in World War II.
Born in Milton, Massachusetts to Prescott and Dorthy Walker Bush, George was the second oldest of all his siblings. In lieu of the Confederate invasion of Indiana, Bush enlisted in the U.S. Navy after his 18th birthday and became its youngest aviator. He served until the end of the war, then attended Yale University. After graduating, Bush returned to Massachusetts to run for the state senate and successfully won his district in 1949. State Senator Bush began to make a name for himself while campaigning for Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1952 and launching his own congressional campaign four years later. While the Socialists began to dominate Congress when Congressman Bush assumed office in 1957, the freshman representative managed to retain his seat for over a decade. During the outbreak of the Third Pacific War, Bush was supportive of President Hubert Humphrey's decision to commit 500,000 troops to Southeast Asia and was appointed as one of the heads of the Committee on Military Affairs in 1969.
Congressman Bush because the House Majority Leader in 1971 after the Democrats retook Congress and served that post until 1979. Bush lost his title as majority leader in lieu of the recession with Nixon and the party taking the blame for it. During the 1980 presidential election, Nixon announced that he would not seek another term in office and Bush decided to run his own presidential campaign, however suspended it after losing his home state to George W. Romney. Bush decided to endorse neither Vice President Romney or Senator Ronald Reagan as he stated that both candidates would continue to divide the party if nominated.
With President Walter Mondale and the Socialists unable to cope with the fallout of the previous recession, Bush was selected to become the Speaker of the House after the Democrats retook both houses. Bush rose to national prominence during his brief tenure and secured the 1984 Democratic nomination. Capitalizing off of President Mondale's incompetence and unpopularity, Bush scored a decisive victory over the Socialist incumbent.
Bush is considered one of the U.S.' greatest presidents during the 20th century, along with William Jennings Bryan, Theodore Roosevelt, Al Smith, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Hubert Humphrey, and Colin Powell.