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Alternate History

Gallipoli Campaign (A Cautious Decision)

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Constantinople Campaign

Gallipoli Campaign
Beginning:

April 15, 1915

End:

October 19, 1915

Place:

Gallipoli Peninsula, Ottoman Empire

Outcome:

Allied Victory

Major battles:

Sulva Bay; Sari Bair; Scimitar Hill; Hill 60; Fourth Krithia

Combatants

Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom
Flag of Australia Australia
British Raj Red Ensign India
Flag of New Zealand New Zealand
Flag of France France

Flag of the Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire
Flag of the German Empire German Empire
Flag of Austria-Hungary (1869-1918) Austria-Hungary

Commanders

Flag of the United Kingdom Ian Hamilton
Flag of the United Kingdom Herbert Kitchener
Flag of the United Kingdom John de Robeck
Flag of the United Kingdom Julian Byng
Flag of France Henri Gouraud
Flag of France Maurice Bailloud

Flag of the German Empire Otto von Sanders
Flag of the Ottoman Empire Mehmet Esat Bülkat
Flag of the Ottoman Empire Mehmet Vehib Kaçı
Flag of the Ottoman Empire Mustafa Kemal

Strength

Flag of the United Kingdom 495,000
Flag of France 80,000

Flag of the Ottoman Empire 316,000

Casualties and Losses

110,000

240,000

The Gallipoli Campaign, also known as the Dardanelles Campaign or the Battle of Gallipoli/the Battle of Çanakkale (Turkish: Çanakkale Savaşı), took place on the Gallipoli peninsula (Gelibolu in modern Turkey) in the Ottoman Empire between 25 April, 1915 and 19 October, 1915, during World War 1.

Aiming to secure a sea route to the Russian Empire, British (Imperial) and French troops launched a naval campaign  to force a passage through the Dardanelles. After the naval operation, an amphibious landing was undertaken on the Gallipoli peninsula in order to gain a foothold on Thrace in preparation of capturing the Ottoman capital, Constantinople.

Despite initial concern for the allied troops, brought about mostly by the Turkish defences, breakthroughs in the August and September of 1915 forced a break in the Ottoman army, and allowed the British and French army to launch another major military campaign, this time against the Ottoman capital Constantinople.

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