Geopolitical goals are the goals, roles, and traits of a nation that dominate the geopolitical policies of it. Every nation has its geopolitical goals, from America to Brazil to China to Denmark to Egypt to France to Germany to Hungary to India to Japan to Kenya to Lebanon to Mexico to the Netherlands to Oman to Pakistan to Qatar to Russia to Saudi Arabia to Tanzania to the Ukraine to Vietnam to Yemen to Zimbabwe. (And yes, those are all OTL nations). The existence of geopolitical goals is important to a nation in its role on the role stage, though a nation's efficiency depends on the ruler, weak or strong. The goals often allows the political stage of a country to be predictable and comprehensible. Each country often has certain traits, roles, and policies that shapes its worldwide standing. Geopolitical goals often shape people's reaction to domestic and international events.
For example, in OTL, regardless of the different rulers of the British Empire during its years, it follows the same goal of being the main superpower in the world. Rulers would always defend itself and expand into territories to compete with other nations for control of areas of the world. Though different rulers would have decided who to conquer and who not to conquer, its goals of being a world superpower would always be the same regardless. They would still try to out compete other nations in the world stage.
While anything in history can effect the geopolitical goals of a nation, only certain events have the power to do this. It may seem that history has the ability to shape them, but this is just only a misunderstanding. Small events, natural or man-made, such as earthquakes, hurricanes, oil spills, or riots, had an increased role in effecting world and historical events. Some people like Karl Marx and books like the Communist Manifesto, do not have an effect on geopolitical goals, but rather an outcome of human behaviors, goals, and worries. Sometimes, when well-supported leaders make reforms, they often ignore the nation's geopolitical goals, but sometimes, it can slightly change current ones. However, only foreign interventions, civil disorders, revolutions, and other history-changing events such as the defeat of the Spanish Armada, the lost of the 13 American Colonies, and the French Revolution can all have an effect on a nation's ideology and its geopolitical goals.
The study of these kinds of goals is very useful when knowing either the future of the nation or the world. Many people have used geopolitical goals as a method for short-term future events in in international stage. An example of one oe these people is George Friedman, who wrote "The Next 100 Years" which describes the world after 100 years.
Purpose of the Page
The purpose of this page is to explain the geopolitical goals of the Big Four nations (and to an extent, other nations) and also explain how they were formed and the effect on the world stage. However, many nations do have similar geopolitical goals which only difference is that if their specificity. The reason for this is that the obvious, main, central goals of these countries are all similar (survival, expansion, etc.) and the ideology of this would stick with that nation for the rest of its existence. In fact, those kinds of goals have been around all kinds of societies for millennia.
However, there is one thing that people reading this should know: not all of the nations were able to follow all of their geopolitical goals the way they wanted it to be. Only the Big Four (the most powerful nations, which are France, America, China, and Japan) are able to do so.
An OTL Example: USSR
- Spread Communism throughout the world to ignite a worldwide revolution
- Prevent America from threatening its interests in Communist Europe
- Industrialize the country to make it prosper
- Exploit its allies for natural resources for its economy
- Eliminate capitalism and any other opposition within the country
- Protect Moscow from invaders
- Maintain its borders and those of other Communist countries
Since 481, France has been one of the oldest European nations, which endured history of war, expansion, good and bad rulers, periods of change, and terror. It arose from the ashes of the fall of Rome after the Franks (hence the country's name) ravaged this region. Regardless of the environment France faced, it managed to survive throughout history, even English rule in the region which was eventually repulsed. Since its expansion into North America and Europe during the early modern era, France was a power to be reckoned with. Under Louis XIV, the country expanded in power, but at the cost of money, its people, and its resources. This led to the French Revolution which later led to the rise of the Bonapartes. During the age of Napoleon and since then, however, France officially had firm control on most of Europe, making it the most powerful nation in the world. During the 19th and 20th Centuries, it expanded its control throughout the world. It was the winner of every Global War and controlled nearly every European nation other than Russia and North England. The Empire has very strong geopolitical goals that have been followed throughout its history. Also, the Emperor's (a.k.a. Napoleon) extensive power makes his personal ideology, beliefs, and opinions an important part of the Empire's power and policies. While the big decisions of the empire are very predictable, small-scale decisions is also noticeable in the Empire.
1. Protect Paris from any threat
Throughout history, Paris has been the heart of the country. However, it has been in the chaos from other countries throughout the country's history. The most infamous incident was the Siege of Paris by the Vikings in 885-886. Since that battle, defending Paris has been the most important strategic goal to the country ever since. This goals is undeniable to the French people and the government, which means failure to maintain this would be a great blow to its strength.
During the Cold War, the importance to protect Paris as increased, especially when the ability for man to travel to space caused fear of weapons been stored there, which can eventually bomb a city, such as Paris. It has caused space defenses to be constructed to combat this threat. Other threats can be civil. The restrictions of placing nuclear reactors near the city is needed because a nuclear meltdown would poison the city all together.
2. Hold complete control of the Mediterranean
Inspired and impressed by the Romans' successes in the region, Napoleon always knew that controlling the Mediterranean Sea would be vital for the strength of the Empire. France, using its sphere of influence and the territory it dominates, they are able to turn the whole Mediterranean into a French lake (even though other nations share the same sea, most of these nations are controlled by France). Naval threats from the Russians in the Black Sea (during the Cold War) and the Ottomans from the eastern Mediterranean (during the First Turkish War) meant that failure to do so would threaten French naval superiority.
Because of this, only military vessels originating from France are allowed in the region, with no other country allowed to have this privilege. The naval choke points of the Bosphorus, Suez Canal, and the Strait of Gibraltar are vital for naval defense. The prevention of foreign military presence in the region has always been like this since 1861, and the French's tight grip on the region inspired naval bases there as well, including those in Malta, Southern Spain, Cyprus, the Aegan Islands, the Egyptian coast, the Sinai Peninsula, and the Italian islands.
3. Maintain the ethnic groups and stability in the Empire
France, controlling nearly half of the world, is one of the countries that contain hundreds of ethnic groups. Because of this enormous diversity, it has been vital for France to be cautious about its people, regardless of when they have been annexed. History has always proved how ethnic tensions could destroy the stability of one multi-ethnical, huge country. To counter this, the slow, but steady tactic of Frenchnization (and to some degree Europeanization) of its lands, and the assimilation of native cultures has made French culture a powerful force in the world. What truly simmered the ethnic tensions was the Laws of Ethnicity by Emperor Charles in 1967.
In many places such as the Congo, West Africa, the Amazon, and Indochina, indigenous peoples, often tribal and uncivilized, often dominate specific regions. Gaining their support by allowing them certain privileges, establishing governmental buildings, and constructing infrastructure were often methods to control those peoples.
Giving citizenship the most people in the Empire has allowed Paris and the government to have a strong grip over the Empire's peoples. This allowed greater stability and political unity, which has increased throughout the years regardless.
4. Domination of Europe and the maintaining the Empire's borders
Having such vast territories throughout the world (especially the fact that half of the world is controlled by France), the Empire's borders have been harassed, threatened and invaded by numerous other peoples. Fortunately, they have not targeted the country's main population centers, but this caused the difficulty of maintaining them without one crossing one of them. Since the end of the Napoleonic Wars, Napoleon always made sure the borders had the best defenses, but sometimes, it was vital to use geographical barriers, such as the mountains at the southeastern part of French Europe, the Sahara Desert, or the western Burmese mountains due to their difficulty of passing through. This has always been a very important strategic goal for the Empire.
Since the end of the Napoleonic Wars and due to colonial expansion, the Empire's geographical barriers included the North Sea, the Baltic Sea, the Andes, the Rocky Mountains, the Ethiopian Highlands, and the Southern Nejd. During the Three Great Wars, the Cold War, and numerous other conflicts, man-made barriers have been constructed, including the Burmese Wall located at the western Burmese border), Andes Wall (named after the Andes Mountains), the Ethiopian Wall (named after the country it borders region), the Nile Wall (named after the Nile River, and the spans the southern border of the Empire's Nile region).
These remained very major barriers of the Empire, as well as the geographical ones. The strength of the barriers allows no enemy to every pass through them. However, there were some weak spots during the 20th Century that were spotted, though luckily they were patched up.
5. Maintain power on every continent
As one of the oldest geopolitical goals since the start of the modern era, and the most difficult to maintain, was the major focal point of the Empire's foreign policy since the Napoleonic Wars. The Empire has numerous territories in every continent, yet the threat of foreign powers has made it vital for the Empire to protect each one of them. Losing them would be a major threat to the Empire's power in the world. The government has always been aware of this problem throughout history, especially after the end of the French and Indian War.
To this day, the French made sure that their interests and territories on every continent were protected by installing the military in these parts to ensure the goal would be achieved as greatly as possible. Yet they do not wish to control large territories overseas, so they use other nations as allies to act as barriers between the Empire and the foreign powers. This allowed the French to successfully maintain their power through this.
6. Domination of control of Outer Space and the Planets
Since the 1930's, outer space has become a new realm for humanity to explore, often nicknamed the "Final Frontier". But it also opened a new strategic option for many nations. Weapons can be deployed and stored there, troops can be transported throughout the region, and surveillance of the land can be performed to check on other nations. It can be done in a place where it is enormously difficult for other nations to do so. The world oceans once held the important strategic routes that countries have to control to increase their power, but now, space provides those very same advantages.
The need to control Outer Space has been the most recent geopolitical goal to most of the world, especially the Big Four (and especially France). The need to "annex" space was important to protect France from any susceptible threats from other who use it for military reasons. The French are the regulators for travel in and out of the atmosphere. Fortunately, space technology is more advanced than OTL, allowing satellites and space stations to be common in the region.
Since the end of the Cold War, weapons have been banned in Outer Space, and it now serves economical and civilian purposes. For example, space tourism is becoming increasingly popular, allowing the availability for numerous space hotels in the region. Also, the need to survey and study the Earth and most importantly, the universe, has prompt space shuttles, space satellites, and space stations all across the globe. France, willing to maintain the control of the "monopoly", has released several of space "vehicles" into the atmosphere. There are also businesses to control the industry, mostly from the Big Four, though France has the biggest control.
Also vital in the control of Outer Space is the exploration of the planets. The moon has been the most favored since it played a major role in cultural and astrological history. France wanted to make sure it had the first step into the planets. During and after the Cold War, France has led expeditions to the Moon, and to some degree, Mars. While France was the first country to reach the Moon, the Americans held a greater record by landing at Mars. Today, France has more space colonies than any other nation.
7. Domination of the global trade, finance, and the economy
As modern technology has connected the world, it has been important to the French to maintain their power in the world economy as the "workshop of the world". Since the First and Second Napoleonic Wars, industry has grown around Europe, especially the Rhine, Po, Seine, Ebro, and Kiel River regions. A combination of an enormous population, a skilled work force, powerful education, modern technologies, abundant resources, and huge navies allow France to dominate the global economy, finance, and trade ahead of all other nations.
During the Cold War, the development of the French economy was vital to make sure that America's power and influence and be checked. While it has gone through numerous recessions and depressions, France has managed to maintain its economic power over all else. It is the world's only unrivaled economic power, ahead of America, Russia, and the Asian Union.
France's high quality products ranging from chemicals to clothes to cars have been the most desired products in the world. World-famous arts and crafts have also made them good souvenir gifts to tourists as well. The growth of modern technologies have encouraged businesses to upgrade their factories to catch up with the technological growth.
During the American Revolution and the American Revolutionary War, Americans have struggled to defend the beliefs of liberty, freedom, and the pursuit of happiness. Their legacy reached France, in which the tyrannical absolute monarchy of Louis XVI was toppled, leading to a chain of events that led to the rise of the Bonapartes. Amerca's acquisition of Canada allowed the country to undergo a period of growth and expansion. However, the country was torn by the controversial practice of slavery, which led to the Civil War between the Union and the Confederacy (pro-slavery), which led to the end of slavery. Since the later 19th Century, American underwent large-scale immigration, Pacific colonization, and industrialization, increasing its ability as a world power. Although it didn't participate in the first two Great Wars, it helped destroy the Mosleyist pact in the Third Great War. Since the Cold War, it teamed up with Russia to contain the power of France. Today, Americans still have that sense of spirit they had since the 18th Century. Americans are proud of being the beacon of democracy that has spread to many other countries worldwide. Since the 20th Century, the country has aimed to be a major player on the world stage, making it the second most powerful nation (Russia holds the same position) after France.
Ever since the War of 1814 and the Second Napoleonic War, the United States was rewarded with Canadian territory from the British. With this new land, American believed that their future was bright. In fact, they were right. During the 19th Century, the country faced an expanding economy, numerous movements west, and vast expanses of west. This allowed America to have a strong foothold on the Western Hemisphere. However, there were many problems, as Canadian Nations and numerous Indian tribes threatened the stability of migration to the west. Because of this, they developed a very strong military to counter this.
Since the 1830's, the country used its massive new navy to expand in the Pacific, hoping to gain access to markets in the growing economies of Asia. During the 1880's, the America conquered New Guinea, Hawaii, Micronesia, and other Pacific islands, allowing them to have numerous naval bases. Competition in the region pressured America to develop a very strong navy. During the Cold War, a majority of the soldiers in the region were part of the Navy or Air Force. Ever since the end of the Cold War, the country has a large control of the Pacific Monopoly.
2. Protection of Washington D.C. from any threat
During the American Revolution, it was important to the patriots to work together to prevent the British from gaining the upper hand in the war. It was just like the War of 1814, when America had struggled to defend Washington D.C. when the British attacked once It would have been a blow to the country, but the heroism of the people and the support of France managed to save it.
Ever since the war, Americans knew that protecting Washington D.C. is a very highly strategic goal, otherwise the American government would receive a massive blow to the stomach. Many historians believed this was the country's first geopolitical goal, as a reminder to the battles of Washington D.C.
Fortunately for the Americans, this goal has always succeeded, proving the military strength of the country. While there have been no battles in Washington D.C. since the War of 1814, fears of it being attacked were common during the Cold War and the wars with its enemies. During the 1950's, it has been mandatory for people and politicians to take war drills in case of an attack.
3. Eliminate any threat to the United States
It is one of the country's obvious goals, just like any other country. This was always important from the start of the Revolutionary War, and later, the War on 1814, when America had to fend off Britain, who threatened the existence of the country. This as proved to be the second hardest geopolitical goal for the country to succeed at.
After the War of 1814, the country had to go through wars with their enemies: France, Japan, Britain, the Confederates, and one with Native Americans, all on American soil. This proves that the consequences of defeat will always be negative for the country and its stability.
During the Cold War, this goal was of high importance, because with the French right at their backyard, having a strong military to counter this threat has always been vital for its survival. The Second Brazilian War also nearly tore the South American portion of the country apart, reminding Americans to defend their country for foreign threats.
4. Domination of control of Outer Space
Since the 1930's, outer space has become a new realm for humanity to explore, often nicknamed the "Final Frontier". But is also opened a new strategic option for many nations. Weapons can be deployed and stored there, troops can be transported throughout the region, and surveillance of the land can be performed to check on other nations. It can be done in a place where it is enormously difficult for other nations to do so. The world oceans once held the important strategic routes that countries have to control to increase their power, but now, space provides those very same advantages.
The need to control Outer Space has been the most recent geopolitical goal to most of the world, especially the Big Four (and especially America). France's ruthless effort to "annex" the planets pressured the Americans to start their space program and counter the French threat for military reasons. However, France had the upper hand due to having to best scientists at that time. Fortunately, space technology is more advanced than OTL, allowing satellites and space stations to be common in the region, though regardless of American attempts, France has more control.
Since the end of the Cold War, weapons have been banned in Outer Space, and it now serves economical and civilian purposes. For example, space tourism is becoming increasingly popular, allowing the availability for numerous space hotels in the region. Also, the need to survey and study the Earth and most importantly, the universe, has prompt space shuttles, space satellites, and space stations all across the globe. America, willing to compete to prevent France from having full control of the "monopoly", has released several of space "vehicles" into the atmosphere. There are also businesses to control the industry, mostly from the Big Four, though France has bigger control than America.
Also vital in the control of Outer Space is the exploration of the planets. The moon has been the most favored since it played a major role in cultural and astrological history. America wanted to make sure it had the first step into the planets, despite the early, humiliating failures they had. During and after the Cold War, America has managed to reach Mars first, though the French were the first to land on Mars. Today, only France has more space colonies than America.
5. Domination of the global trade, finance, and the economy
As modern technology has connected the world, it has been important to the Americans to maintain their power in the world economy to compete with France, also known as the "workshop of the world". Since the War on 1814 and the Second Napoleonic Was, the American government has encouraged the growth of businesses through a system of high tariffs. A combination of an enormous population, a skilled work force, powerful education, modern technologies, abundant resources, and huge navies allow America to compete the global economy, finance, and trade, with only France ahead of them.
During the Cold War, the development of the American economy was vital to make sure that France's power and influence and be checked. While it has gone through numerous recessions and depressions, America's economic will was still very strong. To this day, only France has greater control of the world economy.
America's high quality products ranging from chemicals to clothes to cars have been the most desired products in the world after those from France. World-famous arts and crafts have also made them good souvenir gifts to tourists as well. The growth of modern technologies have encouraged businesses to upgrade their factories to catch up with the technological growth.
6. Protection of the country's borders
Having such vast territories throughout the Western Hemisphere and the Pacific, America's borders have been harassed, threatened, and invaded by numerous other peoples. Fortunately, they have not targeted the country's main population centers, but this caused the difficulty of maintaining them without one crossing one of them. Since the end of the Second Napoleonic War and the War of 1814, America also made sure they had the best defenses, but sometimes, it was vital to use geographical barriers, such as the Atlantic, the Rockies, or the Pacific due to their difficulty of passing through. This has always been a very important strategic goal for the country.
During the Third Great War, with troops from Japan terrorizing the American Northwest, the importance of this goal was recognized by the American government. During the that time, many people had to leave and troops fought bravely to fend them off of their territory.
During the Cold War, protecting boundaries was a big priority. Since France has a foothold in Northern America, the American-Quebecan border became militarized, with major towns and cities on the region armed with defenses, bunkers, and underground communities. In the Caribbean, every state there had to be protected by the navy. And in Mexico, and large border wall had to be built to prevent French attacks from there. The defenses proved to safely protect Americans during the Cold War.
7. Defend democracy worldwide
The most difficult, yet the most important (in America's foreign policy), was to defend the world's democracies from tyranny and oppressivism. Americans struggled to defeat the evils of tyranny during the Revolutionary War, and wanted to make sure that ideology of freedom, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness would remain alive in the country. The geopolitical goal, however, never was much of a priority to the government until the Cold War, when America realized the only way to counter French influence was to promote democracy to oust any effort of tyranny. During this period, America funded anti-French groups in its empire and sphere of influence. However, that meant the US had to be caught on conflict during many periods of history, especially the infamous English War, when America failed to oust pro-French influence there.
Although America was able to get out of the Cold War, the priority of defending democracy is still part of America's geopolitical goals, as it has been one of the purposes for the International League.
Founded by the Slaves in the 6th century with influences the Vikings and gained independence from the Tatars after they conquered the country, the Russian people have a tough sense of national pride. Its history was shaped by conquest and turmoil. Because of foreign rule, it was cut off from technological and cultural advances at the west but since Peter the Great, Russian underwent a period of Westernization, finally able to catch up with the Western world. However, Russia still lagged due to lack of social and political reforms, especially the fact serfdom was common. Since the Napoleonic Wars, however, the country underwent social reform and an economic boom supported by France. However, after the Russian Revolution, it truly became a modern state after enacting reforms. For Three Great Wars and the Cold War, the country underwent territorial expansion, defeat, victory, reconstruction, and another revolution that toppled the monarchy. To this day, Russia is a state to be recognized, enormous in size and power.
1. Protect of the country and its borders from threats
2. Protect Moscow from any threat
3. Domination of the global trade, finance, and the economy
4. Domination of control of Outer Space
5. Maintain control of the Middle East
6. Control the huge population and ethnic groups
7. Cooperate with France
The Asians are known for creating the world's oldest surviving civilization (that is, the Chinese) and creating strong, powerful states in the continent throughout history. China, one of the states of the union, has had an impact on world history for being rich in culture and history. Many countries, such as Korea, Japan, Southeast Asia, and India, have been influenced by its culture. Despite their magnificent power, there were times of turmoil, such as the moments of Chinese disunity, civil wars in Japan, rebellions and revolutions, the Mongol invasion, and the most recent, European conquest. They have, also, shut themselves from the rest of the world, creating a huge disadvantage when Europeans began to carve up Asia. Only Japan managed to avoid the turmoil of what has to come. Since the end of the Third Global War, the region is finally able to become peaceful after suffering turmoil. Today, the Asian Union is one of the most impressive countries in education, economy, military, technology, and culture, just like their previous ancestors centuries ago.