The General Government of Korea (Korean:한국의 일반 정부 hangug-ui ilban jeongbu, Japanese:韓国の一般政府 Kankoku no ippan seifu Russian: генералниѣ правителтсво кореѣ) was the name of the administration entity of the Korean Península that ruled the country during the years of Russian administration. It was instated following the Russo-Japanese war that ended with a Russian victory due to the modernization of the country that Tsar Alexander II initiated.

As Japan and Russia were fighting for gaining Korea and Manchuria, the war ended with a honourable defeat of Japan. It lost all its possessions and commerce privileges in China and all the seaports that had achieved to Russia, Korea feared to be invaded by Japan and placed itself under Russian Protection, that the Russian Empire accepted. Meanwhile, Japan was given the administration of Manchuria though not the possession by Russia.

The General Government was proclaimed on March, 6, 1903, but it was not recognized until the end of the war between Japan and Russia by the international powers.

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From the very beginning of the Russian rule, the Empire modernized the administration and the castes system of the country very fast, urbanization, though, became a reality later on.

The administration reforms and the abolition of the Yangban system is looked upon in the history books as the key point of the development of the new Korea.

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