The Republic of Gagauzia (Gagauz: Gagauz Respublikası; Russian: Республика Гагаузия, Respublika Gagauziya), commonly known as Gagauzia (Gagauz Yeri; Гагаузия, Gagauziya), is a republic of the Union of Soviet Sovereign Republics. The smallest republic in area, Gagauzia was initially part of the Moldavian SSR before proclaiming themselves a republic in 1990 in support of remaining in the Soviet Union. The republic is comprised of two unconnected territories straddling the border of Moldova and the Novorossia.
The population of Gagauzia is dominated by the Gagauz people (a are a Turkic-speaking people). Other peoples living within the republic include Bulgarians, Romanians, Russians, and Ukrainians. The Gagauz and Russian languages are the two official languages of the republic. Over 90% of the population declare themselves Christian, with Eastern Orthodoxy being the largest Christian denomination.