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Alternate History

From Anglo-American strugles to a earlier WWI

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PoD: The US and British Empire go to war in 1901 eventually leading to a Dogger Bank incident in Indonesia where Dutch ships were fired upon.

1901

The USA is an emerging power in the world after it won the Spanish-American War four years earlier. It all started in April when a US ship loaded with dynamite was impounded by Britain in Cape Town Harbor believing it was supplies for the Boer resistance still fighting. This was the first outrage. Tension continued to boil between the US and Britain when on April 13th British and US ships in the Caribbean dueled against one another. The US and Britain began staking arms. All dominion forces mobilized from Britain to New Zealand, Maine to the Philippines.

President Roosevelt went to Congress to issue a draft to "confront British aggression." The US was amassing four main armies for an invasion of Canada. The British and Canadians were building defenses. On April 2nd several US soldiers were killed by a bear in Vermont near the Canadian border. Roosevelt twisted the story to make it believe the soldiers were butchered by Canadian scouts making way for an invasion. On May 6th Congress voted, and the US declared war on Britain.

Early in the morning of May 7th US Marines crossed Lake Erie while American cruisers pounded Toronto. The American 2nd Army crossed Lake St. Clare from Detroit. American forces also pushed into Quebec and New Brunswick. The American 1st Army was tasked with taking Winnipeg which they did due to the surprise nature of the assault on Canada. The US did have one problem though, the Krag-Jorgensen rifle was terrible but it was all America had at the time. US losses from Lee Enfield's and Maxim MGs was huge. US machine guns were old Gatling guns and "potato grinder" machine guns.

In the Pacific, the ANZAC fleet had gathered and was sailing up north to the Philippines while an army was being put on boats in Darwin. ANZAC ships were traveling through the Banda Sea when they spotted warships steaming west. Under the impression these were Yankee vessels Australian Captain William Creswell ordered the ANZAC ships to fire on the unknown warships. By the time they reached the burning wrecks of several destroyers and a cruiser they saw Dutch flags being flown and Captain Creswell had made a huge mistake.

The Dutch government was outraged by the incident. Not even ANZAC ships helping the crews they had just shot at didn't help. Holland's Parliament stated, "a direct attack on any Dutch ship especially a military vessel is an attack on Holland." To this the Netherlands declared war on Britain. This seemed to spark a chain event of declaration of war in Europe. Germany backing Holland declared war on Britain, France joined in because of Alsace-Lorraine and Austria backing Germany to relieve pressure from Russia. Meanwhile armed with Austrian weapons the Balkans exploded into revolt against the Ottomans.

The Boer Wars were changed forever. With Holland declaring war on Britain and German Southwest Africa to the northeast the Boers retreated from a guerrilla war and came out to attack British forces. In the meantime, the German garrison in Namibia launched an invasion to capture the main British supply port at Cape Town. Eventually in early June German troops capture Cape Town. German and Dutch ambassadors meet in Cologne to decide how to divide up South Africa after the war. It is decided Cape of Good Hope goes to Germany while Drakensburg, Orange Free State, and Transvaal go to Holland.

Russia had A LOT of problems. As the announcement of war was made in the cities, Bolshevik leaders Leon Trotsky and Vladimir Lenin begin to organize anti-Czar dissent. The Czar (because there is no Duma now) sends his secret police to quash this dissent. When the police show up at the Bolsheviks homes they didn't find them, the Bolsheviks had gone underground.

The only fighting in Europe is in Alsace-Lorraine due to the immediate threat of France to Germany. Fighting would drag on throughout summer as a bloodbath. Light artillery plays a huge role as infantry decimators. French casualties by September already mount to 200,000. Germany retreats into trench warfare. Germany and France issue out steel helmets to somewhat protect a soldier. Britain slowly begins building up forces and diverting troops meant for South Africa for France. Lorraine, however, doesn't fall as fast to French forces as Alsace. The terrain is reduced to craters (similar to the area around Vimy Ridge in WWI). When the French attempt to cross the Rhine the Germans turn it red with machine guns. Into fall and winter French generals push their forces north to Cologne while stalemating the German army on the Rhine.

In the American theater the Marine landings at Toronto fail while the Anglo-Canadian forces push the US 2nd Army back into Michigan. The US 3rd Army also failed at crossing the St. Lawrence but the US 4th Army was successful at securing all Canadian territory south of the St. Lawrence River. Both sides would be stalemated and limited to artillery barrages and probing attacks.

1902

No one was eager to fight as 1902 began. The huge casualties, endless slaughter, and defining sound of artillery. In the American theater every male citizen of Canada not in US-occupied territory eligible to fight was drafted. The US intercepted a British bombardment fleet off Maine and the fleet under William Sims then sailed to Halifax destroying the city and wrecking port facilities. Europe faced more problems though as the Russian giant prepared for a spring offensive which would push to Berlin. The BEF also entered France and the majority of the Dutch army had been sent down into the North Rhine front.

President Roosevelt and Count Bernsdorf met in Wheeling, West Virginia to discuss US support for Germany and vice versa. Roosevelt during the time of traveling also begins planning the US's "Great White Fleet". In South Africa the British attempt to take Cape Town is thwarted by stiff German resistance. Boer forces in Transvaal also come out of hiding and attack the British garrison at Pretoria. The British invasion of German East Africa also takes place during the winter. Cameroon and Togoland also are being prepared for occupation.

Spring 1902 saw the Russia army on the move. The amount of 700,000 men aimed directly at Berlin posed a serious threat to Germany, so the Germans played dirty. They counterattacked with their most elite troops under General Lettow-Vorkbeck while diplomats attempt to get Sweden into the war. Germany promised a Swedish Scandinavia and Swedish rule of whatever part of Russia they occupied. In the meantime the Germans resisted with surprisingly few casualties due to the surprise of the assault.

In Europe the Germans and Dutch were preparing a despicable plan which could end the war against France: The Schleifen Plan.

In America the Canadians attack American lines to retake Winnipeg. The US evacuated the city. The Marines attempt another landing near Toronto which is set north of the city to draw away more forces from the Detroit front. The US 2nd Army advances farther into Ontario with casualties but not as great as last year. The US 3rd Army is directed to attack from Syracuse into Ontario.

German resilience in the East payed off by the anniversary of the war, they had held long enough for Austrian and now Swedish forces to make moves on Russia. Launching attacks from the Transylvanian Alps Austrian forces marched into Ukraine to draw Russian forces out of Germany. Swedish forces attacked into Finland and toward Murmansk. The Swedish and German navies bombarded Petrograd destroying most of the city and the Winter Palace. The Czar fled to Moscow.

The Bolsheviks began coming out, allied with brutal anarchists to do the dirty work they started guerrilla campaigns in the Caucasus (led by Joseph Stalin) and the Novgorod area (led by Trotsky). With Russian defeats in Germany, Ukraine and Finland the Czars power was waning. Russia's fight got worse when Swedish troops landed in Estonia. The whole of the Russian army was in Germany and Poland. Swedish forces in Finland poured down into Russia.

In the Rhineland, French and British forces finally take Lorraine. British strategy for taking on Holland was a naval blockade. The ANZAC troops meant for the Philippines were directed to invade Central Powers East Indies. German North Papua and the Dutch East Indies were invaded. The British also began arming themselves with steel helmets. Nicknamed the "soup bowl", a Canadian complains that it is too heavy. However, it is better than the French helmet which was based on the French fireman's helmet.

Germany's primary goal was to resist I the west and attack the weakening Russian bear. France was finally stopped on the outskirts of Cologne. Dutch forces were mainly responsible in holding the town. French troops decide to lay siege to the city. Austrian troops were even sent to the Rhineland front.

Into summer fighting in Canada sped up. American forces had secured Toronto and Marines were already landing in Quebec. It was at this pivotal moment when Canada's pressure was lifted, by Mexico. Mexico had always yearned to retake its lost provinces. On June 1st the Mexican army crossed the US border and destroyed the three major border towns, San Diego, El Paso and Laredo. The US general staff was forced to divert troops from Canada to the southwest. President Roosevelt was confused yet still confident. The only thing putting bullets into the Mexicans was unorganized militias who formed minutemen battalions. Under newly transferred General John Pershing from Canada US soldiers and Minutemen fought back hard. any and all houses were to be booby trapped, mines were to be placed along the roads, LA, Tucson, and San Antonio were to become fortress towns. Your friendly neighborhood policemen were used as MPs and guards. Martial Law was declared across the southwest, pacifists and anti-government activists will be made as examples.

In Canada the Canadians and British counterattacked against the 1st Army routing them and occupying some territory of North Dakota, once again defended by militias. The US in a desperation act confiscated all guns, President Roosevelt assured the nation after wars end all firearms will be returned.

Summer fighting in Europe was brutal in the east. German troops wrecked the Russian army while the Swedes occupied more of the Baltic states. Finland was just given up to the Swedish in exchange for peace. In the west the Entente faced counterattacks by German troops determined to avenge Cologne. The Entente armies would be contained until winter. Austria continued long range raids into Ukraine and Poland. In the Balkans the Slavic peoples gained a foothold in Bosnia, Serbia and Bulgaria.

In Fall and Winter American armies were on the defensive in all territories accept Niagara and Quebec. There the US proclaimed a new Quebecois Republic. This new nation was immediately sent to war against Canada. With the St. Lawrence cut Canada's only major supply line was via the port of Churchill Manitoba. In Europe, Holland and Germany prepared an operation which could defeat France: the Schleifen Plan.

1903

In the dead of Winter the German high seas fleet sails out of port on a seemingly suicidal mission to attack London. Spain had joined the war since 1901 but was mainly been sending food to the Entente forces in France. Now Spain was sending its own troops to the front.

In Spring the Central Powers launched the Schleifen Plan. German and Dutch forces race through Belgium and Northern France. Entente Forces in the Rhineland are powerless to do anything. The Schleifen Plan was a complete surprise to the world. Holland and Germany invading a neutral country just to defeat another warring power.

On the Southwest Front soldiers under Pershing push Mexico away from Tucson while the first Mexican soldiers advance into LA. President Diaz's mad dream that he can recreate the old Mexico before the Mexican-American War. Mexico by 1903 was crumbling. Pancho Villa, a revolutionary had switched sides and formed the Provisional Democratic Mexican Government based in Santa Fe. The USA recognized this new government and with the assistance legal immigrants the Free Mexican Army was established and shipped to Texas.

In Canada US troops move up to take Ottawa. American Mountain troops advance to Banff, Alberta. The US also begins manufacturing the Springfield M1903 rifle derived from German designs. The US navy has also eliminated the thought of an ANZAC invasion of the Philippines. The US and Royal navies clash off Bermuda. US Marines under the command of John Lejeune embark on an Island hoping campaign across the Caribbean. First the marines land in Bermuda and secure it for the US navy, next they take the Bahamas and then from Guantanamo Bay Jamaica. By Summer all British territories in the Caribbean are under US control.

South Africa in spring 1903 falls to German-Boer forces. The Cape is annexed as Deutsch Sudafrika. The Boers who somewhat tolerate there knew rulers are formed into the colony of Boeria by the Dutch.

German forces in France break though past Nancy and Reims. The Germans then planned to strike at Amiens. The Germans then rush past and destroy several columns on British troops in France. The Schleifen Plan seems to be succeeding. On March 22nd German artillery hit Paris. France surrendered. British troops in the Rhineland then surrendered. What was left of the BEF was sent to Canada to assist the weakening Canadians.

Germany shifted its forces to the east, Russia was slowly being pushed back. Russia then suffered defeats near Warsaw and Lodz. Soon German troops overran Poland and they soon entered the Baltic States. The Ottoman Empire, wanting to grab territory after the Russo-Turkish war invaded Russia and its Caucasus Mountains. The Ottomans were doing this not only for revenge but for territory to make up after the Balkan rebellions took most of the empires European territory away.

In Africa Ottoman forces from Libya and Palestine invade Egypt and what remains of French North Africa. Eventually by Fall Egypt fell and Ottoman forces invaded Sudan. In Summer US forces launched an assault across the Rio Grande. Mexican president Diaz went into a rage and shot his advisors. Mexico descended into a dictatorial hell as Diaz cracked down on people being suspicious of being traitors and spies. In California US forces retake San Diego. American ships start bombarding Mexico's various ports.

In Canada British and Canadian resistance finally ends when the US and Quebecois armies encircle the Anglo-Canadian army in Manitoba and Saskatchewan. In Russia the Russians were pushed back into White Russia and Ukraine. The Bolsheviks with German arms successfully rout the Czar into Siberia. Japan launches an invasion of Manchuria to grab land they claimed. Russian forces in Europe continue to collapse. Into fall and Winter German and Ottoman forces finish up conquering areas of North Africa. The European Central Powers sign the treaty of Vienna dividing up Africa. French North Africa go to Germany, British Somaliland and Egypt-Sudan go to the Ottomans.

In Mexico the US Army takes Monterrey while Diaz's last grips on the USA in Arizona fall. US marines land on the Yucatan while other Marines land halfway down Baja.

1904

In early 1904 the only real fighting was centered around the Second Mexican-American War. In January the marines had taken Baja while the US army was moving into Sonora and Nuevo Leon. President Diaz held together a ruined nation now surviving on fear and hatred. President Roosevelt sent a letter to President Diaz offering a surrender, Diaz responded with his famous telegram reading, "Go f*ck yourself". An enraged Roosevelt replied with "you too, buddy", and then ordered Pershing and commander of the West Mexican front General Hunter Liggett to march to Mexico City and "hang Daddy Diaz".

Action in February heated up in the Baltic where the German Baltic fleet attempted to bombard the ruins of Petrograd (still being rebuilt after Swedish shelling). The Germans were met with open engagement by the Russian Baltic Fleet. The Ottoman navy was destroy by the Russian Black Sea Fleet. Spring saw increased action and more Austro-German attacks into Russia. The Bolshevik army had established themselves at Tsaritsyn and the surrounding area. Made up of veterans, mutineers, workers, peasants, and left wing advocates, the "Red" army marched to Moscow. In Ukraine a total collapse of government power and anarchist insurrection followed leaving to the Crimean Republic and Ukrainian Republics following collapse. German forces finally entered Russia after slogging through Belorussia. German troops advanced on Petrograd while more German and Polish soldiers marched on Moscow. The Tsar who was holding himself up in the new Russian capital at Omsk, declared the Red army a "Murderous band of traitors".

In Mexico the US had advanced all the way down to Mexico City and began laying siege. US marine forces had overwhelmed the most of the southern part of the country, Diaz was ready to flee for his life. The worthless reserves of the Mexican army had dug in. Then on April 3rd an artillery barrage killed Diaz in the Mexican capital building. Vice President Manuel Gonzalez was sworn in and crossed the American lines to sign a truce with General Pershing.

With the last resistance in American ended, President Roosevelt would do his part in defeating the Entente remnants. US forces set sail from Halifax and landed in occupied Brest, these ships were loaded with guns, ammunition and boots. German troops in France achieved a breakthrough in the Pyrenees and pushed into Spain. What was left of the Spanish, British and French armies, fought a defensive war across the Iberian peninsula. However, German and American ships put any hope of rescue to Britain as impossible. In June these armies surrendered.

In the mess of violence which was Russia, Central Powers and Red Army forces finally reach Moscow. The provisional government in Siberia finally offered surrender. Russia was divided up into the Soviet Union in European Russia, the Baltic states, Byelorussia, Ukraine, and Crimea would become Central Powers puppets.

Britain on June 25th honorably surrendered, not after most of its colonies were under foreign occupation.

Treaty of Washington (dealing with the North American theater)

US annexation of Canada, Sonora, Chihuahua, and Baja will be joined with California.
Britain will pay 50 million pounds to rebuild damages done to the northern US. Mexico will pay 60 million pesos due to damages to the US southwest.
Quebec will be recognized by the British.

Treaty of Potsdam (dealing with the European theater)

Germany will annex what remains of Alsace-Lorraine.
The Ottomans will recognize the new Balkan nations.
Territories taken from Russia will become CP puppets.
France will repay Germany for damages done 100 million marks.
Britain and the ANZAC nations will repay Holland 200 million pounds.

1905

The Central Powers (especially the USA) celebrate their victory in the Great War. President Roosevelt is easily reelected. The US occupies its Canadian territories with an iron fist also using a surplus of volunteer Quebecois soldiers. The US remains heavily mobilized even after the Great War due to rising threats of terrorism in Mexico. Due to this, President Roosevelt makes a very unpopular but necessary decision to occupy Mexico.

Under General Liggett US troops occupy Mexico and take control over the Gonzalez administration.

In Europe Germany flexes its muscles as it settles in for taking over Britain and France's lost African colonies. France sells the useless Indochina colony to Japan. Austria forms regional protection treaties with the Balkan nations. This is despised by Germany but Austria reminds them of the siege of Vienna. The Ottoman peoples approval of the Austrians drop. Russia is weakened by the war heavily and holds a heavily militarized border with the Soviet Union in the Urals. In France rises of conservative nationalism bring chaos to the French peoples due to far leftist trying to seize power. Holland is still pissed at Britain for starting a war with them. However, they have been repaid with a South African colony.

1906

In Mexico the US forces crush several revolts. In Europe chaos in France reaches a breaking point as the country descends into Anarchy with conservative and military factions allying against communists and anarchists. This finally calls Britain to invade France and restore order.

Germany under Kaiser Wilhelm II ignores the French Civil War. In France the British and conservatives take control of Paris. Britain sends more troops to reinforce its ally. Spain occupies Andorra after the French civil war had began. Russia also begins a deep hatred for Germany. Russia begins to stock up on arms and ammunition.

Canada revolts against the US occupation. Instead of just outright crushing it, the US takes people hostage and orders the rebels to cease fighting or risk having the hostages shot. This somewhat works as suicide bombers make the process much more difficult.

In America there are two new obsessions. The first is automobiles and the second is aircraft. The US army sees the value of aircraft for reconnaissance and begins grabbing young men for the United States Army Air Recon or USAAR. However, flying skills are terrible as lots of men die in takeoffs and landings.

1907

Japan starts becoming ambitious. The nation begins to construct ever larger battleships and large fleets. The British and "Blue" army push south from Paris and Brest down into France. This advance is made faster due to the fact of the Black and Red armies fighting against one another. The Radical Conservative Party in Britain wins the latest election.

In North America the rebels in Mexico have been crushed by the US. This reluctantly makes General Liggett hand over occupation duties to the government of Victoriano Huerta (big mistake later). The Huerta administration begins to rearm Mexico (under the thought of crushing remaining rebel holdouts).

1908

The French Civil War ends, Blue and British troops secure the south of France. In Paris General Philippe Petain. Sets up the French Radical Conservative Party. Germany also begins reaming itself. A pro-English rebellion breaks out in Deutsch Sudafrika. German troops move to crush it. In Kapstadt (Cape Town) German soldiers crush rioters outside the colonial admin building. Black rebels especially surprise the Germans. The government in Dutch Boeria refuses to help the Germans or rebels.

Democrat Woodrow Wilson runs for president and wins. The USA sends more soldiers to occupied British territories due to increased rebellious actions. The only more cooperative British territories are Bermuda and the Bahamas.

1909

Wilson takes office in the USA. The rebellion in Sudafrika is crushed. In France and Britain conservative parties crack down on liberals. Britain and France also begin propping up the Russians as a deterrent to Soviet and German aggression in the east. In China, what was left of the Boxers flares into open revolt again but against the Chinese government.

The Boxer War as it was called saw a Boxer orchestrated coup take China to war with the west. On August 2nd, 1909 Chinese artillery landed home in Korea, killing some 30 Japanese personnel and wounding many more. This was also met with Chinese attacks on American vessels near the Philippines and attacks on German merchants in Tsingtao. Immediately Germany declared war on China, Japan followed quickly. And it wouldn't be until September 1st when the Americans entered the war. Japan took the brunt of the fighting for now, stemming the tide of Chinese troops attempting to conquer Korea.

Australia and New Zealand were forced to enter the war when Boxers sacked their embassies in Hong Kong. Australia and New Zealand had cut their ties with Britain after the end of the Great War not wishing to get into anymore conflicts Britain had. ANZAC ships and troops were mobilized. In October the first German and American ships and soldiers arrive in Korea. Under the command of Generals such as Douglas MacArthur, the German crown-prince himself, and Harukichi Hyakutake marched forward. Fighting would stall by winter but the casualties rate mainly was anchored on the huge amount of Chinese dead.

1910

The war in China drags on and giving an increasingly worrisome President Wilson more trouble thinking about US lives lost. Seeing the oppression of Chinese Muslims the Ottoman empire with Central Asian puppets attack into Sinking. China is cornered. Allied ships bombard Tanking and other Chinese port cities. A marine force is assembled in Formosa to land near Hong Kong and the Pearl River delta. ANZAC troops would also help with this landing. On April 1st Allied troops landed at the Pearl River Delta. Chinese troops were easily defeated. US marines, the best of them all lead the assault. In Manchuria the US cavalry under volunteer major George Patton broke through to Port Arthur. MacArthur then sent a message to congress asking to make Port Arthur a US territory using Hong Kong to Britain as an example. It is denied swiftly. The Marine forces advance north from there landing at the Pearl River Delta. A force of Japanese forces land near Tanking.

The Ottoman Empire declares war on China helping its Muslim Central Asian friends. Ottoman forces enter Sinkiang. Into summer and fall allied forces occupy southern Manchuria, and the Pearl River area. The allied fleet controls the coast bombarding China's cities.

1911

The Germans use the airplane to launch raids on Peking. The Qing evacuated to Central China. Allied forces march south from Manchuria to Peking. Marine forces march on Xi'an to cut off the Chinese government. The USAAR is deployed to search the countryside for any caravan and gun it down. The allied forces reach Peking. A bloody battle ensues. Peking is captured. The Boxer government surrenders to the allied forces.

1912

Leaps in aviation are made by the USA. Germany unveils the airship. The concept of an armored car comes to the British. The USA uses aircraft to deliver mail which replaces the Pony Express. The US also begins building up its navy in the Pacific to confront the rising tide of the Japanese. Germany attempts to assimilate the English remnants of South Africa into German culture but they fail.

1913

Britain and France prop up the Romanovs while making sure Russian Radical Conservatives secure elections in Russia's Duma. Russia creates the theory of, "The stab in the back", blaming Jews for making Russia lose the war and for the creation of the boil which is the Soviet Union. Russia begins a massive building project aiming to industrialize all Siberian cities. Ottoman-Persian Skirmish, Ottoman and Persian forces fight an undeclared war over Azerbaijan. Results in an Ottoman victory. The US elects Republican Leonard Wood as president.

1914

Continued Ottoman expansion in Arabia. Wood takes office. Russia legalizes discrimination against Jews. Several clashes between rebels and the Mexican government in Nuevo Leon. Germany tightens its hold on Sudafrika after an English insurrection begins. Austria begins shipping soldiers to Croatia fearing a Italian attack. Italy, meanwhile has entered a pact of military cooperation with Britain, France, and Russia. Britain secretly begins shipping forces to Northern France. India on its quest for independence rises up against British rule. India is partitioned into Pakistan and India. Persia increases its relations with Pakistan due to the threat of the looming Ottoman Empire to the west.

1915

A increase in Entente troop build up on the borders of Germany and Pro-German states like the USSR. The Czars forces mount to 3 million soldiers in the Urals. Occupied Canada revolts against the USA only with mainly Canadian deaths in the revolt in Ontario. The US also begins to build up its Pacific Fleet as Japan grows ever more expansionist.

1916

The British fleet begins building up in Scapa Flow. Ottoman forces engage in several small skirmishes with Persian troops. Mexico begins amassing an army in Northern Mexico claiming it was "keeping the peace". British, French, Russian, and Italian planners begin planning a surprise attack on the Central Powers. Portugal secretly declares its allegiance to Britain and sends troops to the west and Italy.

1917

Entente forces make their final preparations on April 30th. On May 1st Entente aircraft fly over German cities releasing payloads of bombs and leaflets demanding Germany give back colonies. Italian artillery opens up on Austrian border troops near the Isonzo River. The Bulgarians, desperately wanting the rest of Thrace, launch a surprise attack on the Ottoman Empire. British and Indian troops advance into Persia from India. Russia attacks deep into the USSR. Following behind the Entente bombers are several armies from the BEF and French army strike into Belgium and Holland. Mexico attacks into Texas with an army of one million men. The Pacific Theater opens up with a Japanese invasion of the Philippines.

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