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General Election 1895 (Red Crowns)

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{{Use dmy dates|date=May 2014}}

{{Use British English|date=May 2014}}

{{Infobox Election

| election_name = United Kingdom general election, 1895

| country = United Kingdom

| type = parliamentary

| ongoing = no

| previous_election = United Kingdom general election, 1892

| previous_year = 1892

| previous_mps = MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 1892

| next_election = United Kingdom general election, 1900

| next_year = 1900

| next_mps = MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 1900

| seats_for_election = All [[List of United Kingdom Parliament constituencies (1885–1918)|670]] seats in the [[House of Commons of the United Kingdom|House of Commons]] | majority_seats = 336 

| elected_mps        = [[List of MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 1895|Members elected]]

| election_date = 13 July – 7 August 1895



| image1 = [[File:3rd Marquess of Salisbury.jpg|150x150px]]

| leader1 = [[Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury|Lord Salisbury]]

| leader_since1 = April 1881

| party1 = Conservative and Liberal Unionist

| leaders_seat1 = [[Marquess of Salisbury]]

| last_election1 = 313 seats, 47.0%

| seats1 = 411

| seat_change1 = {{increase}} 98

| popular_vote1 = 1,894,772

| percentage1 = 49.0%

| swing1 = {{increase}} 2.0%



| image2 = [[File:RoseberyMillais.png|150x150px]] 

| leader2 = [[Lord Rosebery]]

| leader_since2 = 5 March 1894

| party2 = Liberal Party (UK)

| leaders_seat2 = [[Earl of Rosebery]]

| last_election2 = 272 seats, 45.4%

| seats2 = 177

| seat_change2 = {{decrease}} 95

| popular_vote2 = 1,765,266

| percentage2 = 45.7%

| swing2 = {{increase}} 0.3%



| image3 = [[File:Justin McCarthy (1830-1912).jpg|150x150px]]

| leader3 = [[Justin McCarthy (historian and politician)|Justin McCarthy]]

| leader_since3 = 6 December 1891

| party3 = Irish Parliamentary Party

| leaders_seat3 = [[North Longford (UK Parliament constituency)|North Longford]]

| last_election3 = 81 seats, 7.0%

| seats3 = 82

| seat_change3 = {{increase}} 1

| popular_vote3 = 149,530

| percentage3 = 4.0%

| swing3 = {{decrease}} 3.0%

| title = PM

| posttitle = Subsequent PM 

| before_election = [[Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury|Lord Salisbury]]

| before_party = Conservative Party (UK)

| after_election = [[Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury|Lord Salisbury]]

| after_party = Conservative Party (UK)

}}

The '''United Kingdom general election of 1895''' was held from 13 July - 7 August 1895.  It was won by the [[Conservative Party (UK)|Conservatives]] led by [[Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury|Lord Salisbury]] who formed an alliance with the [[Liberal Unionist Party]] and had a large majority over the [[Liberal Party (UK)|Liberals]], led by [[Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery|Lord Rosebery]]. The [[Irish Parliamentary Party]] was split at this time, the majority of its MPs (the [[Irish National Federation|"Anti-Parnellites"]]) following [[John Dillon]] whilst a rump (the [[Irish National League|"Parnellites"]]) followed [[John Redmond]].


==Results==

{{Election Summary Begin with Candidates| title = UK General Election 1895}}

{{Election Summary Party with Candidates|

  |party      = Conservative and Liberal Unionist

  |candidates = 589

  |seats      = 411

  |gain       = 

  |loss       = 

  |net        = + 98

  |votes      = 1,894,772

  |votes %    = 49.0

  |seats %    = 61.3

  |plus/minus = +2.0

  |government = yes

  |vps        = 4,610

}}

{{Election Summary Party with Candidates|

  |party      = Liberal Party (UK)

  |candidates = 445

  |seats      = 177

  |gain       = 

  |loss       = 

  |net        = - 95

  |votes      = 1,765,266

  |votes %    = 45.7

  |seats %    = 26.4

  |plus/minus = +0.3

  |vps        = 9,973

}}

{{Election Summary Party with Candidates|

  |party      = Irish Parliamentary Party

  |candidates = 103

  |seats      = 82

  |gain       = [[Londonderry City (UK Parliament constituency)|1]]

  |loss       = 0

  |net        = + 1

  |votes      = 149,530

  |votes %    = 4.0

  |seats %    = 12.2

  |plus/minus = -3.0

  |vps        = 1,824

}}

{{Election Summary Party with Candidates|

  |party      = Independent Labour Party

  |candidates = 28

  |seats      = 0

  |gain       = 0

  |loss       = 0

  |net        = 0

  |votes      = 44,325

  |votes %    = 1.0

  |seats %    = 

  |plus/minus =

  |vps        = N/A

}}

{{Election Summary Party with Candidates|

  |party      = Social Democratic Federation

  |candidates = 4

  |seats      = 0

  |gain       = 0

  |loss       = 0

  |net        = 0

  |votes      = 3,730

  |votes %    = 0.1

  |seats %    = 

  |plus/minus =

  |vps        = N/A

}}

{{Election Summary Party with Candidates|

  |party      = Independent Nationalist

  |candidates = 2

  |seats      = 0

  |gain       = 0

  |loss       = 0

  |net        = 0

  |votes      = 3,429

  |votes %    = 0.1

  |seats %    = 

  |plus/minus =

  |vps        = N/A

}}

{{Election Summary with Candidates|

  |party      = Independent Lib-Lab

  |candidates = 2

  |seats      = 0

  |gain       = 0

  |loss       = 0

  |net        = 0

  |votes      = 2,677

  |votes %    = 0.1

  |seats %    = 

  |plus/minus =

  |vps        = N/A

}}

{{Election Summary Party with Candidates|

  |party      = Independent Liberal

  |candidates = 4

  |seats      = 0

  |gain       = 0

  |loss       = [[Hythe (UK Parliament constituency)|1]]

  |net        = - 1

  |votes      = 1,893

  |votes %    = 0.1

  |seats %    = 

  |plus/minus =

  |vps        = N/A

}}

{{Election Summary Party with Candidates|

  |party      = Independent Labour

  |candidates = [[Aberdeen North (UK Parliament constituency)|1]]

  |seats      = 0

  |gain       = 0

  |loss       = 0

  |net        = 0

  |votes      = 608

  |votes %    = 0.0

  |seats %    = 

  |plus/minus =

  |vps        = N/A

}}

{{Election Summary Party with Candidates|

  |party      = Independent (politician)

  |candidates = 2

  |seats      = 0

  |gain       = 0

  |loss       = 0

  |net        = 0

  |votes      = 52

  |votes %    = 0.0

  |seats %    = 

  |plus/minus =

  |vps        = N/A

}}

|}


''Total votes cast: 3,866,282.  All parties shown.''


===Voting summary===

{{bar box

|title=Popular vote

|titlebar=#ddd

|width=620px

|barwidth=350px

|bars=

{{bar percent|'''Conservative and Liberal Unionist'''|{{Conservative and Liberal Unionist/meta/color}}|49.01}}

{{bar percent|Liberal|{{Liberal Party (UK)/meta/color}}|45.66}}

{{bar percent|Irish Parliamentary|{{Irish Parliamentary Party/meta/color}}|3.87}}

{{bar percent|Independent Labour|{{Independent Labour Party/meta/color}}|1.15}}

{{bar percent|Independent|#dddddd|0.22}}

{{bar percent|Others|#777777|0.1}}

}}


===Seats summary===

{{bar box

|title=Parliamentary seats

|titlebar=#ddd

|width=620px

|barwidth=350px

|bars=

{{bar percent|'''Conservative and Liberal Unionist'''|{{Conservative and Liberal Unionist/meta/color}}|61.34}}

{{bar percent|Liberal|{{Liberal Party (UK)/meta/color}}|26.42}}

{{bar percent|Irish Parliamentary|{{Irish Parliamentary Party/meta/color}}|12.24}}

}}


==See also==

*[[MPs elected in the UK general election, 1895]]

*[[The Parliamentary Franchise in the United Kingdom 1885-1918]]


==Sources==

*[[F. W. S. Craig]], ''British Electoral Facts: 1832-1987''

*F. W. S. Craig, ''British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918'' (Macmillan, 1974)

*[http://www.spartacus-educational.com/GE1895.htm Spartacus: Political Parties and Election Results]


==External links==

''For an alternative view of the count where each vote in a two-member seat is counted as half a vote (because each elector had two votes) see:''

*[http://www.election.demon.co.uk/geresults.html United Kingdom election results - summary results 1885-1979]


{{British elections}}


[[Category:1895 elections in the United Kingdom]]

[[Category:General elections to the Parliament of the United Kingdom|1895]]

[[Category:1895 in the United Kingdom|General election]]

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