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In 1921, the Treaty of Equality between Japan and the South Pacific Islands signed by Nagayama Yoshida, the Generalissimo of the Republic of Japan; Inukai Tsuyoshi, the Prime Minister of Japan; and Isabelo de los Reyes, the representative of Philippine Independence Congress The Treaty divided the Japanese South Pacific into the Nan'yo islands and the Philippines islands. With the Treaty, the Philippines islands was granted a broad political autonomy and would became an associated state of Japan, modeled after British system of Dominion.
According to the Treaty of Equality Between Japan and South Pacific Islands (1921), Philippines intended to be an autonomous entity within the Japanese Realm (大和区域分野 Daiwa Kuiki Bun'ya), with foreign policy and defence affairs would be under the responsibility of Japan. The structure of Dominion of Philippines described in the Philippine Dominion Law (1927), which remained effective between 1927 and 1950.
The National Assembly of the Philippines (Pambansang Kapulungan) served as the highest body in the Dominion government. Its members elected every four years and only Filipinos who required to voting and to get vote as the members of Assembly.
The National Assembly elected the Legislative Council of the Philippines (Pambatasan Konseho) from among its members every two years to exercise the power to formulate the legislation for Philippines. Certain legislation and policy required the approval of the Congress of Japan. Started from 1927 until 1947, the Japanese-oriented Philippine National Party dominated the number of seats in the Assembly.
The High Commissioner of the Philippines (Mataas Komisyonado) was the representative of Government of Japan in Philippines and the nominal head of state of the Dominion. The High Commissioner appointed by the President of Japan by the concern of Congress of Japan every four years. The High Commissioner functioned to advise the Dominion government of matters concerning executive, defense and financial in Philippines.
The Council of the Ministers of the Philippines (Ministro Konseho), headed by the Prime Minister and comprised by the Ministers of State of Philippines. It was served as the main executive body of the Dominion and elected by the Assembly from among its members every start of parliamentary term.
The National Court of the Philippines (Pambansang Hukuman) serves as the Dominion's supreme judicature in charge of judicial matters and supervision and administration of lower courts. All of judges of the Court appointed by the National Assembly. Every Philippine citizens were the subject of Philippine law and under the authority of Philippine National Court.
The National Procuratorate of the Philippines (Pambansang Kensadan) charged with both the investigation and prosecution of crime at the national level and supervised the state procuratorates in every levels below.